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I^hemistZ Druggist 

/or RETAILER - WHOLESALER - MANUFACTURER 

istablithed 1859 28 Essex Street, Strand, London, \V.C.2 Registered ns a Newspaper 



■ OBBMIBT and DRUOOIST 



DSOKMBMR 2S, 1S4$ 



3490 
L. CXLVI 



DECEMBER 28, 1946 



Annii'il SubHcription (tcith 
Diary) 2hl-. Single copies 91. 




anb 



is the New Year Message of 

LILLY of BASINGSTOKE 



ItuUx to Adv«rtis4rt pp. 6 cfc 6 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28, 1944 




Wright's 

COAL TAR INHALER 
AND VAPORIZER 

/hf i^uuA /'elie^ /)*om 

COLDS 

INFLUENZA 

BRONCHITIS 

WHOOPING 

COUGH 

CATARRH ETC. 



Complete with full size 
bottle of Vaporizing Liquid - Retail 6/- 

Vaporizing Liquid Refills - - Retail 1/2^ 

Spare absorbent blocks - Retail 7^d. each 



Making a rc-appcarance in the 
National Press this Aummn and 
Winter, publicity for Wright'i 
oal Tar Inhaler and Vaporizer 
will help to develop valuabk 
business. 
\\ right's Coal Tar Inhaler and 
Vaporizer — eminently suitable 
for the relief of colds, catarrh, 
and like congestive conditions 
— should be well and prominendy 
displayed. It offers good sales 
returns and terms. 



WRIGHT, LAYMAN & UMNEY LTD. SOUTHWARK LONDON S.E.f 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGlSl 



YOUR 

REPUTATION 
IS NO 
BUBBLE! 




r 




SIialvr>iK'are's Ho'dicr, valiaiilly scekinj^ tlie bubble 
reputation even in the cannon's mouth, is a far cry from 
the hard farts of commercial practice. To you, reputa- 
tion is no bubble. It is the hard-won virtue upon which 
the pojjularity of your product is founded. But it does 
not end there. It is a virtue that must be as closely 
controlled as the manufacture of your product. The 

slifihtest variation in your established quality the 

merest deviation from an essential specification and, 
before you know where you are, your product is in danger 
of losing its popularity — and you your reputation. 

That's quite a responsibility for any man to carry — 
but one that Monsanto, in preparing their products, readily 
accept without a qualm. But then, Monsanto have good 
reason to accept it. Every batch of every Monsanto 
chemical is Joii6/c-checked by our highly skilled control 
chemists before a single pint or a single pound is delivered 
to your works. 

But there's even more to it than that : most Monsanto 
chemicals are prepared to much closer specifications than 
those required by B.P. or B.S.I. So, with a high standard 
to start with, and with that high standard as an integral 
part of your formulae, you will readily appreciate the 
important part that do»We-check-controlled Monsanto 
chemicals play in helping you to maintain your reputation. 

Monsanto Chemicals Limited, Victoria Station House, 
London, S.W.I. Phone : Victoria 2255. Grams : Monsanto 
Sowesl, Loudon. 

Aspirin 
Phenol 
Phenacetin 
Methyl salicylate 
Sodium salicylate 
Benzoic acid 
Sodium benzoate 
Lysol 

and many others 

SERVING INDUSTRY WHICH SERVES MANKIND 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 21. Ifl 



Trade in Transition 



Change is the order of the day. 
There are shifts in the social 
wage structure. Purchasing power 
is undergoing a change and values 
are far from stabilised. The trend 
of many a market is in the 
balance. New lines are being 
marketed and old lines which dis- 
appeared during the war are 
re-appearing in uncertain quanti- 
ties but without the backing of 
really powerful advertising to ensure 
their re-establishment. In fact 
running a retail business just now 
is like navigating a ship in an 
imperfectly charted sea. 

What does a chemist look for in 
his dealings at a time like this ? 
What do you look for when the 
stocking of a line is under con- 
sideration and you must decide 
how much of it to carry ? Is it 
not the reputation of the manu- 
facturer who sponsors that line ? 
Does he understand your business 
governed by today's shifting trends ? 
And has he judged right in the 



past few years the avenues 
opportunity to maintain or increj 
sales ? In short does he prod 



selli)ig lines ? 



In all the fog of cross trends 
values, new public needs a| 
preferences tempered with ina 
quate supplies, three lines hi 
consistently made solid prog: 
and returned a progressively incre 
ing nett to your till. They 
Simpson's Foot Ointment, Simpso 
Liniment and Simpson's "Nilblai 
Other Simpson products, in earl 
stages of development, are folio' 
ing exactly the same course. Th 
are sales-tested pharmacy produ 
They are backed by well-inform 
marketing knowledge and an und 
taking to relieve you of surpl 
end-of-season stock should this i 
necessary. And they are all G. 
products which carry a liber 
margin of profit. You're sa 
in handling Simpson's produd 
They offer every safeguard ai 
an assured turnover. 



Announcement by 

J. W. SIMPSON (Chemist) Ltd. IODINE HOUSE, MUSEUM STREET, W.G 




CROOKES HALIRIITOIL 

Standard Bonus Parcels 



PARCEL G 12 I IS c.c. Dnt» » SI- RrOO 
Ltu 25*'. 


£ i d. 
3 0 0 
15 0 


BONUS 
1 1 IS C.C 


.. 10% 


2 5 0 
4 6 


Drop* 

RETAIL VALUE 

5/- 


• Amumt of catk aitb oHtt 


•2 • t 




PARCEL H J* 1 5 c.t Dfom S n- R»t«o 

Lnj 25% 


3 12 0 
l« 0 


3i Ste. 
Oroa 
RETAIL VALIT 


- lor; 


2 14 0 

5 5 


* AaiouM of ctth oiiA ac4fT 


•2 1 7 




PARCEL J II 1 30 tt. Dnft 9 •/• 

Leu 25% 


5 10 
1 7 0 


1 I 30 cc. 


„ 10', 


4 1 0 

8 1 


retaKTalue 

ti- 


* \jnoua( of caftli i»lt>i or^r 


•J 12 II 




PARCEL K f2 . 5 c.c Drops <g 11- Rttefl 

Uu 22% 


7 4 0 

1 ](• 0 


ll 1 5 c c. 


.. 10% 


5 8 0 
10 10 


Drof. 

RETAIL VALLT 
fl 4 0 


* AnMMal of CUh wilh ordrr 


•4 17 2 




PARCEL LlJ»100C*p«l«(3 l.« Retail 
Uu 25% 


5 2 0 
1 5 6 


1 I 100 


» 10% 


3 16 6 
7 t 


Capwle* 
RETAa VALLT 
•,'6 


* AmounI of cud »llh ortJfr 


•J « 10 




PARCEL M M X 100 Ctfrnht {3 S 6 RttiU 

Uu 25% 


15 6 0 
3 16 6 


)x 100 


.. 10% 


1! 9 6 
1 J 0 


Capok. 

RETAIL VALL-E 
CI 5 t 


* AmouBl of cub ollh oHtr 


•10 6 6 


PARCEL O « X 100 c»i«ij« J s 6 Rtua 

tlx 2SCarm^S 16 Retail 


10 4 0 

1 10 0 


2 I too 


Uu 25% 


II 14 0 
2 18 6 


CapMie* 

RETAIL VALfE 
17/. 


Uu 10% 


1 15 6 

17 7 


' AmvI of cask with ordcf 


•7 17 11 





when your 
customers ask for 

CROOKES 
HALI BUT 
OIL 

The unprecedented demand for 
dressed window displays and in- 
dividual showcards renders it 
impossible for us to guarantee 
meeting all requests. 



PA.TA 



' dE CROOKES 

I RK ROYAL 
I 



LABOR 



TERMS OF SUPPLY : \. Bonus in kind 
will be allowed only when one or more 
standard parcels G, H. J, K. L. M, O are 
ordered, 2 The order must be accompanied 
by cash. No pro-forma invoices can be 
issued. 3. Orders for broken parcels or 
unaccompanied b> cash will not be entitled 
to bonus in kind, nor can the special 
discount of 10% be allowed. 4. Bonus in 
kind cannot be allowed on any other 
Halibut Oil products, 5. Orders for bonus 
parcels cannot be accepted by telephone, 
6. No exceptions or variations to these 
terms can be made in any circumstances 

ATORIES LIMITED 

LONDON. N W . 1 0 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28, 1 9'< 



For B.P.and B.P.C. TABLETS 




THOMAS KERFOOT& CO LTD, VALE of BARDSLEY, LANCASHIRE 




BOLRNVITA 



FOR SLEEP 




AND ENERGY 



December 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



DEX TO ADVERTISERS 



Tined Basic Chemicals, Ltd 14 

len, Stafford, & Sons, Ltd 17 

igio-African Shipping Co. (S.A.), Ltd 13 

iKlo-Dutch Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd xxii 

iel Curlers xxii 

he Laboratories, Ltd v 

hicy & Weeks, Ltd xxiv 

ker, R., & Son, Ltd xx 

yer Products. Ltd i 

Honey Co., Ltd xiv 

ulah, J. & J., Ltd 26 

echwood Lulustrics, Ltd xviii 



& Sons. Ltd 

n]j?er's. Ltd 

njamin, M. L., & Co 

W. H 

innan, S., & Sons, Ltd 

tish C:od Liver Oils (Hull & Grimsby) 

tish Dental Sticks, Ltd 

tish Dnic; Houses, Ltd., The 



Ltd, 



xiu 
16 
22 
xiv 
ix 

XX 

xvii 

tish Felsol Co., Ltd Cover iv 

)mc & Schimmer iv 

)oks .Appliance Co., Ltd xi 

>oks. R., & Co iv 

ckiey-Bowkcr Tablet Co., LtcL xvi 

rrough, James, Ltd Leader Pag 

rrouijhs VVelicome & Co 

h, Beach & Gent, Ltd iv 

to, Ruperto iv 

dbury Bros., Ltd 4 

thorpe. ^L, & Co., Ltd xx 

iord Toilet Supplies, Ltd xxii 

y & .\braham. Ltd 8 

tes & Cooper. Ltd xi 

solidated Glass, Ltd iv 

tinental Laboratories, Ltd 11 

k Trade Association 15 



'55 



Cow, P. B., & Co., Ltd xi 

Cox. Arthur H., & Co., Ltd 8 

Ciroda, Ltd 14 

Crookes Laboratories, Ltd H 

Cross & Max Leader Page 

Cupal, Ltd xxi 

Cuticura Preparations 21 

Dae Health Laboratories, Ltd vi 

Dales Aspirin Co 15 

Daniel, Ridi ird, & Son, Ltd 13 

Devon, D 15 

Distillers Co., Ltd 15 

Dunlop Hot Water Bottles x 

Dyancse, Ltd xii 

Edge, Wm., & Sons, Ltd 14 

Emsa Works & Herbert Foot Appliance, Ltd. ... xii 

Esco (Rubber), Ltd xii 

Eucryl, Ltd xx 

Evan Williams Co., Ltd xxiii 

Faylene Manufacturing Co 26 

Field & Co. (Aromatirs), Ltd xvi 

Freudentheil, Smith & Co Leader Page 

Gibson. Robert, & Sons, Ltd 12 

Glass Container Co xiv 

Gosheron, John, & Co., Ltd xiii 

Guest, Thos., & Co., Ltd 10 

Harcoombe-Cooper Sales, Ltd xix 

Harvey & Co. (Dublin), Ltd Leader Page 

Harwoods Laboratories, Ltd 6 

Houi^h, Hoseason & Co., Ltd 10 

Howard Lloyd & Co.. Ltd 18 

Ilex Supply Co.. Ltd xix 

International Chemical Co., Ltd 23 

International Laboratories, Ltd vii 

Janssen's Herbal Tablets, Dr xvii 

Jarvie, Hugh, & Co., Ltd iii 



RSA 



LYL B.D.H 



LERSALYLB.D.H. complies with 
the specification for Mersalyl B.P. 
lersalyl B.D.H. is a diuretic of high activity and low toxicity ; it is indicated in the 
reatment of oedematous conditions, particularly those complicating cardiac disorders. 
Lodes of issue : in ampoules of 1 c.c. and 2c.c. of a 10 per cent, solution for intravenous 
intramuscular injection (Injection of Mersalyl B.P.) and in the form of tablets and 
ippositories. Mersalyl B.D.H. is being advertised to the medical profession, and 
|harmadsts will be well advised to keep an adequate stock in readiness for all demands. 

PRICES 



For parenteral administration. 
Box of 6 X I c.c. ampoules Wholesale per doz. 28/- Retail 3 6 
„ „ 12 X I c.c. „ „ „ 52/- 6/6 

„ „ 6 X 2 c.c. „ „ „ „ 44 - 5/6 

•* » 13 X 2 C.C. ,] ), 84,- „ 10/6 ; 

For rectal administration. 
Suppositories containing 0.4 gnn. Box of 6 Wholesale per doz. 58/ 

For oral administration. 
Tablets eoAtainicg 0.08 grm. Bottle of 20 Wholesale per doz. 30/- 



Not subject to Purchase Tax 



Ret.il 7/3 
Retail 3/9 



HE BRITISH DRUG HOUSES LTD. LONDON N.l 



I 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



INDEX— (eon.) 

(continued overleaf) 

Joblini?, J. A.. & Co., Ltd ix 

Johnson & Johnson (G.B.), Ltd 22 

Kay Bros^ Ltd xv 

Kerfoot, T., & Co., Ltd 4 

King, G.. & Co., Ltd xix 

Knox Laboratories, Ltd 11 

Knox, John (Stoke-on-Trent), Ltd 26 

Lax & Shaw, Ltd viii 

Lilly, Eli, & Co., Ltd Front Cover 

Liverpool School of Pharmacy Leader Page 

London & Provincial Factors, Ltd xii 

Lusty's Natural Products xxii 

Madelox, Ltd xxii 

Marshall's Proprietaries, Ltd 26 

Mather, Wm., Ltd Cover iii 

Maurice, Louis, & Co. Ltd 22 

Monsanto Chemicals, Ltd i 

Moore Medicinal Products, Ltd xvii 

Musterole Fine Products, Ltd xxi 

Napp, H. R., Ltd Leader Page 

Niblett, C. P Leader Page 

Oxo, Ltd 28 

P.A.C. Chemicals, Ltd xvi 

Palestine Potash, Ltd ii 

Ponds Extract Co 24 

Poplar Glassworks, Ltd x 

Porteus, Geo., & Sons (Leeds), Ltd x 

Potter & Clarke, Ltd 25 

Pratt. Sir John & Co xxi 

Pritchards, Ltd xiv 

Rabok Manufacturing Co., Ltd xvii 

Reed Bros. (Engineering), Ltd x 



.Leader 



.Leader P| 



I Rendell, W. J.. Ltd 

Reuter, R. J., Co. Ltd 9 

Roberts' Patent Filling Machine Co., Ltd | 

Rodmill Chemical Co., Ltd 

Rona Laboratories, Ltd ir 

Roura & Forgas, Ltd | 

Sale, Tilney & Co., Ltd 

I Sangene, Ltd 

! Savory & ^^oore, Ltd 

I Scott, J. & K., Ltd 

I Selto (Eastbourne) Ltd 

I Sharp & Dohme, Ltd 

i Shrank, P., Ltd 

1 Sigal, S., & Co.. Ltd. 

I Simpson, J. V\ . (Chemists), Ltd. 
I Singer, Ernest M 

Songo 

Southen Laboratories, Ltd 

Splendor, Ltd 

Stemco, Ltd 

Suter, A. F., & Co., Ltd 

Sutton, VV., & Co. (London), Ltd. 

Thackray, C. F., Ltd 

Thermogene Co 

I Twinkle Headache Powders Leader Pi 



Universal Brush Co 

Velvet Crepe Paper Co.. Ltd. 
Virdox, Ltd 



Wander, A,, Ltd 

Ward, T., & Sons, Ltd 

Warner, W. R.. & Co., Ltd 

Westminster Laboratories, Ltd. ... 

White, J. F., & Co., Ltd 

Wilson & Mansfield, Ltd 

Winox 

Woods 

Wright, La>-man & Umney, Ltd. 



Known on both sides of 
the counter . . • To both the 

chemist and his customers Serocalcin is now well- 
known, not only for the prevention but also for the 
treatment of colds. The demand at present is very 
great and every indication points to its continuing and 
increasing throughout the winter. 

Your co-operation is sought in ordering your 
supplies. We are most anxious to give you good 
dehvery service but, under present conditions, there 
may be unavoidable delays. So please look ahead and 
place your orders so that we have a margin of time in 
which to execute them. 

SEROCALCIN 

FOI THE PREVENTION AND TBEATMENT OF COLDS 

HARWOODS LABORATORIES LTa, WATFORD, HIRTS. Phon. WATFORD 4457 




I 



I)t lL>e<ember 28, If 46 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



7 



A cocnpiet* window displa/ ms/ not be 
possible these days, but an attractive 
display of Rendells Products on your counter 
will give confidence to regular purchasers 
and attract new customers who, seeing our 
advertisements, liave become interested 
in the problems of fem^iine hygiene. 
Display a complete range. They will tell a 
womaR that you stock Rendells Productt. 

SdMtron and Silatex are in thort supply but 
Rat^*ll$ an4 Mmwin»l» an aeH rt»trta»4. 



FOB FEMININE HYGIENE 



RENDELLS 
S I L AT E X 
SANTRON 
MENSINOLE 
RENDELL GELS 



PA.T.A 





THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 19 




The Laboratories, 

BRIGHTON 7. 



To all our Pharmacist 
Friends -at Home and 
Overseas - we send Best Wishes for 

"A Happy and Prosperous 
New Year^^ 



ARTHUR H. COX & CO. LTD, 



The New 




Cream ! 



« NO MORE DIRTY HANDS " 

Co ntai nso'2% p-chlor-m-cresol — 

a powerful antiseptic and germicide 

Applied to the hands, the imperceptible coating 
effectively prevents dirt from penetrating the 
pores. When hands arc washed, the skin is 
clean and smooth. 

A display on the counter appeals to a wade 
range of customers, such as the MOTORIST, 
GARDENER. HANDYMAN & HOUSEWIFE. 

(Shoiicard Available) 
Retail Price : 2/- per pot, including Purchase Tax. 
TRADE PRICE: 13/6 per doz., plus 33i% Purchase Tax. 
C.A. 131a 12 doz.— 12/- per doz., plus 33^% Purchase Tax. 




Our Abridged Price List is now 
available, on receipt of Id. stamp to 
conform with Regulations. 



CLAY & ABRAHAM LTD., Manufactitring Chemists, LIVERPOOL, i 



)ecember 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



9 




THE G»CA»- 




PAIN iLO.S""- 



ile it is obvious that no antiseptic 
1 completely kill all of the bacteria 
nd on the membranes of the upper 
iratory tract, nevertheless, many 
ctions of the nose and throat are 
eficially treated by the use of a 
■toxic, non-irritating antiseptic, 
olution ' S.T.37 ' is of particular 
le in the^e conditions because it 
sesses high e-ermicidal activity but 
he same time has a very low tissue 
'city. Many the hacteria are not 



only killed by chemical means, but the 
<lefence mechanism against infection 
of the tissues themselves is not dis- 
turbed. In addition, Solution S.T.37' 
exerts a mild surface analj^esic eflfect. 
Thus, the therapeutic action of Solu- 
tion ' S.T.37' is three-fold when applied 
to painfully-iniiamed lisMie> such as 
are found in acute iiaso-pharx ngitis, 
[)haryngitis, tonsillitis, and laryngitis. 
Solution ' S.T.37 " is supplied in 
bottles of 3, 5 and 12 flui«l ounces. 

SHARP & DOHME LTD. 

HODDESDON HERTS. 



10 



• HE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 




mi 
m 

Products 



Due to shortage of lupplies, 
combined with the curtailment 
of our staff, we wish to assure 
our many trade friends that we 
are using every effort to main- 
tain an equitable distribution of 
our Products. 

Please Note 
1st. All Orders are forwarded 
In strict rotation, and we 
are now 15 weeks be- 
hindhand In delivery. 
2nd. Due to the position, all 
additions can only be 
treated is separate 
orders. 

3rd. When writing with re- 
ference to an order on 
hand, please give exact 
dote when sent on. 



••SURE SHIELD^ 

Rsglttcred Tnda Hark 

IODISED THROAT TABLETS 
FRUIT LAXATIVES 
GLYCERINE OF THYMOL 
PASTILLES 



PASTILLES LOZENGES 
TABLETS 

Tlioj.6uejt&(o.ltd.'"''2&"^ 

Carruthers Street, Manchester, 4 



'HUFFS' 

SWEETENED 

GERM KILLING THROAT TABLETS 
NEW ATTRACTIVE LABEL 

Again extensive/y 
advertised through- 
out the country 

ORDER NOW ! 
RETAIL 1/3 inc. Tax 
Shewing 33 J % profit to you 

COST: I to 3 doz. 1 I/I per doz. 6 doz. lots 10/6 
per doz. I gross lots 10/3 per doz. All inc., P. Tax- 
3 Dozen and over 
Carriage Paid. 
BONUS: 13 to doz. 
7 doz. and over. 5 
to 10 gross lots — 
special rates. 




Made by :- 

HOUGH, HOSEASON & CO. LTD 

Mannfacturitig Chemists 
LEVENSHULME - MANCHESTER 
MEMBERS OF THE P.A.TA. 



December 28. I94« 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 





The Policy of the Knox Laboratories Ltd., has always been one of 
creating product confidence by giving users an assurance of satisfaction 
or money refunded. 

To-day, m tf'eir Nation-wide advertising, all announcements carry this 
guarantee of honest trading and straightforward dealing. 



ByB^BklEY RFEUI^DFD '' ^'^^ reason you arc diss.itisncd with 

■ ImCr Cystex. return cmpcy pack.ige to Manufacturers 
at address below, and the purchase price will 



IF DISSATISFIED 



be refunded 



Cyst 

THE KIDNEY TONIC 

For KIDNEYS, BACKACHE 
RHEUMATISM 




AMPLE SUPPLIES 
ARE NOW 
AVAILABLE 

All order exe- 
cuted promptly 
in full. 



Mendaco 

For A:)THMA 
BRONCHITIS, HAY FEVER 



KNOX LABORATORIES LTD., 81 LAMB'S CONDUIT 'TREET. 
LONDON W.C.I 




CODOFORRIE BOTOL 

TABLETS 
(Indicated in all types of dry cough) 

Owing to circumstances beyond our control, wc regret 
that GoDOFORME BoTOL has been in short supply, but 
we are now pleased to advise you that this preparation 

IS AGAIN AVAILABLE 
IN PACKINGS OF 20 AND 250 TABLETS 

If any difficulty is experienced in obtaining supplies 
through the normal trade channels, you are invited to 
communicate with us. 



CONTINENTAL LABORATORIES LTD 

101 GREAT RUSSELL STREET, LONDON, W.G.I 

T«lepboa*: MUSEUM 3f42/a 



12 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



Dec«mber 28, 1946 



Now, at last, some products ar 
in fairly good supply 

Dear Sir, 

Looking back on the last 7 years, we have a lot to be thankful Ibl 
despite all our trials, but one thing we value most is your sympathcti 
understanding. Faced by shortage after shortage, we have tried tJ 
distribute what we had fairly. Often your share has looked ridiculouslj 
small, but you have accepted it with a kindly nod and tried to pacifj 
disappointed customers. Thank you. Now, at last, some products are ii 
fairly good supply : ALKA-ZAXE Compound, AN'USOL Suppositorid 
and Ointment, VERACOLATE Tablets, VEGANIX Tablets and 
a'\L-BIS-NATE Alkaline Powder. 1 

Of course, we cannot guarantee that no fresh shortage of ingredients a 
containers will hit any of these, but the present position is good, 
VINCE Powder is short at the moment, for lack of containers, bu 
that should soon be righted. The same applies to CAL-BIS-XATE 
AGAROL Compound is still terribly short. The chief trouble herei 
lack of mineral oil of sufficiently high quality. ] 
We will do all we can to meet your requirements and we do appreciate 
your unfailing co-operation. 

Yours faithfully, WILLIAM R. WARNER & CO. LTD. 



ALKA-ZAN E 
ANUSOL 
VERACOLATE 

VEGANIN 
CAL-BIS-NATE 
VINCE 
AGAROL 



POWER ROAD, CHISWICK, LONDON, W.4 



The Chemists' Standard 

GIBSON'S 
'MECCA' 

COUGH PASTILLES 




AAABV 



SERKS 



ROBERT GIBSON & SONS, LTD. 

MANCHESTER & LONDON 



CONTROL OF 
HEAD LICE 

Nit» and Head Lice csm now be dealt with 
quickly and economically without unpleasant 
evidence of treatment. 

An N.W.F. formuk oow bcinf used exten- 
sively by Public Health Authorities. 

»RAND 

MEDICATED (LETHANE) HAIR OIL N.W.F. 

InMCtlcId* for osntroi of NIo and Head Lk* 
★ 

•SEMFROLM* MEDICATED (LETHANE) HAIR OIL tS 
IN URGENT AND RAPIDLY INCREASING DEMAND 

Retail (2-oz.) I/I^d. including P.T. IIMM 
List 8/- doz. Packed in 2-dozen outers HHHBB 



STEMCO LTD., 128, Albert Street, London, N.W.I 
Aftna in Sr#— May Roberts (Ireland) Limited, Dublin 



•i 




SOUTH AFRICA 



iltwj 



JROU! 



For best possible service entrust the distribution of 
your pharmaceutical products to 

ALEX. LIPWORTH Ltd. 

1-3 DE VILLIERS ST., JOHANNESBURG 

DEPOTS THROUGHOUT THE UNION 

Laboratories in the same organisation are also available 
for Manufacturers of Pharmaceutical Proprietaries 

For particulars apply to: 

ANGLO-AFRICAN SHIPPING CO. (S.A.). LTD. 
99-100 Fenchurch Street, LONDON, E.C.3 

Telephone : ROYAL 8261 



14 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. \944> 



ISOCREME 

ABSORPTION BASE 

A neutral, non-ionising, pale and odourless cosmetic and 
ointment emulsifier producing stable water-in-oil emulsions 
resistant to acids, electrolytes, etc. 

Isocreme is a universal cream base in which may be incor- 
porated therapeutically valuable materials such as lecithin, 
vitamins, additional sterols (irradiated, for instance) hor- 
mones, carotene, penicillin and various extracts, and 
preserving all the therapeutic qualities of Lanolin. It can 
be used in large or small proportions in practically every 
type of cosmetic. 

CRODA LIMITED 



London Office 
29 BEDFORD CHAMBERS, 
COVENT GARDEN. W.C.2 
Tel.: TEMPLE BAR 2063 



Adnninistrative Office 

CRODA HOUSE, SNAITH, 
GOOLE, YORKS 

Telephone : SNAITH 77 (3 lines) 
Telegrams : CRODA. GOOLE 



Manchester Office 
74 CORPORATION ST., 

MANCHESTER 4 
Tel.: BLACKFRIARS 8015 




Dr. SPICER'S 

MALTOBAR 

(point-free) 

The Malt Chocolate with 
Calcium, Haemoglobin and 
Vitamin D having fine 
therapeutical properties 
and high food value 

Obtainable from 
Wholesale Chemists 

AFFINED BASIC 
CHEMICALS LTD 

259 ROMAN ROAD 
LONDON, E.2 

Telephon*: ADVanca 1103 
T«l«framt: BasicAlt, Beth, Lendea 



WILLIAM EDGE 6 SONS Ltd 

BOtTON ENGLAND 



■2^ 



December 21. If 46 



THI CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



15 



FOR Pt^OTECTlON 
;,GA1NST COLDS 





6 CAPSULES TAKEN OVER S DAYS GIVE 
MOST PEOPLE 3 MONTHS IMMUNITY 




PA.T.A. 



POCKET CALENDARS 
Placed on your counter these will pro- 
mote good sales. Supplies available on 
request. 
Sole Distributors : 
CHAS. F. THACKRAY LTD. 
Old Medical School. Park St. Leeds 1 
A product of SOUTIION LABORATORIES LTD., LOI^DO^, S.fV.15. 



COMPLETE COURSE 7/4 

Inclusive of Purchase Tax 
Trade Diiceunt 33\% 




D. DEVON, Manufacturers of ^ 

^DE VOX LILAC 

TALCUM POWDER 

Wish their friends at 
Home and Overseas a 

3lcrry Christmas 

and 

iiappff JSete Year 

^ 9 & 30 NORFOLK PLACE. LONDON. W.2. ^ 



It, 




E»ch otince contains a natural Vita- 
min B potency equivalent to that of 
25 mgm. Aneurin Hydrochloride, 
l*4mgm.ofRiboflavin,and S'6mgm. 
Nkotinic Acid. Each tablet con- 
ttlM 100 I.U. (ipprox.) Vitamin B,. 
lOOTAoLfcTS 3/Vd. bo tMDLtlSij3d. 
MAJtUrAOTORSD BT 

X LTD., n>iniT»oii. 



Compressed 
TABLET SERVICE 

WHOLESALE A EXPORT 

Reasonable eitlmates. 
Clients' own macerUI operated If desired. 

The... "~~ 
DALES ASPIRIN and TABLETING CO. 

Barrows Lane, STEETON, Yorks. 



\6 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28, 1946 



Pharmacist and psychologist — 
the Cht^mist is both. His cus- 
tomers'' purchases not only go 
into the medicine cupboard but 
sometimes give a glimpse of a 
skeleton there — troubles uhich 
the skill and wisdom of the 
Pharmacist does its best to 
overcome. 




Customers VWM^Mjl • • • here is the " Fussy " type. 



Nothing organically wrong but there will be if worrying about 
his health undermines his digestion. The treatment, as you know, 
is a course of Benger's Food. It will give him nourishment he 
can absorb without digestive strain. He will sleep better and rest 
both his digestion and his nerves. Customers like this are loath 

to believe that they are " ill " • • • but you can 

invariably sell them Benyer^s 



BENGER'S LTD., HOLMES r.HM'KI.. CHESHIRI 




December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



17 




Wc are now fully at your service for the 
highest quality — 

DRUGS — MEDICINAL EXTRACTS 
TINCTURES — ESSENTIAL OILS 
RESINS — POWDERED GUMS 



SraffflllenS 



FOUNDED il3J 



ItaFFORD ALLEN JiL SONS LTD. WHARF ROAD LONDON. N 1 Plu-nc: CLErkcnwcIl 1000 



TAS/.M. 184 b 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 




0^ 




Alt ^ 



PILLS 

CAPSULES 



,ETS 



50 rears 



It will pay you in price and quality to consult 
us about your requirements, Ths experience of 
over 50 years spent in specialist manufacturing 
enables us to render a service second to none 
whether to your private formulae or to one 
supplied by us, whether delivered ready packed 
or in bulk, whether for Home or Overseas clients- 



HOWARD UOYD&C°t ' 

WHOLESALE MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS 

Home and Export 

LEICESTER 



■December 28. 19-16 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



you should Sell 

WANDER 

— ^— BRAND — - 

M ALT k COP LIVER OIL 




OF UNSURPASSED QUALITY 

' I ^ H E' supreme pharmaceutical excel- 
lence of Wander Brand Malt Extract 
and Cod Liver Oil, the outstanding pre- 
paration of its kind, has for many years 
been widely recognised by physicians. 
The Cod Liver Oil used is the best obtain- 
able and the malt extract is specially 
prepared by A. Wander Ltd., who art 
probably the world's largest producers of 
medicinal malt extract and are leading 
authorities upon its manufacture. These 
two ingredients are combined in the 
proportions most generally required by 
the medical profession. 
Both in its attractive appearance and 
toffee-like flavour. Wander Brand Malt 
Extract and Cod Liver Oil is readily 
acceptable to children and adults. In 
every respect it is a product which the 
pharmacist can recommend with the 
fullest confidence. 

On the P.A.T.A.* 
Wholesale Prices: 1 lb. Jars 18/9; 2 lb. Jars 35/ 6 
Exempt from Purchase Tax 
Retail Prices: 1 lb. Jar^ 2/-; 2 lb. Jars 3/10^ 





WESTMINSTER LABORATORIES LTD. 

CHALCOT ROAD. LONDON. N.W.I. Telephone: PRIMROSE 3395 6,7 



22 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28, 1946 





(GT. BRITAIN) (/ LIMITED 

LARGEST SURGICAL DRESSING MANUFACTURERS 
IN THE WORLD 

Makers of the famous 'ELASTIKON" elastic adhesive bandages 
and plasters, 'Zo' plasters, ' band-aid ' adhesive dressings, 
N.H.I, dressings, 'NEAT-ECGE' non-fray v^'.O.w. bandages, 
suspensory bandages, crepe bandages, fairlie' cotton wool. 
Red Chain and all B.P.C. and hospital quality dressings. 

jOHNSON & JOHNSON (GT. BRITAIN) LIMITED 

SLOUGH. BUCKS and GARGRAVE. YORKS. 
Associated Companies : 

JOHN<^ON & JOHNSON, New Brunswick. U.S.A. 
JOI-NSCN & JOhNSON DE ARGENTINA. Buenos Aires 
JOHNSON & JOhNSON. Chicago, U.S.A. 
JOHNSON & JOHNSON LTD.. Montreal, Canada 
JOHNSON & JOHNSON (l-elrnd) L"D., Dublin 
JOhNSON & JOHN ON DE MEXICO CITY 

JOHNSON & JOh NSON (Proprietai y) LTD., East London. S, Africa 
JOHN. ON & JOI-NSON Pty., LID., Sydney. Australia 



i 



Wholesalers 



and 

Sundriesmen 

are invited to apply for 
our New 

PRICE 

LIST and HANDBOOK 

covering a wide range of 

PRODUCTS ESSENTIAL 

TO THE 

CHEMISTS' SUNDRIES AND 
HAIRDRESSING TRADES 

LOUIS MAURICE AND COMPANY LIMITED 

80, ISLINGTON HIGH ST., LONDON. N.I 




GREY HAIR POMADE 

^ Combined ^ ^SS^ ^ Tin ^ccellefff" 

Dressing M^^^^ Honic 
for The -Hair, ^^^pj for the Scalp. 

S.SIGAL & CO LTD 

MANUFACTUReffS OF EXCLUSIVE TOILET PfiSPARATIOKS 
TA B E R N AC LE S T. , L O N D O N . E .C J 



SPONGES 

★ SHIPNIEXTS NOW TO HAND OF 
HONEYCOMB AND TURKEY 
SPONGES. FOR ALL PURPOSES 
IN TOILET AND INDUSTRIAL USE 

Prices on Application. Deliveries ex Stock. 

M. L. BENJAMIN & CO. 

45 OSWALD STREET, GLASGOW, C.l 

Tel. No. CENtral 5721 



■ December 28, 1946 THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGlSr 23 



ANNOIINCEIVIENT 



AS FROM 1st JANUARY. 1947 

the address of the 

IMTEMATIOMI CHEMICAL 
COMPANY LTD. 

will be 

CHEKIES STREET, IMUt W.C.I 



PLEASE NOTE 

new telephone number 

MUSEUM 8080 

(10 LINES) 



24 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



Decemoer 28. 1946 



POND'S 

NEW PRICES 

From January 1st, 1947, the prices of 
Pond's Creams and Face Powder will be 
increased. Prices for Pond's medicinal 
lines remain unchanged. New prices* for 
Pond's Creams and Powders are as follows : 



OLD PRICE 



lOid. 



NEfi PRICE 
{including Purchase Tax) 



- - - - 1/2 

1/9 - - - - - 2/21 

2/2i 2/71 

4/4| 5 '3 

8/9 10 6 



POND'S EXTRACT CO.. LTD 

PERIVALE : GREENFORD • MIDDLESEX 




1 



Dec«mb€f 28. 1946 THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 




CONTINUOU^^ARCH 

SOLID — POWDERED — GRANULATED 
—RETAIN THE FRESHNESS AND FULL THERAPEUTIC 

VALUE OF THE DRUG. 
—PREPARED AND STANDARDISED UNDER PHARMACEU- 
TICAL CONTROL. 

POTTER & CLARKE LTD. 

60-64 ARTILLERY LANE, LONDON, E.I 
77 DANTZIC STREET. MANCHESTER 



Z6 



IMfc CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28, 1946 



POST-WAR MARKET NEWS 

summarising post-war opportunities, special notices, new packaging aiid new products 



THERE 15 NOT SUFFICIENT 



FAMOUS 
MALTED 
MILK 




FOR ALL THE PEOPLE 
WHO WANT IT 
Our policy therefore is to distribute 
all available supplies to our Chemist 

Friends only 
In one popular size only at present 

2/3 

J. A J. BEAULAH LIMITED, 
BOSTON, LINCS. 





Eau de Cologne 

and Beaaty Aids 

BLUE AND GOLD LABEL 

MADE IN ENGLAND 

M m^mtrtts to: — 

fL J. REUTER COMPANY, LTD. 
"47 W FACTORY, SLOUGH, BUCKS 



Raw Materials 



ALL GRADES FOR ALL TRADES 

Including Manufacturing Chemists, Food- 
stuffs, Mineral Water, Bakery and 
Confectionery, Leather, Textile, Paf>er, 
Laundry and Dry Cleaning. Cosmetics 
and Perfumery. 



HIGHEST QUALITY GUARANTEED 



The Faylene Manufacturing Co: 

IS QUEENS COURT, LOWER BRIGGATE. 
LEEDS. I 



Phon« 



LEEDS 22S94 



HALMACOM 



tr%nd 



Tkbleu 



AIDS 
MALNUTRITION 

Nature's 
Cell Nutrient 
Write for NEW Showcant 

4-Tube Box 3/1 1^ 

15 11/10 

(Including Purchase Tax) 
Sole Distributors : 

MARSHALL'S PROPRIETARIES LTD. 

127-133 HIGH ST.. CROYDON. S.W 



A reputation for reliability . . , 

ALL COTTON WOOL 

SANI-TOTTELS 

" mtk th* toft ttamhtt knitted covering " 
SIZES I, 2, 3 AND MATERNITY also 
'KUMFEX' SOLUBLE (all with loop ends) 
•ifSupplie$ un/orturmUly rtttrieted at prtitnt 

SPLENDOR LTD. Nottingham « London 



Dr. KNOX'S 

RAPID 



COLD CURE 



8oz. Retail 1/6 including Tax. 

NOW IN GOOD SUPPLY 
1 dozen - 10 - per dozen 
3 dozen - 9 6 
12 dozen - 9 • „ „ 
Plus ^ Tax P.A.T.A. 



JOHN KNOX 

(Stoke-on-Trent) Ltd., (Midland) Ltd.. 

Cannon Street, Hanley. 36/38 Dean Street, 

Stoke-on-Trent Birmingham S 



December 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



27 



O BBMBMBSa 



1ICAMIDE' 

MM* 

i N J E C TI O IS OF NIKETHAMIDE 

The well-known stimulant and restorative properties of 
* Nicamide ' make it an important item in the physician's 
emergency bag. Professional demands are frequent and 
often urgent — check your stocks regularly and see that 
your dispensing department is always ready to fill 
immediate requirements. 



» NICAMIDE' Injection of Nikethamide 

2 c.c. ampoules, in boxes of 6, 25 and 100 
5 c.c. ampoules, in boxes of 6 and 100 

Also available : 

* NICAMIDE ' Solution of Nikethamide {/or oral admintstranon) 

MANO 

Bottles of 15 c.c. (with pipette) and 100 c.c. 




BllRROlGlIS WEllf OME & CO, 

( T H S WELLCOME F 0 C S D A T I 0 N LTD.: 

10\D0\ 

NEW YORK 
SHANGHAI 



ASSOCIATED HOUSES: 
CAPB TOWN BOMBAY 



MONTREAL SYDNBT 
BUENOS AIRES CAIBO 



28 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28, 1946 



OXOID 




0X0 LABORATORY PREPARATIONS 



(T.».> 




IP.A.T.A.I 



"MED I LAX" 

Tr*4* Mtrk mi%M4 

Laxative Pellets 
Meeting the need lor something more 
persuasive than ordinary laxatives, 
"Mediiax" is imperative writhout 
being discomforting and, unlike dras- 
tic purgatives, does not induce a sub- 
sequent state of constipation which 
is often more acute than the first. 

"Dr. JENNER'S 

ABSORBENT LOZENGES" 

Tr.<(. M.,k Digestive Tablets 
Famous for 150 years for indigestion. 

"MORYL" 

Carbacho' 

Powerful parasympathetic stimulant. 

AMPOULES 3-10- 100 TABLETS 20-50-250 



TETRONOX" 



Reliable hypnotic and sedative. 

10 & 100 TABLETS 

MARTINDALE 

"ESTP** 

Trs<1« Mark Br»>4 

Ether-Soluble Tar Paste 

An advance in coal tar therapy. Of 
particular value in eczema in its 
varied forms. 3-o«. and \6-oz. 

MARTINDALE 

"STERULES" 

Tn4t ll*rk Bru4 

Wide range of products for injection. 
SQUIBB 

••QUINOLOR" 

Compound Ointment 

Tissue-repair promoting Antiseptic. 

l-oz. and 16-oz. 

Full details on request to : — 

Savory & Moore Ltd. 

Chemists to The King 

Lawrence Road, Tottenham, N.I 5 
or Wm. Martlndale. 50 Wigmore Streec. W.I 



MORMONES 

OESTRIN 

,..,ca..ons: Mencp-use^ ^e...^ 
^ es- Uten ne Inertia; Am.norrhCM. ^'^nX^i ^ 
! V..lv« • Suppression of Ladation. 

STILBOESTROL 



Tablets: 0.5 mg., 10 mg. »nd 5.0 mg. 
Ampoulei: I.O »nd 5.0 mg. 



PROGESTERONE 



Indicalior 



Habitual Abortion; Menorrhag. 

hage; Oysmenorrhoea; i 



FU^idlS^terine Hsmorri 
Toxaemia of Pregnancy. 

Ampoules: I.0mg.,2.0m9. .nd 5.0 mg 



^'PITOXYLIN" 
PITUITARY EXTRACT (P.U 

^'"^rL^Lr Ut -iner^a; Post Partuml 
l5i^S::e:Sc^S.oc.;0,abe.es.ns.p...| 

Ampo.l.> S. 10 ..J !0 I.U. 



ADRENALIN 



Useful for the Ireatn 
Tonsililis; Hay Fever 
Shock; etc. 

5olu.,on. I.n 100 and 1.0 .000 



ent of Aslhma; Epistaxi 
. lofluenial Crisis; Surgical 



Ampoulcj; I 'OOI^j 



OXO LIMITED 

THAMES HOUSE, LONDON, E.C.4 



Chemiat and Druggiit 



December 28. l'.i J6 



HEMiST ^Druggist 

For RETAILER — WHOLESALER — MANUFACTURER 
iblished weekly at 28 ESSEX STREET, STRAND, LONDON, W.C.2 

Tthtrams: " CHEMICUS. ESTRAND LONDON." Tel^ooe : CENTRAL 4J6J {\0 //>»«) 



CONTENTS 



Backward Glance at 1946 in Pictures 851 


NEW YEAR GREETINGS FROM 




Business Changes 


... 838 


THE DRUG TRADE 


852 


Business Queries and Answers 


... 868 


Origins of C.F 


844 


Chemists' Federation 


... 863 


Overseas Trade News 


867 


Coming of Age Dinner (Picture) 


... 837 


Pharmaceutical Society of Northern 




Company News 


... 838 


Ireland: Council Meeting ... 


859 


Correspondence 


... 866 


Photographic Film Prices 


843 


Crossword Solution ... 


... 860 


Picture of C.F. Badge and Chain ... 


841 


Deaths 


... 843 


Prescription Problem Solution 


860 


Editorial Articles: — 




P. A. T. A 


841 


The Title " Chemist " in S. Afr 


ca 849 


Recent Research 


845 


Heredity and Environment ... 


... 861 


Topical Reflections ... 


839 


Information Wanted ... 


... 848 


Trade Marks ... 


870 


Irish News 


... 837 


Trade Notes 


840 


Legal Reports 


... 843 


Trade Report 


864 


Miscellaneous Inquiries 


... 869 


Wills 


842 


News of the Week 


... 835 


Yorkshire Doctors' Bills Circa 1700 


847 


NEWS 


OF 


THE WEEK 





British Pharmaceutical Conference. — 

plications for hotel accommodation dur- 
the Briti.sh Pharmaceutical Conference 
ich is to be held at Torquay on Septem- 
1947 (see C. & D., December 14, 
777) should be made to Mr. L. W. 
vies, 46 Fleet Street, Torquay, 

Import of Goose Skins. — Applications 
licences to import dressed goose skins 
France should be made not later than 
kember 31, on tlie usual form obtainable 
km tlie Import Licensing Department, 
jard of Trade, 189 Regent Street, Lon- 
|n, W.I. Applications, which should refer 
Notice to Importers No. 227, will be 
isidered only from pre-war importers. 

|Corre$pondence with Germany. — Writ- 
communication about commercial, fin- 
rial or other matters to any person in 
|rmany is now permitted under a licence 
led by the Board of Trade by arrange- 
|nt witli the Postmaster General (S.R. & 
1946, No. 2089). The licence does not 
thorise the resumption of private trade, 
no goods or payments may be obtained 



from or supplied to any person resident or 
carrying on business in Germany. 

Goods Vehicle Licence Duties. — A new 

taxation step in licence duties at 16 cwt. 
has been introduced for lightweight goods 
vehicles at proportionate rates between the 
12 cwt. and i-ton steps. For example, the 
duty on a " general purposes " goods veliicle 
weighing 15 cwt. is now £12 los. instead 
of £15. Licences for the vehicles affected 
should be obtained from local taxation 
offices and not renewed at post offices. 
Details are obtainable from post offices. 

Separation of Isotopes. — Professor 
Harold C. Urcy (Institute of Nuclear 
Studies. University of Chicago), delivering 
the eleventh Liversidge lecture on " Some 
Problems in the Separation of Isotopes," 
to the Chemical Society in London on De- 
cember 18. dealt with the mathematical 
problems involved in the distribution func- 
tions, and vapour pressures of isotopic 
molecules. He mentioned the use of non- 
radioactive isotopes in biological investiga- 
tions. Professor C. N. Hinshelwood. 
F.R.S. (president) was in the chair. 



836 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



Call for Lower Taxation. — Sir Arnold 
Gridley (president, Association of British 
Chambers of Commerce), in a letter to the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer recently, 
urged that a Cabinet Committee should 
make a ruthless review of all Government 
services and prune all unnecessary adminis- 
trations. The letter also suggested a num- 
ber of ways in which direct taxation could 
be reduced. One suggestion was that the 
scheme of depreciation allowances begun by 
the Income Tax -Act, 1945, to encourage re- 
equipment of industrial buildings and plant 
should be extended to cover *' all premi.ses 
used for business purposes, such as ware- 
houses, offices, shops, and hotels." A memo- 
randum placed before the Prime Minister 
recently by the National Union of Manu- 
facturers urged an immediate investigation 
into the functions and methods of Govern- 
ment departments in order to eliminate any 
unnecessary activity and to suggest changes 
which would lead to economies in the use 
of manpower. The memorandum stated 
that the personnel of the Civil Service was 
well over 700,000 at an annual cost ap- 
proaching £400,000,000. The Prime Min- 
ister, in a reply to the memorandum, said 
the present position was largely due to the 
overlap in departmental duties between the 
residue of war services and the restoration 
and development of peace-time services. 

Battery Prices. — The Board of Trade 
has issued an Order (S.R. & O. 1946, No. 
2100) fixing manufacturers', wholesalers' 

and retailers' maximum 

prices (exclusive of pur- 
chase tax, if any) for 
home-produced dry bat- 
teries (see table). For 
the purposes of the Order, 
batteries are divided into 
two classes: Class A, bat- 
teries manufactured by 
Alpha Accessories, Ltd., 
Britannia Batteries, Ltd., 
A. C. Cossor, Ltd., 
Chloride Electric Storage 
Co., Ltd., The Ever Ready 
Co. (Great Britain), Ltd., 
The General Electric Co., 
Ltd., The Gramophone 
Co., Ltd., Invicta Radio, 
Ltd., Marconiphone Co., 
Ltd., Oldham & Son. Ltd., 
Pye, Ltd., Siemens Bros., 
& Co., Ltd., Sterling Bat- 
teries, Ltd., and Vidor, 
Ltd. ; Class B, other bat- 
teries. The order came 
into force on December 23 



LOCAL NEWS 

Edinburgh Fire. — A fire broke out 
the premises of Duncan, Flockhart & C( 
Ltd., Edinburgh, recently, destroying 
quantity of stramonium herbs and damagii 
some drying trays. 

Bath Social Evening. — Bath Branch 

the Pharmaceutical Society recently ente 
tained members and their friends at a soci 
evening. The programme included quiz 
and a conjuring display. Mr. C. H. Jam 
welcomed the visitors and Mr. E. T. Kin 
ston performed the duties of master of cer 
monies. 

Lecture on Aseptic Technique. — M 

T. D. Whittet, Ph.C. (chief pharmaci; 
Charing Cross Hospital), addressed a mee 
ing of the West Ham and East Metropoliti 
Branch of the Pharmaceutical Society he 
recently at Ilford on " Aseptic Techniqi 
in Dispensing." The lecture was illustrate 
by exhibits and practical demonstratior 
Mr. W. H. Cloud presided, and a vote • 
thanks to the speaker was proposed by M 
G. P. Bowen, Forest Gate. 

" Awkward Prescriptions." — Aw! 

ward Prescriptions was the title of a 
address given by Mr. M. S. Maconoch 
at a recent meeting of the Dundee Bram 
of the Pharmaceutical Society. Under tl 
National Health Service, he said, the; 
would be a growing tendency for chemist 
work to become more pharmaceutical an 
less like that of an ordinary shopkeepe 





Cl/\ss A 


' Class B 




Maximum 


Manufac- 


Whole- 


Maximui 


Type of Battery 


retail 


turers' 


salers" 


retail.. 




selling 


maximum 


maximum 


sellind 




price per 


price per 


price per 


price pi 




battery 


dozen 


dozen 


batterj 




d. 


s. 


d. 


s. 


d. 


d. 


Bijou 


4 


■2 


lO.^ 


3 


4 


4i 


Large unit single cell 


4 




8l 


3 


2 \ 


4i 


Large unit 2 cell . . 


8 


5 


5 


6 


4 


9 ' 


Medium or baby 














single cell 


3 1 








7 


3i ] 


Mfdiimi or bab\- 














2 cell 


6 


-4 


4 


3 


0 


7 J 


Standard flat battery 


7 


4 


8 


5 


6 


7^1 


Fountain pen single 














cell 


2 


I 


3 


I 




2 1 


Fountain pen 2 cell 


4 




6 




1 1 


4 1 


Large twin cell cycle 














lamp battery 


10 


6 


6 


7 


6 





December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



837 



.r. A. R. Lowson presided, and a vote of 
tanks was proposed by Mr. T. Neilson, 
jrth. 

Manchester Dunce und Whist Drive. 

dance organised recently by the Junior 
-anch of the Manchester Pharmaceutical 
ssociation and the Manchester Branch of 
le Guild of Public Pharmacists raised more 
|an £30 for the Pharmaceutical Society's 
'nevolent Fund. .\t a whist drive organ- 
id by the ladies' connnittee of the Junior 
-anch, thr following were prizewinners : 
|rs. J. G. Grosslcy, Miss B. Ridings, Mrs. 

R. Walmsley, Mr. H. Steinman, Mi. 
|att and Miss Sharrice. 
New Union Su^ficsted. — At a iccent 
,'eting of the Slough Branch of the Phar- 
iceutical Society, Mr. I'l. P. Elliot in the 
|air, the following resolution was carried : 
'hat tliis meeting is of tlie opinion that 
mion of all employed pharmacists, other 
in members of the Guild of Public 
[armacists, should be sponsored immedi- 
'ly by the National Pharmaceutical 
|iion in order to secure complete repre- 
itation of qualified pharmacists through- 
the country ; further, that representa- 
i of this employed pharmacists' union 
lich would liave its own executive), of 
N.P.U. and of the Guild of Public 
larmacists should be formed into a nat- 
lal body able to speak for and act on 
[lalf of pharmacists as a whole. " 

'alks to Wnlthnmstow Chemists.Mi . 

. Willcocks presided over a recent meet- 
of the Walthamstow Phamiaceutical 
lociation, at which members heard tliree 
irt talks. Mr. W. S. Kine: (a nx-mbrr of 



Council, Registcied Phaniiacists" Union; 
described the formation of the R.P.U. 
which, he said, hoped to represent all 
j)harmacists in their professional capacity, 
and would represent employee pharmacists 
in the way described in Mr. H. N. Lin- 
stead's recent address " The Next Ten 
\'ears " (se«' C & D., November 30, p. 714). 
Mr. H. L. Moppett, in a talk entitled 
Pharmacy .Afloat," described his experi- 
<'nces as a i)harmacist in the Royal Navy 
on a hospital ship whicii had been 
" adopted " by the Pliarmaceutical Society. 
Mr. S. T. James spoke on window dressing, 
illustrating his talk with pliotographs of 
successful displays. Mr. James had won 
£323 in window dressing competitions. 

IRISH NEWS 

Streptomycin by Air.— The first batch 
of streptomycin to be commercially avail- 
able in Europe was delivered in Dublin 
by Parke, Davis & Go. on December i i by 
air fiom Detroit. U.S.A. Its distribution 
will be controlled, it is understood, by the 
Medical Research Council of Eire. 

Dublin Benevolent Fund Dance. -TJie 
annual dance in aid of the Benevolent Fund 
of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 
was lield in Dublin recently. During the 
evening a C'hristmas hamper was raffled 
under the direction of Mr. P. G. Redmond, 
who acted as master of ceremonies. Mrs. 
Whelehan performed the ceremony of draw- 
ing the ticket of the winner. Mr. T. J. 
Gleeson was chairman of the connnittee 
which arranged tlie dance. Many leading 
hgures in Irish pharmacy were present 



COMINC-OF-AGE DINNER.— 
Group photographed at the 
twenty-first anniversary cele- 
bration dinner of the Pharma- 
ceutical Society of Northern 
Ireland. Left to right: Mr. 
E. W. Scales, C.B.E. (Permanent 
Secretary, Minister of Health 
and Local Government), Mrs. 
Parker; Rt. Hon. William 
Grant (Minister of Health and 
Local Government); Mr. j. W. 
Gray, J. P. (President of the 
Society): Mr. G. R. Knox- 
Mawer (President. Pharmaceu- 
tical Society of Great Britain); 
Dr. J. Boyd (Chief Medical 
Officer, Ministry of Health and 
Local Government); and Mr. 
William Gorman (secretary of 
the Society). 



838 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



COMPANY NEWS 



BiLTON Pharmacy^ Ltd. (P.C.). — Capital 
£i,ooo. To carry on the business of chem- 
ists, etc. Cecilia Paul, M.P.S., George D. 
Copley and Gwladys Copley, directors. 
R.O. : I02 Bishopsgate, London, E.C.2. 

Wallace Prino, Ltd. (P.C.). — Capital 
£5,000. To carry on business of consulting 
analytical, manufacturing, pharmaceutical 
and general chemists, etc. William Wallace 
Pring and Mrs. Daisy Pring, directors. 
R.O' : 7 High Street, Bromley, Kent. 

Henry H. Butterfield, Ltd. (P.C.). — 
Capital £2,500. To carry on business of 
manufacturers of and dealers in chemicals, 
medicines, soaps, toilet requisites, etc. H. 
H. Butterfield and H. E. Butterfield, direc- 
tors. R.O. : 55 Sotheron Road, Watford. 

W. C. Harris, Ltd. (P.C.).— Capital 
£3,000. To carry on the business of retail 
and wholesale chemists and druggists, etc. 
Alice K. Harris, Peter G. Harris and Wil- 
liam K. Southgate, directors. R.O. : 220 
Hither Green Lane, London, S.E.13. 

C. W. Robertson, Ltd. (P.C.).— Capital 
£3,000. To carry on the business of con- 
sulting, analytical, manufacturing, pharma- 
ceutical and general chemists, etc. Charles 
B. Robertson and Charles W. Robertson, 
directors. R.O. : Mill Road, Cranfield, nr. 
Bletchley, Bucks, 

New North (Chemists), Ltd. (P.C). — 
Capital £2,000. To acquire the business 
of chemists and druggists carried on by 
Bewells, Ltd., at 65 New North Road, Lon- 
don, N.I. Harold W. Middleton, Mrs. M. 
Middleton and Margaret Middleton, direc- 
tors. 

A. R. Cross (Edmonton), Ltd. (P.C). — 
Capital £2,000. To acquire the business 
of chemists and druggists lately carried on 
by Pages Drug Stores, Ltd., at 243 Hertford 
Road, Edmonton, N. Arthur R. Cross and 
Douglas G. Cross, directors. R.O. : 476 
Hertford Road, Enfield Highway, London, 
N.I. 

Bloomfield Pharmacy (R. J. 
McCotter), Ltd. (P.C). — Registered in 
Belfast. Capital £4,000. To acquire the 
business of a chemist carried on by George 
H. Orr at 381 Beersbridge Road, Belfast. 
Robert J. McCotter and John C. McCotter, 
directors. R.O. : 381 Beersbridge Road, 
Belfast. 

Hasler Enterprise Co., Ltd. (P.C). — 
Capital £10,000. To acquire tlie business 
carried on at 5 Moor Street, Luton, as the 



"Hasler Enterprise Co.," by John R. Hasle 
and in particular the recipes and full ir 
formation as to the process of manufactur 
and the right to manufacture and deal i 
" Haslerone Liquid Bleach and Bleac 
Powder " and " Haslcramone Liquid Shan 
poos." John R. Hasler and Mrs. Ev 
Hasler, directors. R.O. : 5 Moor Stree 
Luton. 

Gui, Ltd. (P.C). — Capital £5,000. T 
carry on the business of manufacturers an 
vendors of and dealers in cosmetics, toih 
and medicinal preparations and requisite 
including face and other creams, etc. ; an 
in particular to acquire the services of Gu 
Tebbitt of Lewes, together with his coi 
nexions in the home and export markets 
acquire and establish a factory for the pr( 
duction and manufacture of goods for th 
home and export market, and to manufac 
ture and pack branded and other goods fc 
the Blue Mask and Temu Products, Ltd 
and for Caria Radium, Ltd., and any oth( 
company or firm. Raphael R. O'Reilley 
Kabalkin, Guy Tebbitt and Ra\Tnind 
Kabalkin, directors. R.O. : 3 Mill Stree 
London, W. i. 



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Idris, Ltd. — Directors' report for th 
year ended October 31 records a net profi" 
after charging debenture interest and prc[ 
viding for depreciation and taxation, Ci 
£10,461 (against £4,787). This, with bai 
ance brought from last year, makes a tola 
of £10,821. It is recommended to pay, 0 
A preference shares, 6 per cent. ; on B prel 
erence shares, 7 per cent. ; on A ordinar 
shares, 10 per cent. ; on B ordinary share; 
10 per cent.; on founders' shares, 5 pe 
cent., all less income tax, leaving a balanc pulilieEci 
to carry forward, after a transfer of £2.50 
to reserve for equalisation of dividends, 0 
£71 (£360). Two directors, Messrs. Ivo 
I. Idris and Claude W. Moat, retire am 
are eligible for re-election. 



BUSINESS CHANGES 

The Mentholatum Co., Ltd., have re 
turned to Slough Trading Estate, Buck 
(Telephone: Slough 2-^341). , 

Mr. W. H. Green. M.P.S., has acquirec 
the pharmacy at 7 Humber Road, Bla( 
heath, London, S.E.3. formerly carried 1 
by Mr. E. Oswald Wells, M.P.S. 

The Fine Chemical Export Gro' 
ceases to function on December 31. AnJ 
inquiries should be addressed to the "Associa 
tion of British Chemical Manufacturers, i6( 
Piccadilly. London, W.i. 



i 



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December 28 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



839 



TOPICAL REFLECTIONS 



'owards the New Year 

Once again it is my pleasant task to send 
New Year greeting to readers of The 
Jhemist and Druggist. " The web of 
)ur life is of a mingled yarn, good and ill 
together ;" and the verdict of most of us on 
the past year, if asked for, would be, I 
hink, that the ill of life lias outweighed 
[he good. Many have been the disappoint- 
lents of busy people who had hoped to 
|:hange entirely the conditions enforced 
ipon them by the stress of war. Yet the 
mtlook is not altogether gloomy: among 
[•ecent news is a comment from France ex- 
)ressing admiration of tiie reaction of the 
^ritisli people to their difTicultics. Turning 
from general considerations, I may indicate 
|hree of the problems most likely to occupy 
)rominent places in your columns during 
Ihe next twelve months. First in the 
Ihoughts of many comes the National 
Health Service. Whatever may be the out- 
lome of the present disagr(^ements between 
Ihe Ministry of Health and the medical pro- 
jession, chemists in business must beware of 
)eing placed in a position like that of 19 12. 
second problem may be the constitution 
the Pharmaceutical Society, revision of 
•hich is in the air: this will call for states- 
manship. A third problem is the better 
organisation of employees in the wholesale, 
;tail and hospital services, a problem that 
Has so far received much discussion but 
ittle unanimity of purpose. In the back- 
[round of these important subjects is a 
;gacy from the war in the form of Govern- 
lent control, very slowly growing less. 

public Economy Urged 

Two reasoned pronouncements have re- 
;ntly been sent, one to the Prime Minister 
|nd the other to the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, urging a policy of substantial 
iduction in Government staffs and adminis- 
trative expenditure (p. 836). One of these 
[ocuments was prepared by the National 
Tnion of Manufacturers, representing a 
lembership of about 4,000. This memo- 
indum expressly disclaimed criticism of 
lermanent Civil servants ; though, it may 
je added, one sometimes wonders what a 
lot inconsiderable percentage of the 
loo, 000, employed at an annual cost of 
|early £400 million, are doing in their 
Ice hours. The cost of local government 
of course, an additional drain on the 
)untry's resources. The proportion of the 
[^orking population absorbed in the national 
Iministration is estimated at 4 per cent, at 



least. The other document referred to is 
a statement by the Association of British 
CUiambers of Commerce, and approaches 
the same subject from the angle of taxation. 
Justification for a demand for lower taxes 
is found, the Association claims, in " the 
imperative need of stimulation." A de- 
tailed scheme of reduced rates for taxes is 
presented for the Chancellors considera- 
tion : among the practical suggestions is 
that the scheme of depreciation allowances 
begun by the Income Tax Act of 1945 
should be developed. The standing of the 
two bodies named is a sufficient guarantee 
of the significance of their remarks. 

Recipes for Gentlemen 

The issue of " The Gentleman's Maga- 
zine " for December 1746 is distinguished 
by its generous allowance of recipes. 
Though I have not measured the space 
allotted to them, it is obviously greater than 
the space the obliging Mr. Urban, the 
editor, normally favoured his readers with. 
.About half of these recipes describe treat- 
ments for an epidemic of what was called 
distemper in cattle, a disorder of the period 
referred to in this section some weeks ago. 
A few of the recipes may be quoted: (i) 
Four ounces of tar daily as a prophylactic ; 
(2) four ounces of sodium sulphate on each 
of three mornings ; (3) caraway seed, white 
wine and honey ; (4) whale oil and treacle, 
of each a pint, flowers of sulphur 4 oz. ; (5) 
whiting I lb., Armenian bole 2 oz., Venice 
treacle i oz., English malt spirits | pint. 
The application of warm vinegar and salt 
to the nostrils on an affected animal is 
paralleled by a treatment for a " green " 
wound in human subjects. The lotion for 
this consisted of white wine, vinegar and 
salt: if the wound was deep, the patient 
was to make "dosils" (now spelt "dossils"), 
cover with a compress, and replace with 
plaster when the flesh had " grown up." 
An unusual feature of this issue of the mag- 
azine is a list of about 160 ailments in 
which tar water was alleged to have been 
successful. That remedy was, it will be 
remembered, the panacea of Bishop 
Berkeley. Finally, for " the most inveter- 
ate rheumatism " the sufferer was directed 
to take " 6 lb. of the lean part of the round 
. . . of the best beef you can get," season 
with garlic, cover with dougli, stew for 
twenty-four hours, and- then drink the 
liquor in doses of " half a naggin," presmn- 
ably giving the solid residue to the family 
dog or cat Xrayser 



840 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



TRADE NOTES 



December 28. 1946 



Baby Foods Reminder. — To make it 
easier for chemists to supply Ostermilk 
only to bona-fide users, the manufacturers, 
Glaxo Laboratories, Ltd., Greenford, 
Middlesex, have brought out a small show- 
card requesting custamers to produce a 
baby's green ration book when buying. 

Vitamin Chocolate. — Codella-Seltzer, 
Ltd., Aberdeen, announce that they have 
taken Counsel's opinion on whether Codella 
vitamin chocolate may be supplied points- 
free. His view is that the preparation may 
be sold free of points only on the prescrip- 
tion of a medical practitioner. 

New and Reintroduced Goods. — P. B. 

Cow & Co., Ltd., 12 Hay Hill, Berkeley 
Square, London, W.i, announce that their 
surgical goods in rubber will again be avail- 
able early in 1947 together with a number 
of new items, details of which are given in 
the company's announcement on another 
page. 

Bronchial Mixture for Diabetics. — Ashley 
& Weeks, Ltd., Mitcham Road, London, 
S.W.17, have introduced a bronchial mix- 
ture for diabetic patients, the advantage of 
which is that it can be taken without dis- 
turbance of the metabolic balance. For- 
mula, dosage and trade terms are given in 
the company's announcement on another 
page of this issue. 

Washing Powder. — Leda washing pow- 
der, issued by Leda Chemicals, Ltd., 94. 
Archway Road, London. N.19, is described 
as " a modern scientific detergent with 
amazing cleansing properties." It is suit- 
able for use with all fabrics, and eliminates 
boiling and scrubbing ; it is also suitable 
for washing-up and general housework. The 
product is available exclusively through 
wholesalers. 

Five-day Week. — Burroughs Wellcome 
& Co., London, N.W.i, announce the 
adoption of a five-day week for their Lon- 
don offices and warehouse, commencing 
January i, 194.7. Until further notice, an 
emergency staff will be in attendance on 
Saturday mornings at 12 Red Lion Square. 
W.C.I (Telephone: Chancery 6621) from 
9 a.m. until i2..'^o p.m., to deal with urgent 
orders. 

Adrenaline Tartrate Solution. — De- 
mands for a solution of adrenaline tartrate, 
voiced from many quarters following a 
paper by G. B. West on the stability of 
solutions of adrenaline tartrate given at the 
British Pharmaceutical Conference, 1945, 



have prompted Pharmaceutical Specialities 
(May & Baker), Ltd., Dagenham, to intro 
duce a solution of the salt in boxes of six 
i-c.c. ampoules and in containers of i fl. oz 
Hormone with Sedative. — G. W, Carn- 
rick Co., Newark, N.J., U.S.A.. are issuing 
compressed tablets each containing three 
mgm. dihydrodiethy/stilboestrol and 20 
mgm. phenobarbitone. Marketed under 
the trade mark Thelestrol the tablets are 
intended for use in menopausal syndrome 
and are supplied in bottles of fifty and 100. 
The sole distributors in Great Britain and 
Eire are Brooks & Warburton, Ltd.. Lon- 
don, S.W.I. 

Twin Roll Mill. — The Boyd-Nornian 
Manufacturing Corporation. Norwich 
House, Southampton Place, London, 
W.C.I, are manufacturers of the Minimill, 
a " twin roll mill " which can be used for 
grinding, refining and blending rough wet 
mixtures such as ointments, pastes, etc 
The mill is obtainable with either hand or 
motor drive and is specially suitable 
for sampling, testing and small-scale 
production. 

Exhibition in Amsterdam. — .\rrange- 
ments have been completed for an exhibi- 
tion of British products to be held at the 
Victoria Hotel, Amsterdam, about the 
middle of February 1947. The Council of 
Industrial Design has promised full co- 
operation, and part of the Exhibition will 
be reserved for the Council under the name 
" Britain Can Make It."" Inquiries should 
be addressed to Mr. S. H. Hartog, 9 Rad- 
nor Lodge, Sussex Place, London, W.2. 

Seasonal Greetings. — The following adi' 
vertisers devote their space in The Chemist 
AND Druggist this week to seasonal greet- 
ings to their customers. — Arthur H. Cox 

6 Co., Ltd., The Laboratories, Brighton, 

7 ; D. Devon, Norfolk Place, London, 
W.2 ; Eli Lilly & Co., Ltd., Basingstoke; 
The Li\'erpool School of Pharmacy, a 
Blackburne Place, Liverpool, 8 : Stafford 
Allen & Sons, Ltd., Wharf Road, Lon- 
don. N.I ; and William Sutton & C:o., 
Druggist Sundries (London), Ltd., 
Horseshoe Lane, Chase Side, Enfield. 

Price Increases. — Owing to increasem 
manufacturing costs, the Evan Williams^ 
Co., Ltd., Perivale, Greenford, have found' 
it necessary to advance slightly the price of 
the Evan Williams wave-set. The newfe 
terms are given on another page of thisS 
issue, and it is pointed out that the retail 



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December 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



841 



ercentage of profit is maintained. From 
anuary i, 1947, the prices of Ponds creams 
nd face powder are being increased to a 
lew scale, details of which are given on 
nother page in an announcement by the 
anufacturers, Pond's Extract Co., Ltd.. 
erivale, Greenford, Middlesex. 

" Bishop Auckland's Friend."- A bro- 
hure ( ntitled " The Friend of Bishop 
uckland " has been published by Joseph 
ingford & Son, Ltd., Bishop Auckland, for 
rivate circulation, to preserve the memory 
f the late Mr. Joseph Lingford, founder of 
e business. The text, which is a reprint 
f an article from the " South Durham 
nd Auckland Chronicle," of November 2, 
911, describes the unveiling and presenta- 
on to the town of Bishop Auckland and a 
fe-sized portrait in oils of Mr. Lingford. 
.. " Joseph Lingford Charity " was founded 
1 1939, to carry on welfar( work in the 
istrict. 

Calendars. — The Chemical Manufac- 
URiNG Laboratory, Ltd., Brook Works, 
uke Street, Tavistock, Devon, have issued 
month-lo-the-page wall calendar, size 
X 9^ in., in two shades of blue on white. - 
month-to-the-page calendar issued by the 
ORTH British Rubbfr Co., Ltd., Castle 
fills. Edinburgh, depicts the Golf Tavern 
id Bruntsfield Links, Edinburgh, as seen 
uring the eighteenth century. The illus- 
ation, in full colour, and calendar block. 
1 white figures on a blue and black ground, 
e both mounted on a gre\ board, size 
i X I if in. On the 
'verse side are printed 
tails of the illustration 
id information useful to 
istomers and clients of 
e company. 

Chemicals and Their 
[akers. — A copy ha^ 
^en received of the 194b 
lition of the directory, 
British Chemicals and 
eir Manufacturers," of 
e .\ssociation of British 
hemical Manufacturers, 
uring the war years 
overnment regulations 
ohibited publication of 
y re\'isions conse- 
ently the new edition is 
first revision since 
39. It includes up-to- 
te information regard- 
the manufacturers of 
types of chemicals 
eavy, fine, pure, etc.) 



and supersedes previous directories. A copy 
will be sent free to any bona fide inquirer 
writing on business paper. 

Proprietary Articles Trade 
Association 

Additions to Protected List. — O. 

Scruton & Co., Ltd., Prices and terms, 
January i, 1947, Nurse Harvey's mixture, 
I IS. 3d. doz., tax IS. lo^d. doz., inclusive 
retail price is. 5d. ; half gro.ss at i is. 3d. 
doz., less 2^ per cent., cash with order ; 
one gross at i is. 3d. doz., less 5 per cent, 
monthly account ; five gross at i is. 3d. doz., 
less 7 1 per cent monthly account ; ten gross 
at IIS. 3d. doz., less 10 per cent, monthly 
account. .Ml ordeis carriage paid. 

Macleans, Ltd., the following prices 
operate from January i, 1947: Oslo pine 
bath salts, 6s. doz., tax 6s. doz., i.r.p. is. 2d. 
doz.; i2s. doz., tax 12s. doz., i.r.p. 2s. 4d. 

Alterations. — Evan Williams Co., Ltd., 
increased prices, January i, 1947: Wave- 
set, 2-oz. bottles, 4s. 7d. doz., tax 4s. 7d. 
doz., i.r.p. I I ^d. 

Macleans, Ltd., Increased prices, January 
I, 1947: Maclean brand stomach-powder, 
20S. doz., tax 3s. 4d. doz., i.r.p. 2s. 6d. : 
48s. doz,, tax 8s. doz.. i.r.p. 6s. Maclean 
brand stomach-tablets, 12s. 3d. doz., tax 
2s. o^d. doz., i.r.p. is. 6d. : 20s. doz.. tax 
3s. 4d. doz., i.r.p. 2s. 6d. 

Vitamins, Ltd., Increased prices, January 
I, 1947: Bemax, is. 9d., i6s. 6d. doz.; 3s.. 
28s. 6d. doz. ; 5s. 6d., 52s. 6d. doz. ; 25s., 
20s. each (all exempt from tax). 




842 



THE CHEMIbl AND DRUGGlSl 



Oecember 28. 1946 



WILLS 



113 
left 



Mr. Henry Oswald Isaac, 32 Hurle 
Crescent, Clifton, Bristol, retired chemist 
and druggist, left £12,354, with net per- 
sonalty, £12,312. 

Mr. James Tasker Lowe, M.P.S 
Rocky Lane, Anfield, Liverpool, 
£55445, with net personalty £4,337. 

Lieutenant (Q.M.) William Knowles 
Marsh, R.A.M.C, M.P.S. , Mount Avenue, 
Norton Tower, Halifax, left £767. 

Mr. Clifford Charles Finch, M.P.S., 
12 St. Helens Street, Ipswich, left £8,354, 
with net personalty £6,138. 

Mr. Arthur Exell, M.P.S., 230 Mill- 
houses Lane, Sheffield, left £3,182, with 
net personalty £2,398. 

Mr. David Roberts, M.P.S., 100 Elm 
Vale, Fairfield, Liverpool, left £6,002, with 
net personalty £5,354. 

Mr, Edward Brindle, M.P.S., 5 Mer- 
chiston Place, Edinburgh, and 190 Morri- 
son Street, Edinburgh, left £3,404. 

Mr. George Henry Potts, M.P.S., i 
Market Place, Knaresborough, Yorks, left 
£4,111, with net personalty £3,897. 

Mr. James Bowen Jones, M.P.S., High 
Street, Pentre Broughton, Wrexham, Den- 
bigh, left £135- 

Mr. Alfred Joseph Clegg, M.P.S., 
Newbury Street, Wantage, Berks, left 
^^^,759, with net personalty £6,209. 

Mr. William Henry Stones, 59 Westley 
Road, Bury St. Edmunds, left £ 1 8,6 1 1 , with 
net personalty £16,759. 

Mr. Carl Happold, Ph.C, 84 Coleraine 
Road, Blackheath, London, S.E.3, left 
£6,837, with net personalty £5,484. 

Mr. Joseph Alfred Haynes, M.P.S., 
32 Station Road, Parkstone, Dorset, left 
£5,578, with net personalty £332. 

Mr. Valentine Norman, M.P.S., i Croft 
Road, Godalming, Surrey, left £27,887, 
with net personalty £20,41 7. 

Mr. Charles William Bobby, M.P.S., 
High Street, Soham, Cambs, left £10,505, 
with net personalty £7,37 1 , 

Mr. Herbert Oliver Lloyd, M.P.S., 
lo Suffolk Parade, Cheltenham, Glos, 
manufacturing chemist, left £8,522, with 
net personalty £4,576. 

Mr. Frank Birchall, M.P.S., St. Frank- 
lyn, Hoads Hill, Fareham, Hants, left 
£4,274, with net personalty £2,207. 



Mr. James Attenburrow, M.P.S., Th 
Laurels, Burton Road, Melton Mowbray 
Leics, left £22,275, with net personals 
£18,698. 

Mr. Samuel David Welham, 36 Chest 
nut Avenue, Redcar, Yorks, retired work 
chemist, left £1,482, with net personal^ 
£425- 

Mr. Richard Binns Taylor, Ashbrook 
Dialstone Lane, Stockport, Cheshire, colou 
and chemical manufacturer, left £5,891 
with net personalty £4,282. 

Mr. David Harley, M.P.S., 270 Miltoi 
Road East, Joppa, Edinburgh, left persona 
estate in England and Scotland of £14,493 

Mr. Charles James Heselton, M.P.S. 
East Rudham, Norfolk, formerly of Leices 
ter, left £2,955, with net personalty 
£1,403. 

Mr. Alexander Ross, M.P.S., 133 Traj 
Lane, Bents Green, Sheffield, formerly o, 
Dornoch, Scotland, left £1,596, with ne 
personalty £848. 

Mr. Fred Helsby, M.P.S., 5 Burlingtor 
Road, Skegness, Lines, formerly of LoutF 
and Grimsby, left £6,192, with net per 
sonalty £4,91 1. 

Mr. Clarence Victor Marshall 
M.P.S., 6 Waldron Square, and 21 Water- 
loo Place, Sunderland, Durham, lef' 
£9;5i8, with net personalty £7,099. 

Mr. Harry Nuttall Lever, M.P.S. 
Merehall Pharmacy, Merchall Street, Bol- 
ton, left £1,409, with net personalty 
£1,210. 

Mr. John Charles Holton, M.P.S. 
The Hollies, Norwich Road, Fakenham 
Norfolk, and Bridge Street, Fakenham, lefl 
£4,696, with net personalty £4,540. 

Mr. John Robert Thompson, M.P.S., 
Market Place, Thirsk, Yorks, and Th€ 
Vicarage, North Dalton, nr. Driffield, leff 
£4,519, with net personalty £687. 

Mr. William Elsey Church, M.P.S., 
206 Columbia Road, Ensbury Park, 
Bournemouth, formerly of 83 Broadway, 
Bexley Heath, Kent, left £1,605, w'ith nel 
personalty £ 177. 

Sir Arthur Sackville Trevor Grif* 
fith-Boscawen, P.C., 6 Cottesmore Gai 
dens, London, W.8, Minister of Health 
1922 and 1923, left £48,927, with net 
sonalty £48.208. (Duty paid £11,633). 



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Oeceinbef 28. 1^46 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGISl 



843 



DEATHS 

BowN. — On December 14, Mr. William 
[enry Sown, M.P.S., 40 Farlington Avenue, 
Irayton, Portsmouth, aged 75. He re- 
Inoved to Portsmouth from the west of Eng- 
land early in the century to take over the 
)usiness at 50 Victoria Road North, South- 
ja, which he carried on successfully and 
ito which he later took his son, Mr. W. E. 
{own, as his partner. For many years 
[r. Bown took a keen interest in all phar- 
laceutical organisations. He was a past- 
Ihairman of the local branch of the 
lociety a past-president of the Portsmouth 
[chemists' Association (of which he was 
founder member) and for nearly thirty 
lears a member of the Portsmouth Pharma- 
iutical Committee. He leaves a widow, 
Ine daughter and one son (Mr. W. E. 
lown, M.P.S.). 

CoRBETT. — At his home. The Medical 
[all, Mitchclstown, co. Cork, recently, Mr. 
)hn Corbett, M.P.S.I., aged sixty-four. 

PoRTEUs. — Recently, Mr. James Paul 
[orteus, M.P.S., 208 Walnut Avenue, Cran- 
)rd, New Jersey, U.S.A., formerly of Carn- 
)rth, Lanes, aged seventy-two, 

Thompson. — At his home, on December 
, Mr. Hubert B. Thompson, M.P.S. (son 
the late Mr. Charles Thompson Ph.C), 
jewborough Pharmacy, 284 Baldwin's 
me, Hall Green, Birmingham, aged fifty- 
bur. 



Taubman. — At Brookside, Kemerton, nr. 
Tewkesbury, on December 8, Mr. Frank 
Mowbray Taubman, aged seventy-eight. 
Mr. Taubman qualified as a chemist and 
druggist in 1889. He was a frequent ex- 
hibitor at the Royal Academy. 

LEGAL REPORT 

Not Guilty of Pose as Doctor. — A ver- 
dict of not guilty was returned at Surrey 
quarter sessions on December 12, in a case 
in which Geoffrey Wharburton Bennett, a 
retired bank clerk, was charged with obtain- 
ing two sums of 2s. by falsily representing 
himself to be a doctor (C. & D., November 
23, p. 656). It was alleged that he bought 
two bottles of quinine and iron tonic at a 
pharmacy for Is. 6d. each, prevailed upon 
the chemist to change the label for a plain 
white label, and sold the tonic for 3s. 6d. 
a bottle to a publican to whom it was 
alleged he had posed as a doctor. Bennett 
pleaded not guilty. The circumstances of 
the alleged transactions were described (see 
previous report). A stethoscope was found 
at Bennett's home. In evidence Bennett 
said he left a message that it was " The 
Doctor " or " The Doc." who had called. 
He was interested in " patent medicines 
but had never represented himself as a 
medical practitioner. When Round asked 
him if he practised in the district, he replied 
that he was not in practice at all. He had 
the stethoscope for the study of medicine, 
which was his hobby. 



PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM PRICES 



[E maximum retail prices per spool (in- 
luding purchase tax) for photographic 
]m previously referred to (see C. & D. 

)vember 23, p. 653) are set out below. 

;tailers are required by S.R. & O. 1946, 



No. 1 9 15 (H.M. Stationery Office, price id.) 
to exhibit a legible list of the maximum 
prices of films offered for sale in a position 
where it can be read without difficulty by 
customers. 



LoDAK, Ilford, Selo and Ensign 
Film 



Non- 

^idth Panchromatic: panchromatic 



Inches 



2i 
2* 



S. d. 

1 10 

2 2 



2 5 

3 I 



2 2 
2 9 



Film other than Kodak, Ilford, Selo and 
Ensign 



Width 



Non- 
Length PanchromaticI panchromatic 



Inches Inches s. d. 

Less than 

i f 17 or over 1 8 

1 1 or over 
but less than ; ; 

2i \ ^9% or over \ \ \\\ 
2 1 or over 
but less than 

2.1 25 or over 2 2 

2.] or o\ er 310 or over 29.] 



s. d. 
I 8 

I 8 



1 Hi 

2 5I 



844 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



ORIGINS OF C.F. 

A claim for acknowledgement of the contribution of Wales in one of 
the major developments in recent years in pharmacy 
By Ifor L. Richards. F.B.O.A.. M.P.S. 

"-CT-RAYSER" in ''Topical Reflec- 

tions " (C & D., November 23, p. 

657) referred commendingly to the 
progressive stage now reached by the 
" Chemists' Federation." I respectfully 
submit, however, that in his endeavour to 
credit its origin, " Xrayser " made a par- 
donable error. During twenty-five years 
of activity in pharmaceutical circles, I have 
noticed a lamentable tendency, on the part 
of " official " London, to deny Wales mucli 
of the credit to which she is entitled by vir- 
tue of her many contributions to pharmacy 
over a long period. I may be pardoned, 
therefore, for pointing out that the scheme 
now known as "C.F." originated in South 
Wales, and dates back to the early part of 
1933 — two years before being officiall> 
adopted by the National Pharmaceutical 
Union. The history of its inception is here 
summarised. 



Outline of Scheme 

An original " Scheme for the Protection 
of Chemists' Interests," formulated by a 
South Wales Branch member (August- 
September 1933) was privately submitted 
to the Proprietary Articles Trade Associa- 
tion, with Branch support. The suggested 
title was " British Chemists' Association " 
(B.C.A. to correlate with B.M.A. and B.D.A. 
for the doctors and dentists respectively). 
The main text of a descriptive circular pre- 
pared at the time is given below : — 

British Chemists' Association 
President, to be elected ; Executive 
Committee (by election), to have admini- 
strative and disciplinary powers ; Associa- 
tion members, each to hold five £ i shares ; 
first call to be 4s. per share. 

1. Official register of members and 
approved dealers. (Each will have 
a prefix and number for coding pur- 
poses.) 

2. Wholesalers to give undertaking that 
only those on the register will be sup- 
plied with pharmaceutical products. 

3. Manufacturers to give similar under- 
taking, and that they will adhere to 
legitimate trading standards, i.e., no 
" stunting " which will be detrimental 
to the trade. (Any manufacturer re- 
fusing will be informed that his par- 



ticular line will not be stocked by 
any member of the Association and, 
furthermore, that the Association, if 
necessary, will produce for distribu- 
tion amongst its members a line 
identical with his own ; the line will 
be produced by a firm of chemist 
belonging to the Association who wil 
act as central depot for its distribu- 
tion. A member drawing supplies 
would indent through his usual 
wholesaler wiio would, therefore 
have his usual wholesaler's profit, but 
the goods would be despatched from 
the central depot, and would be in 
delibly coded with the member's 
number.) 

The scheme would very quickly prove 
both economical from an outlay stand- 
point and remunerative. National 
Pharmaceutical Union. Chemists' De 
fence Association, etc., contributions and 
benefits could be incorporated. Com 
petitive lines could be produced at a cost 
to yield the member a bigger profit. 

A small annual contribution would in- 
crease the capital of the Association to a 
very formidable sum in a ver>- short time, 
and this could be used for furthering 
the interests, of chemists in any desired 
direction, even to active Parliamentary 
representation. 

During October to December 1933, the 
scheme was fully explained and formulated 
to many combined branches of the area, 
for example, in Cardiff on October 26, 
Neath on November 23. and to a conference 
of Ucal chemists, at all of which mectingi| 
those present were enthusiastically in fav- 
our of the proposals. 



J montlis t 

'rug brokers 
spcdite its^ 
:,om as 

not law 
later, 
nieans 1 
liiembodit 
i!o;Tnent 1 
ijtietice, . 
milestone 
^casionof 



.Utuil 

iiion bet 
::uit and 

.-cds su: 



Adoption but Delay 

South Wales chemists having unani- 
mously *' adopted the scheme, a repre- 
sentative delegation was appointed to meet 
Mr. G. A. Mallinson (N.P.U. secretary) to 
report the *' reaction." Mr. Mallinson 
travelled to Cardiff for the purpose of meet; 
ing the delegation and " hearing " the 
scheme. At that time the N.P.U. , haying 
no other scheme, was boosting its publicity 
plan, the history of which is well known. 
Mr. Mallinson promised to launch the new 
scheme, but sought an interim period of 



::ons of [\ 
.varies c 

'.;:ve exi 
■ .v,dl, 

... ol fi 
■-:,lyall\ 

•.zt and q' 

Biosyni 
The origi: 
of solanai 
fold;-,, 
in? leaf; I 
ilready s; 
•om the f 
;fcording 

^ed with 
M, and 
■■fi tbe syi 

'' 'tie use 
to inci'E 
i vegel 



i 



fires a 1 
coot 30 in; 
witb p, 
lime, ] 
inbydiveri 
i?*e alb 
H and 
''>'M of s 

■h;d leaves 
■''^esised fi 
?*econ, 
'ly bigb, 
^^"'s provide 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



84S 



ix months to examine the position of the 
rug brokers. In spite of many efforts to 
.xpedite its official adoption, the scheme 
nown as " Chemists' Friends," although 
ollowing the main principles of the B.C. A., 

as not launched until October 1935, two 
ears later. The present C.F. has not by 
ny means exhausted the ideas and propo- 
als embodied in the original draft, full em- 
loyment of which requires time and 
atience. In view, however, of the current 

milestone " in its history, which was the 
ccasion of " Xrayser's " comment, it would 



be a gracious act, when alluding in any 
way to the origin of the scheme, to credit 
South Wales with the part it played in its 
inception, and thus encourage coming phar- 
macists to make similar efforts. Since 
already there is a similar scheme in opera- 
tion in the Colonies, the originators remain 
somewhat mystified why there was objection 
to the more recently suggested title of 
" British Chemists' Federation," a title 
which they consider dignified, professional, 
desirable and " understandable ' to the 
general public. 



RECENT RESEARCH 



A Fruit-setting Hormone? — The corre- 
tion between size and shape of the apple 
ruit and the number and position of fertile 
eds suggests to Luckwill (" Nature," 
ovember 9, p. 663) that the developing 
pple seed might be the source of a hor- 
lone controlling the growth of the fruit, 
queous extracts and ether-soluble frac- 
ons of these were tested for activity on the 
varies of emasculated tomato flowers, 
ctive extracts were found to produce visi- 
le swelling of the tomato ovaries within 
ur of five days, the ovaries developing 
entually into seedless fruits of excellent 
ze and quality." 

Biosynthesis of Belladonna Alkaloids. — 

he origin of tropane alkaloids in the leaf 
f solanaceous olants appears to be two- 
Id : — I, Synthesis by the actively grow- 
ig leaf ; and 2, invasion of the leaf by the 
ready synthesised alkaloid, transported 
om the root by the transpiration stream, 
ccording to James (" Nature," November 
p. 654). The synthesis of alkaloids is 
nked with the nitrogen metabolism of tfie 
lant, and runs to some extent parallel 
ith the synthesis of proteins. The quan- 
ty of alkaloid produced may be influenced 
y the use of fertilisers, and the simplest 
ay to increase the yield is to arrange for 
good vegetable growth of the plant ; this 
quires a calcareous soil, optimum spacing 
bout 30 in. X 30 in.), and good fertilisa- 
on, with perhaps an excess of nitrogen 
id lime. To increase alkaloidal produc- 
on by diverting extra nitrogen and carbon 
to the alkaloid metabolic path is more 
fficult, and the only method holding out 
ospect of success is that of unbalanced 
trogen manuring. Experiments with de- 
ched leaves suggest that alkaloids are 
nthesised from amino acids at a time 
hen the concentration of these is tempor- 
ily high. Further leaf-feeding experi- 
ents provided " solid grounds for suppos- 



ing that the nitrogen of the tropane alka- 
loids is derived from the <f-amir<) group 
of the arginine-ornithine group." 

Idiometric Assay of Penicillin. — A 

simple iodometric method of assaying peni- 
cillin has been described by Alicino (Squibb 
Institute for Medical Research, New Bruns- 
wick, N.J.) in " Industrial and Engineering 
Chemistry " (October, p. 619). Penicillin, it 
has been found, is inert to iodine in neutral 
aqueous solution, but penicilloic acid, the 
inactivation product formed from penicillin 
by the action of penicillinase or of alkali, 
consumes from six to nine equivalents of 
iodine. It has been found that the difference 
in the iodine consumption under standard 
conditions before and after inactivation is. 
with certain limitations, proportional to th(- 
penicillin content of the sample as deter- 
mined by biological assay. The reaction 
with iodine takes twenty-five to thirty 
minutes. The proced ure for the assay of 
pure sodium penicillin G (II) is as follows: 
.A weighed sample is dissolved in water, 
treated with alkali for fifteen minutes, and 
then neutralised. A measured excess of 
o.oiN iodine solution is added; the flask 
is set aside for thirty minutes and the un- 
consumed iodine is titrated with 0.0 1 thio- 
sulphate solution. Iodine equivalents for 
penicillins G (II) and F (I) by this method 
correspond, but it is thought that penicillin 
X(III) may give a high result. In the assay 
of unknowns a blank titration is carried out. 
in which inactivation by alkali is omitted. 
To avoid errors due to the oresence of 
iodine-consuming impurities, in low-grade 
samples, the blank sample is back-titrated 
immediately, without waiting for thirty 
minutes. While good correlation has been 
obtained between iodometric and biological 
assay results on preparations of widely vary- 
ing potency marked differences are likely 
to be noted if penicillins other than G (II) 
are present. 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28, IV46 



YORKSHIRE DOCTORS' BILLS CIRC>t 1700 

By Adest 



AN article on medical treatment in 
Yorkshire in the late seventeenth 
and early eighteenth centuries ap- 
pears in Part 143 of " The Yorkshire Arch- 
aeological Journal." The author, Mr. J. VV. 
Walker, F.R.C.S., F.S.A., discusses with a 
dry humour that is very efTective some of 
the treatments and remedies ordered by the 
fourteen medical practitioners whom he 
names. Of the first of these men (Dr. 
Edmund Jackson of Doncaster), for instance, 
he writes : " Mark the reward of patience ; 
his accounts were paid in full — just thirteen 
years later." In 1029 the late Mr. E. M. 
Holmes described (C. & D., 1929. 1. 782) a 
manuscript prescription and a letter of ad- 
vice written in 1693 by Dr. John Skelton 
for Mr. Ralph Thoresby of Leeds. The fact 
that Dr. Skelton's prescription was much 
more elaborate than any of those cited in 
Mr. Walker's article suggests a brief com- 
ment on seventeenth-century prescribing in 
English counties distant from London. 

Difficulty of Transport 

For prescribers who favoured polyphar- 
macy, the few well-known galenical for- 
mulas in the London Pharmacopoeias of 
1 6 1 8- 1 72 I inclusive may have sufficed. As a 
rule, the conditions of provincial life tended 
to compel relative simplicity in prescribing. 
An important factor was difficulty of trans- 
port. In his " English Social History " (p. 
382) Dr. G. M. Trevelyan shows that as 
late as the reign of Anne the roads of Eng- 
land were practically impassable in bad 
weather except for pack-horses, and that 
these horses had to use the comparatively 
firm sides. The cost of upkeep fell on the 
parishes through which the roads led : 
parish authorities grumbled at having to 
provide in this way for thoroughfares used 
largely by strangers, and the natural con- 
sequence was that the work was scamped. 
In the eighteenth century this trouble was 
gradually lessened by the introduction of 
the system of toll-gates. One result of trans- 
port delay and uncertainty must have been 
that carriage by ship was about as expedi- 
tious as carriage by pack-horse or wagon, 
and that dispensing doctors, apothecaries 
and chemists often had to wait indefinitely 
for supplies ordered from the Metropolis. 
It would be of interest to know whether 
Liverpool, Bristol or Hull had any imports 
of drugs in commercial quantities as early 
as 1700. 



The bills, treatments and advice quoted 
in Mr. Walker's article are on familiar lines. 
A brief excerpt from the first bill may be 
regarded as typical of all : £ s d 

1700. Jan. 26. Madame 
Copley, Attend- 
ance, a Cordial 
Julep, frankin- 
cense, and pur- 
gative infusion o : 08 : 04 
Feb. 4. A Con- 
sumptive Plas- 
ter, leather. Bal- 
samic Syrup .. . 0:02:03 
A few of the entries in this account, one of 
Dr. Jackson's, are worth brief annotation. 

Countess of Kent's Powder 

To all but a limited circle of readers the 
term " Kent's powder " may be puzzling. 
Elizabeth Grey, Countess of Kent, died in 
1 65 1. Soon afterwards there appeared a 
small volume, measuring 4^ inches by 2 
inches, entitled: "A Choice Manuall. or 

RARE AND SELECT SECRETS IN PHYSICK 

AND CHYRURGERY: Collected, and 
practised by the Right Honourable, the 
Countesse of Kent, late deceased . . . ." 
The earliest copy in the British Museum is 
dated 1653, and is styled the second edition. 
Numerous editions followed, the noble lady 
having evidently been a collector of the 
kinds of recipes that met a public demand. 
The powder named after her has a com- 
paratively short formula ; as I cannot re- 
call that it has previously appeared in the 
C. & D., it seems worth reprinting: 

" Take of the Magi'=;tery of Pearls, of 
Crabs eyes prepared, of white amber pre- 
pared. Harts-horn, Magistery of white 
Corall, of Lapis contra Yarvam, of each 
a like quantity, to these powders infused 
put of the black tips of the great clawes 
of Crabs, to the full weight of the rest, 
beat these all into very fine powder, and 
scarce them through a fine Lawn Scarce, 
to every ounce of this powder add a 
drachm of true Oriental Bezar, make all.' 
these UD into a lump, or masse, with the 
jelly of Harts-horn, and colour it with 
Saffron, putting thereto a scruple of 
Ambergriece. and a little Musk also finely 
powdered, and dry them (made up into 
small Trochises) neither by fire nor Sun, 
but by a dry air : you may give to a man 
twenty graines of it, and to a child twelve 
graines." 



i 



vobller 
-jBd 

iiSS, I 

rested 

cithetr 
o( viper' 
eicipient 

crabs' 
aplanat; 

Lunbati 

Anotl 



son s St 
that a 
mwsing 
prefers 
logicall; 
Browne 
Volume 
tionary 
Linctus, 
rememb 
[ohnson 
ascertai: 
may go 
Physico 

Eckpiii 

hhixa 
hmol 

jetaien 
i 

"Pianna 
)oraiiea" 
latliersy 
leircliii 

of any 0 
easetlio, 
necessar] 
Most of' 
forconw 
ficult to 

tbf 

of 

Wliam Sa: 
%nsaton 
iinc'tus" 
dofthel 



1)10,1 

Jtence; ' 



December 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



847 



|n i66o (his powder was advertised in the 
Public Intelligencer:" it was on sale at a 
)okselier's shop at id. a grain. Otlicr 
lops soon began to stock it. Bate and 
>uincy adopted the formula with slight 
lodifications, presumably of tlieir own de- 

[ising. Bate or Salmon, his translator, 
iggested that " a much more excellent 
[edicament might be made with a quarter 

If the trouble." Quincy substituted jelly 

If viper's skin for hartshorn jelly as the 
ccipient, and ordered that the black tips 
crabs' claws be gathered in June. No 
cplanation of this requirement was given. 

.ambativcs 

Another entry appears as " lambative 
Imtment." Punctuation was not Dr. Jack- 
)n's strong point, and we may safely guess 
[lat a comma between the two words is 
lissiiig. The Oxford English Dictionary 
[refers the spelling " lambitive," an etymo- 
)gically correct fonn used by Sir Thomas 
[rowne. Similarly, Robert James gives in 
''olume II (1745) of his Medicinal Dic- 
[onary the definition " LAMBITIVUM. A 
jinctus, or Eclegma." James, it may be 
imembered, had the assistance of Samuel 
)hnson in compiling this dictionary. To 
scertaiji more about these synonvms we 
liay go bark to Quincy. In his " Lexicon 
jhysico - Medicum " (1719) he has: 
Lambative, from lambo, to lick, see 
\clegma/' The latter word he derives from 
cXtfX'^ (I lick up), and defines it as a 
lorm of Medicine made by the Incorpora- 
|on of Oils with Syrups, and which is to 
taken upon a Liquorice Stick : the same 
(so as Lambative . . . and Linctus." In 
Pharmacopoeia OflScinalis & Extem- 
)ranea " (17 18) the same author gives the 
rther synonyms " lohochs " and " syrups." 
fheir chief purpose he describes thus : 
" In short, there are very few of these 
of any other service, than to promote and 
ease those Coughs in old Age, which are 
necessary to keep open the Breast . . . 
Most of these [lambatives] are too thick 
for common Phials, because they are dif- 
ficult to pour out, tliey should therefore 
be put into such as are made with wide 
mouths ... or into Gally-pots, out of 
which they are frequently ordered to be 
sucked off from a Liquorice Stick." 
^illiam Salmon, in his version of Bate's 
dispensatory (and Edition, 1700), translates 
Linctus " as " Lambative " in the title of 
ich of the linctuses in the book. And Steele, 
sscribing in "The Tatler " of December 
710, a visit to an old lady, has this 
itence : " Upon the mantle-tree . . . stood 



a pot of larnbetivc electuary [sic], with a 
stick of liquorice, and near it a phial of 
rose-water, and powder of tutty." 

Balsamum Lucatclli 

The balsam of Lucatcllus (Locatelli), 
called Lucatel balsam by Dr. Jackson, can 
hardly be regarded as quite obsolete, since 
a formula for it appears in " Pharmaceutical 
Formulas " Volume I. There is, however, 
a point of piiarmaceutical interest in early 
eighteenth-century references to it, namely, 
the choice of colouring. Quincy, in the 
earlier of his two books referred to, was 
of opinion that red sanderswood was " a 
vast prejudice to it " when the balsam was 
used for dressing wounds. James, in his 
Dictionary, preferred the Edinburgh Phar- 
macopoeia formula to that of the P.L., 
which latter, he said, was " very unskilfully 
directed." The P.Ed, ordered dragon's 
blood and balsam of Peru. Seven years 
later James had changed his opinion : in 
" Pharmacopoeia Universalis " he held that 
red " Saunders " was a more suitable in- 
gredient than dragon's blood. 

Mclilot 

Melilot, spelt "mellilot" in the same bill, 
is so commonly associated with a plaster 
that its internal use may be unknown to 
some present-day pharmacists. Quincy, in 
his Lexicon, commits himself to the state- 
ment that the plant is " discussive and 
aperitive . . . used only in external Reme- 
dies." But James, in his Dictionary, says 
that the flowers are " reckoned among inter- 
nal Pectorals." A decoction of tlie leaves 
and flowers, he adds, is " very good to 
cleanse the Passages obstructed by Cold," 
and a decoction of the tops is recommended 
for colic, rheumatism and other ailments. 

The last of the fourteen prescribers, Henry 
Power, of Halifax and Wakefield, M.D., 
F.R.S., was probably the best known. He 
was a friend of Sir Thomas Browne, to 
whom he wrote in 1649: "There is one 
inbryd and late disease amongst us (ricketts), 
wch puzzles me in the cure ; for I know 
not well what Ricketts are neither can I be 
relieved by any Authour, it being so late 
standing, that none I know of have at- 
tempted to write thereon." The inference 
is that rachitis was then a recently identi- 
fied disease. 



New Vitamin Bg Plant. — \ report from 
New York states that a new plant costing 
$1^ million (approximately £■^75 000) for 
the manufacture of vitamin B« is being 
erected at Elkton, Virginia, U.S.A. 



848 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



QUOTAS for 

CHEMISTS 

HAIR NETS 

Fine Day, Imitation Human 
Hair, Sleeping Nets and Slum- 
ber Nets. Finest quality, 
attractive shades, available in 
small quantities at correct 
prices. 

ENQUIRIES FOR EXPORT INVITED 

HAIR GRIPS 

Wonderful value. Bestquality, 
bronze finish — (carded 8 grips 
per card). I /6 per gross plus 
purchase tax 33^%. 
Carriage paid for 3 2/- 
IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. 
Maximum controlled selling 
price 2d. per card. 

CROSS & MAX LTD., 

17/18 Bishops Court, 
Old Bailey, LONDON, E.C.4. 



Melaldehy de 

BBITISM UADt 

SAFE SOLID FUEL 

SLUG & SNAIL KILLER 

IN PACKETS, 1/3. 2/4. 5/« 

Obulntbl* from 
Chcmlsta, Ironmongers & S««4im«a 
SoU ConcMtlonaIrM for tho U. K. 
%n4 Eiro 

H. R. NAPP LIMITED 

I A 4. CUmant't Ina. Undsn. W.CI. 



VIT&L RENEWER 

»jgRVE,,5ffiATIVE 



TRADE TERMS— 33i% to Chemists or 
through /our Wholcialtr. 
Rstall Price 5/- psr bottl«, Including tax 

PrafNirtd by C. P. NIBLEH E«t. 1870 

10, LIchflold Torrac* 
RICHMOND. SURREY Phent RIC 3221 



BURROUGH'S 
ABSOLUTE 

ALCOHOL 



TRAGACANTH 

SPECIALISTS IN B.P. POWDER 1 

SAMPLES AND PRICES ON REQUEH 
FREUDENTHEIL SMITH A CO.. 14 Philpat Uim, \ 

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MANsion Housa 1924 A 6600. Estd. 1126 | 




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i For TRAVEL SICKNESS nf\ 1 
on Air. Land or S9» 

ViWMB LTD ObUOOW OJ 



LIVERPOOL SCHOOL OF PHARMACY 

2. BLACKBURNE PLACE. LIVERPOOL. 8. 
The Prhtcipal, H. Humphreys-Jon'ES, sends his best 
wishes to all former, present and future students. 



Work for the Inter, and C. & D. 
Qualifying exams- will resume on January 6. 



HARVEY'S 
Horse Remedies 

P.A.T.A. Protacted Prices 
Suppliti can now be obtained through 
alt Wholesale Houses 

HARVEY *CO/°"^^i'BUN'°- 





vAimn LTD. 

(3LASCOW.C* 



HIADACMK POWDtRS 



Surgical Rubber goods, packed • 36/- gross. 
Transparent Bottle Teats 

wrapped ce loph.ane ... 24/- gross. 
Nylon Toothbrushes • • 10/- & 10/7 doz. 
Apoly PHILIP SHRANK LTD., 

3. Woodberry Grove, Finchley, London, N.i2 



INFORMATION WANTED 

Information with respect to suppliers of the 
following items would be appreciated : 

Teddy Tail products. Cook's dental biscuits. 
Carcenol. Lvdia O'Learv toilet preparations. 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



849 



Chemist AND Druggist 

ESTABLISHED 1859 
for RETAILER — WHOLESALER — MANUFACTURER 

Circulates throujihout the Pharmaceutical, 
Chemical, DrujJ, Essential Oil, Perfumery, 
Cosmetic, Toilet Preparation and allied 
Trades and Industries in Great Britain, 
Eire, British Empire, and foreign countries 
Official organ of The Pharmaceutical 
Society of Ireland, The Pharmaceutical 
Society of Northern Ireland, The Chemists' 
and Druggists' Society of Ireland and of 
other Chemists' Societies in the Empire. 



VOL. CXLVI DECEMBER 28. 1946 NO. 3490 

The Title Chemist " in 
South Africa 

.XccoRDiNG to reports which reach us from 
the C^ape, considerable pressure is being 
brought to bear on the South .African 
Government by technical chemists and 
other interests, to secure the passage 
through Parliament of a Chemists' Bill, de- 
signed to give recognition and oflFicial status 
to consulting, analytical, research and 
manufacturing chemists. Technical che- 
mists have for long complained against the 
privileged position of the phamiacist under 
the Medical, Dental and Pharmacy Act, in 
that only a member of the Pharmaceutical 
Society may be the managing director of 
any company concerned with the produc- 
tion of a medicated product. There is a 
provision in the .Act empowering the 
Minister of the Interior to issue permits to 
persons other than registered pharmacists, 
but the Minister must consult with the 
Phamiacy Board whenever applications are 
made for such exemption. It is stated that, 
without exception, the Pharmacy Board has 
turned down applications. 

Control in Practice 

The chairman of one such company said 
that there were a number of firms which, 
because of the 1928 Act, had to employ a 
registered pharmacist who must also be 
managing director of the company. In 
ractice, the control was exercised by other 
embers of the board, and the pharmacist 
as merely a figurehead to satisfy the law. 
e had to be given a prescribed minimum 



salary of £40 montlily, but his services were 
not necessary. His work could he done 
equally well by " qualified chemists " or 
chemical engineers. The speaker said there 
were many manufacturers who were reluc- 
tant to make products which would be clas- 
sified as medical preparations nec«'ssitating 
the employment of a phaniiacist. .Another 
spokesman, principal of a partnership of 
chemical consultants and engineers in 
Johannesburg, said recemtly that the fields of 
training of chemists and pharmacists were 
totally different. The training of the phar- 
macists did not qualify him for work in 
chemical engineering. The present position 
had arisen from the fact that the term 
" chemist " was applied to two distinct 
professions. " In no language otfier than 
English," he declared, " was such confusion 
possible." 

An Intended Safeguard 

The controversy has a familiar ring. In 
this country the use of the title " chemist 
is restricted to pharmacists solely in con- 
nexion with the sale of goods by retail. 
Since the apparent purpose of the South 
.African Medical, Dental and Pharmacy .Act 
ii to safeguard the public in the distribution 
of medicines, it seems likely that the re- 
quirement that a pharmacist should be on 
the board of medicine manufacturing com- 
panies was intentional. In that connexion 
the claims of " technical chemists ", " con- 
sulting chemists ", chemical engineers and 
the rest to be regarded as authorities are 
much less obvious, and a pharmacist is 
stipulated for his function, not for his title. 
By all moans call him a pharmacist for that 
purpose, but do not abandon the principlr 
in confused arguments about the title. 

On the point of the " passenger " direc- 
tor, the law can hardly compel the board 
of directors of any company to make use of 
the services of every one of its members, 
but it can, and will, hold the pharmacist 
responsible for the matters which it places 
under his jurisdiction, and it is for the phar- 
macist himself to see that he does not 
shoulder the responsibility without the 
power. For the rest, the use of the word 
" chemist " on a shop has the sanctions of 
history and popular usage, and no phar- 
macist seeks to monopolise the word in any 
other connexion than that of his business. 



THE CHEMIST AND 



DRUGGIST 



A BACKWARD 
GLANCE AT 



{ANUARY: A century of expansion from " physic 
armers " to manufacturing chemists is cele- 
brated by William Ransom & Son, Ltd., Hitchin. 




MARCH: On occasion of his Silver Jubilee as 
treasurer of Irish Drug Association, Mr. G. A. 
McLean Lee is presented with his portrait in oils. 



December 28. 1946 THfc CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST SSI 





: " Coupled with the name of the secretary," 
M>m an aibum of signatures is presented by the 
ing chairman, the National Pharmaceutical Union 
rates its Silver Jubilee with a banquet in London. 






















\i Eighty-second meeting of Britisfi Pharmaceu- 
Conference. Society's new president In conversa- 
mlth Mrs. Brindle at the Conference luncheon. 



















1ST: Local activities change from indoor events 
>rts meetings. At Hinstead, Hants, pharmacist 
liters from Southampton are photographed as 
over an eleven from Bournemouth- 



SEPTEMBER: One hundred years as manufacturers, of a 
proprietary pill provide opportunity for a visit by a 

o. L». photographer to the works of Eade's Pills, Ltd 
London. Picture shows machine pressing of the mass 




OCTOBER: A former chairman greets present office-holder 
at first post-war dinner in London of Association of 
British Chemical Manufacturers, at which 300 were present 



NOVEMBER: New badge of office for chairman of 
Chemists' Federation, provided by the Crookes' Lab- 
oratories, Ltd., is formally presented at a luncheon. 




In reply to our invitation, we have received 
from the leaders of the professional, retail, 
wholesale and manufacturing organisations 
of the drug trade the following New Year 
greetings messages : — 

Co-operation, Understanding 
and Forbearance 

From the PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT 
BRITAIN 

1 AM glad to send a New Year's message 
to your readers and to wish them happiness 
and prosperity in 1947. At this season of 
goodwill, while conscious of the many diffi- 
culties which beset us individually in our 
daily work, we should do well to reflect on 
those of others and to remember how much 
they can be eased by co-operation, under- 
standing and forbearance. The pattern of 
the post-war world is taking shape, and we 
can see that the problems facing our 
country call for much new mental and 
physical effort and an outlook which seej 
the tasks ahead as a challenge and inspira- 
tion to show that the British people can 
flourish in a world in which they no longer 
enjoy the many advantages of earlier days. 
Among matters of more domestic interest, 
the main item of attention during the year 
will be the clothing of the framework of the 
National Health Service scheme with the 
regulations and other decisions which will 
turn it into the finished product. This 
work will involve much thought and activity 
on the part of those who will conduct nego- 
tiations on behalf of pharmacy, and I trust 
that their efforts will be fully supported by 
the pharmaceutical community. 

G. R. Knox Mawer, 

President. 

Relations with Suppliers Never 
More Cordial 

From the NORTH BRITISH BRANCH OF THE PHAR- 
MACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN 

Scottish chemists look forward to 19-17 
with considerable confidence. Stocks in 
reasonable measure, if not yet actually on 
the shelf, are within sight. Mutual good 
will lias been strengthened during the diffi- 



cult years, and relations with the wholesale 
houses and other suppliers have never been 
more cordial. We are assured that, in the 
new Health Bill for Scotland, the para- 
graphs relating to the arrangements for 
pharmaceutical services are identical with 
those of the National Health Service Act. 
We may expect a new B.P. — the seventh 
since the first in 1864 — before the new- 
year is far advanced, followed soon there- 
after, doubtless, by a new B.P.C. and possi- 
bly by a useful new formulary from the 
Minister of Health. All this, and the in- 
creasingly exacting standards of the exami- 
nation requirements, added to the prospect 
that we shall, in the not very distant future, 
all be of University status, are in keeping 
with the Scottish tradition, dating from 
1 68 1 and established by the Royal College 
of Physicians of Edinburgh, that medicines 
should be dispensed under qualified super- 
vision, and that no Fellow or Member of 
the College should dispense the medicines 
which he prescribes, serve to uphold the 
principle of the separation of prescribing 
from dispensing provide good cause for 
optimism. Greetings and good wishes to 
the very many of our members now settled 
successfully at home or furth of Scotland. 

Alexander Murray. 

Chairman. 

A Spontaneous Code of Ethics 

From the PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF 
IRELAND 

The morale of the Irish pharmacist has 
never been higher than it is to-day. Each 
year makes it more apparent that the indi- 
vidual pharmacist is developing within him- 
self a sense of corporate consciousness and 
pride of profession. This surely marks the 
beginning of a spontaneous code of ethics. 
In the years ahead I am satisfied that phar- 
macists will have need of this morale if they 
are successfully to resist the current ten- 
dency to relegate them to the role of retail 
storekeepers. Our graduates must there- 
fore always keep before them a true 
perspective of their own functions together 
with a sense of their true responsibilities to 
the public. To guard the professional prero- 




gatives of the pharmacist is inherently the 
prinnary function of our Society. Based on 
the Pharmacy Acts our Society will en- 
sure, in so far as lies in its power, that no 
person, place or thing will be permitted to 
exploit the pharmacist through the public, 
or the public through the pharmacist. I 
send to all Irish pharmacists my best wishes 
for 1947 and fraternal greetings on 
their behalf to our colleagues in Great 
Britain and Northern Ireland. To you, Mr. 
Editor, I tender the thanks of Irish phar- 
macy for your generosity in the matter of 
space over the past year, and on behalf of 
our Society I wish you a very prosperous 
New Year. 

7. Kevin Whelehan, 

President. 

Unity and Co-operation in 1947 

From the PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF 
NORTHERN IRELAND 

I SKND greetings and best of luck to all our 
members at home and abroad. We have 
just been celebrating our coming of age, and 
on the whole we have grown up to be a 
fairly healthy Society. We now work under 
our new Pharmacy Act and in the near 
future we will be having a new Health 
\ci. The Council will have to give the 
Act careful consideration when it does ap- 
pear, and my message to you all is this — 
let unity and co-operation be your watch 
word in 1947. 

John W. Gray. 

President. 

From Destructive to Constructive 
Conceptions 

From the CHEMISTS' AND DRUGGISTS' SOCIETY 
OF IRELAND 

The best of good wishes to all the members 
of the craft in Great Britain, Eire and over- 
seas. The cessation of war is comparatively 
recent, and we are now passing through a 
phase of doubt and uncertainty as to the 
possible effects of present and impending 
legislation : and forebodings of inflation, in- 
creased costs, and international crises. We 
may regard this phase, however, as transi- 



tory, and due to conditions yet in a state 
of flu.x, a period of adjustment in which we 
are rapidly moving from destructive to con- 
structive conceptions, to better industrial 
organisation, more technical efficiency, and 
greater productivity of labour. But above 
and beyond all this our hopes are centred 
in the United Nations Organisation, and 
we pray that it may be successful in arriving 
at a common understanding and agreement. 
It is upon this basis that the success of all 
our efforts must ultimately depend. 

Fred Storey. 

President. 

The Work of the Healer 

From the SOCIETY OF APOTHECARIES OF 
LONDON 

To the readers of The Chemist and Drug- 
gist, the Worshipful Society of the Art and 
Mistery of Apothecaries of London sends 
its New Year greetings and its wishes 
for their health, happiness and prosperity. 

.\i the end of the second year of recon- 
struction supplies are better. Penicillin has 
been released for sale, there has been a 
welcome return of circulars of information 
upon old and new drugs from manufac- 
turing chemists. The Society of Apothe- 
caries has always fostered the work of the 
healer. Recently it bestowed its gold medal 
upon Sir Alexander Fleming and Sir 
Howard Florey ; many of its freemen have 
worked or are working in therapeutics or 
biochemistry ; two past masters. Dr. Cecil 
Wall and Dr. Arthur Gibbons, helped in 
compiling the British Pharmacopoeia : the 
work of Professor Dodds, our Junior War- 
den, on stilboestrol is outstanding. An- 
other of our freemen, Dr. Roche Lynch, is 
President of the Royal Institute of Chemis- 
try. The Society's examination for the 
-Assistants' certificate in dispensing, now 
130 years old, attracts many candidates. 
The medical profession recognises that the 
holder of it is one of efficiency in dispensing. 
I am sure the year 1947 will see more 
progress by the Society in their work 
of bringing help to the sick. 

C. Thackray Parsons, 

Master. 



854 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



Pharmacy has Demonstrated its 
Ability 

From the GUILD OF PUBLIC PHARMACISTS 

To all pharmacists, members of the Guild 
of Public Pharmacists and others, whatever 
their sphere or position at this time, 
I send wishes for a happy and prosperous 
New Year. In moving towards a new con- 
ception of the importance of the pharmacist 
to the community pharmacy has demon- 
strated its ability and intention to provide 
the service which the community requires. 
The new year will bring further opportuni- 
ties of providing and improving the service 
which pharmacy alone is qualified to render 
and of demanding in return a full recogni- 
tion of the worth of the pharmacist. Phar- 
macy moves onwards but its pace is re- 
tarded by the attitude of those members 
who are disinterested refusing to play their 
part. Every pharmacist should resolve that 
during the coming year he or she will play a 
full part in fostering and developing the 
profession. 

David Currie, 

President. 

Opportunity to Widen and 
Increase Service 

From the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WOMEN 
PHARMACISTS 

Greetings to all pharmacists at home. 
Greetings also to those who have set out 
from our midst to fill posts throughout the 
Empire. Some, there, may be experiencing 
a type of national health service resembling 
the one which is to follow the addition of 
the National Health Service Act to our own 
Statute book. With comparative equanim- 
ity, pharmacists, unlike doctors and dentists, 
have watched closely the passage of the 
Bill, seeing in its few references to phar- 
macy the opportunity to widen and increase 
the service they have given patients from 
their pharmacies during the period of 
the past thirty years. 

Greetings for 1947 must include the wish 
that pharmacists, in this all-important year, 
will be true to themselves and to their pro- 
fession, that they, no less than other pro- 
fessions, will conclude satisfactory negotia- 
tions and play a full part in planning to 
ensure that each member of his public, when 
he becomes a patient, shall receive the full 
benefits of the pharmaceutical service which 
can be given by modern pharmacy. 

C. Mozley-Stark, 

President. 



Pharmacy will Continue to Grow 
in Stature 

From the NATIONAL JOINT INDUSTRIAL 
COUNCIL FOR RETAIL PHARMACY 

It is with absolute faith that pharmacy will 
find its rightful place in the changing times 
which lie immediately ahead that I send on 
behalf of the Council a cordial New Year 
greeting to all engaged in our great calling. 
The relations between employers and those 
employed have continued to progress. 
Whilst it would be idle to pretend that we 
have yet secured the solid economic foun- 
dation for pharmacy which is so vital to 
its prosperity, I believe that the work of 
the Council has contributed substantially 
towards that end. That rates of remunera- 
tion remain in many cases well in excess of 
the prescribed minima is a matter for con- 
gratulation and as the minimum rates can be 
improved, so we trust it will be possible to 
maintain that difference. As we approach 
the inception of the National Health Ser- 
vice, it is incumbent on all engaged in the 
practice of pharmacy to contribute in every 
way they can to ensuring that the skill and 
knowledge of pharmacists are allowed their 
fullest possible expression in their service of 
the nation. Pharmacy has in tlie past made 
great contributions to the public well-being. 
Whatever the lines of future development 
in the pharmaceutical service may be, I 
firmly believe that in serving the common 
good, pharmacy as a calling will continue 
to grow in stature and that it will be able 
to provide for those engaged in it a satisfy- 
ing standard of social, professional and 
economic life. May that be my New Year 
hope for the craft. 

G. A. MallinsoTiy 

Chairman. 

The Finest Education Possible 

Froyn the BRITISH PHARMACENTICAL STUDENTS' 
ASSOCIATION 

On behalf of the executive of B.P.S.A. I 
should like to take this opportunity of con- 
veying New Year greetings and best wishes 
for success in the coming year to all phar- 
macy students and apprentices. To tlie pre- 
sident and members of the Council of the 
Pharmaceutical Society ; to all pharmacists ; 
and also the academic staffs of schools of 
pharmacy ; we send greetings for a very 
happy and prosperous New Year. Finally, 
I should like to extend special New Year 
greetings to pharmacy students in other 
countries, and also to those young pharma- 
cists serving in His Majesty's Forces. 



I December 28 1^46 

I As we look forward to 1947, let us re- 
laffirm our stern resolve to further pharmacy 
las a profession and a scientific subject ; to 
secure for all entrants to pharmacy the 
finest education possible ; and upon quali- 
fication an adequate remuneration com- 
mensurate with their skill and their service 
to the community. 

Stephen B. Challen, 
I President. 

Service to the Community 

IFrom the ASSOCIATION OF SCIENTIFIC WORKERS 
The Association of Scientific Workers sends 
[its good wishes for the New Year to all 
pharmacists, and especially to those who 
have recently returned from service in the 
Forces. Under the new National Health 
Act, pharmacy will, it is hoped, be able 
to play an even more important part in 
knaintaining and improving the health of 
[the nation than heretofore. Pharmaceutical 
organisations must themselves ensure that 
khe pharmaceutical arrangements under this 
l\ct are such that the professional skill of 
kheir members can be used to the fullest 
extent in service to the community. To 
khose other organisations who are interested, 
and working, in this field, the A. of S.W. 
[also extends its very best wishes for pros- 
perity and happiness. 

7. H. Humphrey, 
Chairman, Medical Sciences Committee. 

Goodwill Between Employers 
and Employed 

From the CHEMICAL WORKERS' UNION 
Kn the name of the Chemical Workers' 
lUnion and its members, we send to all 
Engaged in the manufacturing, wholesale 
and retail drug and fine chemical trades, 
greetings and best wishes for the coming 
pear. The termination of hostilities has 
based some problems but created others, 
kvhich with goodwill between employers and 
employed can be faced. In the coming 
Struggles for world trade, the allied trades 
nave a part to play besides meeting in- 
creased demands arising out of the new 
nealth services, and it is certain that, as 
ever before, they will meet all demands. 
In both manufacturing and retail distribu- 
tion there are jomt organisations of em- 
ployers and employed, and through the 
closest co-operation of these organisations, 
|the future can be faced with confidence. 

H. 7. Garnett, 

President. 



855 

Wide Vision and Wise Under- 
standing 

From the UNION OF SHOP. DISTRIBUTIVE AND 

ALLIED WORKERS 
The Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied 
Workers sends the Season's greetings to 
those engaged in the pharmaceutical, drug 
and allied trades. Particularly do those 
greetings extend to the employees therein 
whose co-operative spirit expressed itself so 
splendidly through the years of national 
emergency and to those returned from the 
Services, reunited with their colleagues. The 
U.S.D.A.W,, which itself is born on January 
I, 1947, as a result of the amalgamation of 
the National Union of Distributive and 
Allied Workers with the National Union of 
Shop Assistants, Warehousemen and Clerks 
(which includes the Association of Pharma- 
ceutical Employees) is an amalgamation 
that will at least remove one conflicting 
argument in organisation. U.S.D.A.W. has 
thus, in its constituents, had a long con- 
nection with the chemical and allied trades. 
It is represented on J.I.C.'s connected with 
these trades and has a seat on the 
negotiating body, the Joint Committee 
on a National Pharmaceutical Service. 
We hope the problems which confront 
us will be solved by wide vision and 
wise understanding of modern needs and 
that the National Health Service, in which 
at least a section of the above trades will 
play an important part, will '^rove of in- 
estimable benefit to the common good and 
provide a reasonable return to those whose 
knowledge and skill will contribute to the 
well-being of the nation during the years 
which confront it. 

P. Cottrell, 

President. 

A United Front for Pharmacists 

From the SCOTTISH PHARMACENTICAL 
FEDERATION 

Once again it is my privilege, through 
the medium of The Chemist and 
Druggist, to extend best wislies for 
the coming year to my fellow phar- 
macists both at home and those still 
in the Services. What the future has 
in store for us is in the lap of the gods. 
1 have always been an optimist with regard 
to the future of phamiacy and see no cause 
to alter my opinion in spite of the changes 
which will take place under the new 
National Health Service. Our leaders, both 
in England and Scotland, by their fore- 
thought and interchange of points of 



FHt CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



856 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



view have kept the interests of pharmacy 
before the powers that be. I believe that 
the men behind the counter, especially 
those who did not interest themselves very 
much in pharmaceutical affairs in the past 
are rallying behind their leaders, so much 
so that when the time arrives for the ar- 
rangement for terms of service and remu- 
neration under the new service the Govern- 
ment will be faced with a united front. In 
conclusion, I urge the pharmacist in busi- 
ness to put his house in order so as to meet 
the changed conditions which will be re- 
quired in the new service. 

Charles A. Buick, 

President. 

Sales of Medicinals through 
Chemists 

From the IRISH DRUG ASSOCIATION 

It is my pleasant duty to wish the members 
of the Irish Drug Association a very happy 
and prosperous New Year. Each succeeding 
year sees our membership growing and with 
that growth it is only reasonable to assume 
that our influence in the drug trade in this 
country stands at a very high level. To 
consolidate and strengthen that influence 
each member can help directly and in- 
directly in maintaining our rightful claim 
to be the proper channel of distribution for 
medicines and medicinal preparations. To- 
wards that end I should like once again to 
remind members of the "" Approved List 
policy of our Association. That list of ap- 
proved lines, like our membership, is grow- 
irig with the years. We on our part will 
give our vvholehearted support to those 
manufacturers who confine the sales of their 
medicinal preparations to chemists. One- 
and-a-half years after the end of the world 
war, supplies are still difficult so let us all 
hope that at the end of the year this war- 
weary world will be back in the position 
of supply meeting demand and demand 
meeting supply. 

M. Costelloe. 

President. 

Wise Counsels and Cool Heads 

From the ULSTER CHEMISTS' ASSOCIATION 

It gives me great pleasure to send New 
Year greetings to the various pharmaceuti- 
cal bodies in Great Britain, and especially 
to members and associates of the Ulster 
Chemists' Association. The new year is a 
time for looking forward. We cannot at 
any time, and particularly at the present 
time, foretell the future. Nevertheless we 



look forward to the coming year with hope 
and high resolution. Although I feel, as 1 
think all do more or less, disappointment 
at the prolonged, and apparently fruitless 
deliberations of our peace makers, I do hope 
that wise counsels and cool heads vvill be 
successful in solving the problems that face 
the world and its peoples. I believe that 
by the exercise of the same courage and 
determination which has characterised our 
dealings with our problems in the past, we 
shall during the coming year solve those 
which will arise concerning the projected 
National Health Ser-\-ice. 

R. Gibson, 

President. 

Partnership of Responsibility 

From the WHOLESALE DRUG TRADE ASSOCIATION 

To those in the drug industry perhaps the 
most significant fact about the new National 
Health Service is that it confirms and places 
on a more comprehensive footing the posi 
tion of the pharmacist as the direct supplier 
of drugs and medicine to the patient. A 
strong bond of mutual interest and estab- 
lished custom has always bound the whole- 
sale druggist and the pharmacist closely to- 
gether ; the passing of the National Health 
Service Act will cement this bond into a 
firm and insoluble partnership of respon- 
sibility. It is the pharmacist through 
whom the pharmaceutical manufacturer 
and wholesale distributor will find a proper 
outlet for the products of the manufacturing 
laboratory and it is in this great responsi- 
bility for maintaining the pharmaceutical 
services of the nation that the wholesale 
drug trade will continue to find its own 
fundamental unity. In sending my New 
Year's greetings to all our members I know 
that they are with me in extending to phar- 
macists of this country the assurance that 
we shall play our full part in helping them 
to maintain the national pharmaceutical 
services at the highest levels of efficiency. 

Ian Fergusson, 

President. 

Our Earnest Desire to Serve 
The Craft 

From the NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL UNION 

Thank you for the privilege of sending a 
message to the members of the N.P.U. 
through the medium of your columns. The 
year now fast drawing to a close has seen 
the celebration of the silver jubilee of our 
organisation. Looking back we are entitled 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



857 



to be thoroughly proud of thr results 
of the work of the past twenty-five 
years. But what of the future? 
Surely it must be oui- constant endeavour 
to maintain and improve the independence 
jof the N.P.U. We have willini^ly, in con- 
junction with the Pharmaceutical Society, 
|put all our resources at the disposal of the 
Joint Clonmiittee on the new National 
iHealth Service. It will be our earnest desire 
at all times to serve the craft that we all 
love so well and for which we have sacrificed 
Iso much. In providing the public with the 
Ifinest pharmaceutical service possible, I am 
[certain we are entitled to see pharmacy and 
Ithe phainiacist occupying an honourable 
Iposition in the new health service. Whilst 
Inot desiring to be foolishly optimistic, I feel 
Ithat we can look forward to a fair reward 
Ifor our labours. In the meantime, may I 
wish you all a very happy Clhristmas and 
hope that the New Year will see the fulfil- 
ment of all our hopes. 

Harry Steinman, 

Chairman. 



Support from all Sections of 
Pharmacy 

From the CHEMISTS' FEDERATION 

I (Formerly the Cfu mists' Friends Association) 

I At the close of each year we are mindful of 
I those events which have provided the mile- 
Istones of the way we have come, and which 
Ishow, perhaps, the way ahead. The 
IChemists' Federation has made considerable 
[strides : witness the development and 
[strength of its policy and the increasing 
[support from all sections of pharmacy. To 
[maintain and develop, through the phar- 
macist, legitimate business, thus providing 
a genuine service to the public, is the policy 
which has knit closely together all three 
sections of the Federation. That is the way 
w'e have come. Ahead lies the awareness of 
the public of the C.F. service; confidence 
in the C.F. list and symbol as a guarantee 
of a high standard of pharmaceutical excel- 
lence. Sound business is an essential part 
of the life of the nation, and, as such, will 
[be stoutly assisted and maintained. May I. 
on behalf of the Council of the Federation, 
extend to all our members in Great Britain. 
Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man and the 
Channel Islands the best of good wishes and 
sincere greetings, and look forward with 
you all to a prosperous New Year. 

E. W. Godding, 

President. 



Opportunities for Restoring* 
Prosperity 

From Ih, PROPRIETARY ARTICLES TRADE 
ASSOCIATION 

May I extend greetings and good wishes 
for 1947 to all members of the P..A.T.A. — 
manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers. 
The continuing restrictions on supplies and 
services have made i 94H a difficult year for 
business enterprise. We have experienced 
the inevitable aftermath of six years of un- 
parallelled destruction. There seems to be 
good reason to hope that 1947 will see a 
near(>r approach to conditions in which 
business enterprise and initiative will find 
opportunities for restoring true prosperity. 

E. Skues, 

President. 



Chemical Industry Helping in 
World Recovery 

From th, ASSOCIATION OF BRITISH CHEMICAL 
MANUFACTURERS 

On behalf of members of the Association of 
British Chemical Manufacturers, I convey 
to all our friends at home and abroad our 
sincere good wishes for 1947. We are proud 
to feel that the chemical industries are 
among the industries which are not only 
making an eflfective contribution to our own 
export trade, but are helping world recovery 
by the provision of essential raw materials 
needed by other industries abroad. Of 
course, there are many obstacles in the 
path of rehabilitation and further develop- 
ment, and it is essential that employers and 
employed should strive together to attain 
higher standards of production and effici- 
encv. 

L. P. O'Brien. 

Chairman. 



Trade Development in the 
CominjJ Year 

From Ih, PROPRIETARY ASSOCIATION OF GREAT 
BRITAIN 

It seems only a few weeks since I contri- 
buted a message of greetings at the com- 
mencement of 1946 and now we are on the 
threshold of another New Year. Once 
again, on behalf of the Proprietary Associa- 
tion of Great Britain. I extend be<;t wishes 
to all engaged in the pharmaceutical and 
allied trades. I hope that in the forthcom- 
ing year we shall all experience greater 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



Occtrmber 28, 1946 



satisfaction in the re-establishment and de- 
velopment of trade relationship than has 
been possible during recent years. For our 
part we shall endeavour to maintain fair 
and equitable distribution of our products, 
both at home and overseas. We regret that 
continuing circumstances prevent us from 
meeting all the requests we receive for our 
products. Especially to our friends in coun- 
tries abroad we would say that we are doing 
all we can to meet the exceptional demands 
they have made upon us. In conclusion, I 
wish happiness and prosperity to all your 
readers. 

F. A. S. Gwatkin, 

Chairman. 

May Rackets Cease and Quotas 
Increase 

From the PHOTOGRAPHIC DEALERS' 
ASSOCIATION 

On my own behalf and on that of the mem- 
bers of the National Council of the P.D.A., 
I send to fellow pharmacists and photo- 
graphic dealers greetings and good wishes 
for 1947. May some, at least, of the restric- 
tions which have hampered our business 
during the war years be lifted, may rackets 
cease and quotas increase. At the moment 
of writing, the film situation shows signs of 
slight improvement, but the position of 
paper is not too good. Members will be 
gratified by the Government move, 
prompted by the P.D.A., to limit the prices 
at which films, particularly those of un- 
known and dubious origin may be sold. 
Finally, I commend to your notice our ex- 
amination scheme for photographic assist- 
ants, which aims at making staff" as expert 
in photographic, as it is in pharmaceutical, 
knowledge. May the New Year bring you 
happiness and increased prosperity. 

Harold L. Warner, 

President. 

Greetings to Overseas Friends 

From the TOILET PREPARATIONS & PERFUMERY 
MANUFACTURERS' FEDERATION OF GREAT 
BRITAIN, LTD. 

After a year of strikingly successful export 
trade by the British toilet preparations and 
perfumery industry it gives me great 
pleasure to send most cordial greetings and 
good wishes for 1947 from tlie trade in 
Great Britain to our many fiicnds overseas 
and to assure them that we fully intend to 
make 1947 an even better year. Montli by 



month during 1946 we steadily increased 
our exports until by the end of the year we 
had shipped overseas nearly four times the 
value of our pre-war exports : tliis included 
not only the old and tried preparations — 
the characteristic perfumes and toilet 
waters, bath toiletries, brilliantines, etc. — 
but every type of product in the wide field 
covered by the industry — beauty and make- 
up products of all kinds in the newest colour 
shades, perfumes of every type from the 
exotic and heady bouquet to the delicate 
floral fragrance, nursery products, manicure 
preparations, hair products for both men 
and women and so on. We are proud of 
the confidence placed in the industry by 
overseas buyers and we can promise that we 
shall not let them down in 1947. I do not 
underestimate the continual difficulties that 
traders throughout the world are likely to 
have to face in 1947 and it is my earnest 
hope that a closer economic understanding 
between nations and a lowering of existing 
barriers to free international trade may be 
accomplished in the months to come. We 
in Britain realise the value of personal con- 
tact and many of us will be going over- 
seas in 1947 to renew old friendships and 
to develop new ones among all tliose to 
whom I am delighted to be able to send 
now our cordial good wishes for a pros- 
perous New Year. 

L. J. Matchan, 

Chairman. 

Trading Under Better Conditions 

From the BRITISH BRUSH MANUFACTURERS' 
ASSOCIATION 

It is with pleasure that I accept your in- 
vitation to extend a New Year greeting to 
all the readers of The Chemist & Drug- 
gist, and I would take this opportunity of 
wishing them all a very prosperous year. 
The brush industry will be commencing the 
new year's trading under better conditions 
than during the war years, owing to the 
almost complete decontrol of bristle. In 
addition to the brushes now being manu- 
factured in nylon, there is no doubt that in 
very near future pure bristle toilet brushes, 
tooth-brushes and shaving brushes will be 
on the market again. I am also glad to be 
able to inform readers that during the war 
years considerable development took place 
in this as well as other sections of the brush 
industry, and most of our manufacturers 
are introducing very up-to-date machinery 
and methods of manufacture into their fac- 
tories, which will undoubtedly enable them 
to enter with confidence into world com- 



December 28, I V4fc 



IMfc CHEMIST AND UKUGGISI 



859 



petition. I would accordingly ask your ex- 
port readers in particular to give United 
Kingdom manufacturers the first opportu- 
nity of satisfying their requirements, which 
I am sure they will be able to do in all 
respects as regards workmanship, quality 
and price. 

Harold C. Palmer, 

President. 

Freedom Gives an Impetus to 
Endeavour 

From the BRITISH CHEMICAL & DYESTUFFS 
TRADERS' ASSOCIATION 
I AM very pleased to accept the invitation 
of the Editor to extend New Year greetings 
to members of the Association and to many 
friends in the chemical industry. Progress 
has been made in all sections of the British 
chemical trade and the upward trend in the 



volume of overseas trade in chemicals and 
drugs represents an important contribution 
to the export drive. I feel sure much more 
could be achieved if industry and com- 
merce could proceed unhampered by re- 
strictions, high taxation and the shadow of 
State interference. The U.S.A. has recog- 
nised that freedom gives an impetus to en- 
deavour and enterprise whilst we in Britain 
remain under an ever-growing bureaucratic 
machine. With the coming of the New Year 
we nmst hope that wiser counsels will pre- 
vail which will renew our faith in ultimate 
and lasting recovery, and bring about the 
determination on all sides to put forth a 
maximum efTort. Let us enter the spirit of 
'947 with courage and continue to strive 
for enduring peace and prosperity. 

Victor Bla^den, 

President. 



PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY OF 
NORTHERN IRELAND 



The Council of the Pharmaceutical Society 
of Northern Ireland met in Belfast on 
December 13, Mr. J. W. Gray, J. P. (presi- 
dent) in the chair. There were also pres- 
ent Messrs. John McGregor (vice-president), 
H. H. Cowzer (treasurer), J. Abcrnethy, H, 
F. Moore, J. McDowell, Walter C. Tate, 
P. R. W. Shinner, H. W. Gamble, W. H. 
Boyd, Professor E. B. C. Mayrs and Mr. W. 
Ck)rman (secretary). Apologies were re- 
ceived from Messrs. F. R. Moore, J. P., J. 
Irwin and James Glendinning. 

The Secretary reported that it had been 
agreed to discuss the question of reciprocity 
for those who qualified under the " modified 
regulations " during the visit of the presi- 
dent and secretary of the Pharmaceutical 
Society of Great Britain to Belfast in 
March. Mr. McDowell suggested that 
Mr. Linstead should be invited to give a 
lecture during his stay on the new Health 
Service legislation in England. A motion 
to this effect was proposed by Mr. 
McDowell, seconded by Mr. McGregor, 
and passed unanimously. It was also 
agreed that the March meeting of the 
Council should be fixed to enable the visit- 
ing president of the Phannaceutical Society 
of Great Britain to attend. 

University Representatives 

A letter was received from the Senate 
of Queen's University stating that Professor 
Mayrs and Professor J. Small, the present 
representatives on the Council, had been 



appointed to serve for a further period of 
three years as University representatives. 

The Secretary again reported on the 
question of the most suitable place for 
" thyroid gland, active principles of, their 
salts " in the Poisons Schedule to conform 
to English labelling practice. It had been 
suggested at the previous meeting of the 
Council that the difficulty could be met by 
placing thyroid in Section I of Schedule 
VII, but on further examination it was con- 
sidered that it might be better to place it 
in Schedule I together with oestrogenic 
substances. The change was proposed by 
Mr. McGregor, seconded by Professor 
Mayrs, and approved. Action will be 
taken accordingly with the Ministry of 
Home .Affairs. 

A letter was received from the Federa- 
tion Internationale Pharmaceutique stating 
that the 1947 conference would be held in 
Zurich in August. 

The Secretary reported that a small 
number of members had failed to pay the 
retention fees due in September, although 
they had been circularised twice. Most of 
those concerned were living in England or 
Eire, so that it was not necessaiy for them 
to be members of the Society. .Anyone 
struck off could be reinstated on pa>Tnent 
of the outstanding fee. It was decided, on 
the motion of Mr. McDowell, seconded 
by Mr. Boyd, that the names of members 
who had not paid their retention fees by 
January i should be struck off. 



860 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



Certificates of apprenticeship were 
granted to the following, who had submit- 
ted recognised qualifications : Leslie W. 
Prelon, Ballyrnena ; Rose G. Tierney, 
Geoffrey C. Willmann, Londonderry : 
Robert H. Ryans, Portadown ; Charles T. 
T. LafTerty. 

Deputation to Ministry 

The Education Committee recommended 
that a deputation should be appointed to 
interview the Ministry of Home Affairs on 
the question of holding further examina- 
tions under certain parts of the old syllabus, 
and on instruction in the Belfast College of 
Technology, particularly with reference to 
the establishment of a department of 
pharmacy. It was also recommended that 
the examination question should be dis- 
cussed at a special meeting of the Educa- 
tion Committee. The Committee's min- 
utes were adopted on the motion of Messrs. 
McGregor and Tate. It was decided that 
the deputations should consist of Messrs. 
McGregor, McDowell and Tate, with the 
secretary. 

Mr. Gamble referred to complaints 
about the thirty working hours required 
under the new Regulations. It was held 
that complaints should be made in writing 
for consideration by the Council. 

Examiners* Report 

The report of the examiners at the 
December examinations showed that in the 
Final Qualifying Examination, Part II, 
twenty-nine candidates sat, nineteen passed, 
five were referred and five failed. Three 
were referred in physics and two in 
chemistry. The examiners were Mr. G. 
Perrins and Dr. J. E. Driver. In the 
Preliminary Scientific, Part I, fifty can- 
didates sat, twenty passed, twenty were 
referred and ten failed. Two were referred 
in physics, two in chemistry, one in botany 
and chemistry, two in botany and physics 
and thirteen in chemistry and physics. The 
examiners were Professor K. G. Emeleus, 
Dr. M. J. Lynn, Dr. Driver and Mr. W. E. 
Armour. It was agreed that the certificates 
of the successful candidates should be pre- 
sented to them at the January meeting of 
the Council. 

New Health Service 

A discussion took place on the desirability 
of following up the suggestion made by the 
Minister of Health and Local Government 
at the Society's coming-of-age dinner that 
the pharmaceutical profession should sub- 
mit proposals as to the place it ought to 



occupy in the new Health Service. Mr 
Abernethy said it was important that thi 
Council and the Ulster Chemists' Associa 
tion should take full advantage of the invi 
tation. Mr. Shin.ner said that by no 
pressing its claims the Society had failed t( 
obtain representation on the Healtl 
Advisory Council. The President saic 
the Society had asked for representatioi 
but they had been informed that the Healtl 
.Advisory Council was dealing with admini 
strative matters ; the Society would be con- 
sulted before anything was done. Mr 
McDowell suggested that the Counci 
should appoint a deputation to hold a pre- 
liminary discussion with the Ministry ol 
Health with a view to forming a joint com- 
mittee representing the Council and the 
trade to consider the matter. It was de- 
cided that the deputation should consist ol 
Mr. McGregor and Mr. McDowell with the 
secretary and that the members of the 
Council should be supplied with copies ol 
the English Act to study. 

CROSSWORD SOLUTION 

Key to " Plowman's " Christmas Crossword 
puzzle set in C. & D., December 21, p. 812. 



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Prescription Problem Solution 

The correct rendering of the prescription 
reproduced in The Chemist and Druggi.st. 
December 21, p. 812, is as follows: — 
R. Tab. Ergotamin Tartrate 
Sig. i before attack. 
Mitte vi. 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



861 



HEREDITY AND ENVIRONMENT 

Summary of an address given by Dr. F. A. E. Crew (Professor of 
Public Health and Social Medicine, Edinburgh University before the 
North British Branch of the Pharmaceutical Society recently. 



Pharmacy and medicine are different but 
allied professions dedicated to the active 
promotion of the health, happiness and 
efficiency of the people. From time to time 
we should lift our eyes from our immediate 
tasks and endeavour to inform ourselves as 
to the value of our efforts to the commun- 
ity. If our theories are sound and our prac- 
tices scientific, we can surely expect that the 
■ttacks upon ill-health which have so con- 
istently been made shall have achieved 
some discernible measure of success. The 
eneral healthiness of the population, as 
measured by the relative in frequency of 
norbidity of a major kind, has never been 
etter, in spite of the deprivations and 
nxieties of the war years. The children of 
oday are taller and heavier than were 
heir parents at the same age. Infant mor- 
ality in Scotland has been falling, and the 
xpectancy of life for the young and the 
niddle-aged has become progressively 
engthened. The marriage rate and the 
birthrate have risen, and the population 
ncreased in total numbers. There are on 
he other hand a rising divorce rate, much 
bsenteeism, an increasing social pessimism 
nd a tendency towards the vulgarisation of 
ultural life. 

Determination to Refashion " 

On all sides there is expressed a fierce 
etermination to refashion the environment 
n which the people are living. Legislative 
neasures are busily attempting to over- 
helm misery, malnutrition, poverty and 
nsecurity. The environmentalist reasonably 
resents the view that a great deal of 
11-health and inefficiency is due to deletcr- 
ous factors present in the physical and ex- 
ernal world, preventing normal healthy 
evelopment. There is the suggestion that 
he typical Scot at the moment of concep- 
ion is potentially endowed with the prom- 
se of robust health and remarkable effi- 
iency ; if later he proves to be otherwise, it 
is because his environment has prevented 
he expression of his most admirable quali- 
ies. If tliis is granted, it follows that, if 
e environment that is Scotland is swept 
lean of all hindrances to normal develop- 
ent, and is packed with stimuli to provoke 
healthy growth of mind and body, the Scot 
will achieve an even greater grandeur in 
the future than in the past. 



The Scotland that we are determined to 
create, however, will provide an environ- 
ment that will demand for its full enjoy- 
ment a human population endowed by 
nature with the capacity to take the fullest 
advantage of it. The people now living, 
who will provide the inhabitants of this new 
world, are deinonstrably not all the same in 
general ability, character, emotional stabil- 
ity, will-power, humour and sociality. It 
becomes a matter of profound importance 
to inquire into the reasons for these differ- 
ences. Are the dull and backward and the 
feeble-minded the product of a faulty social 
structure or of the poverty of their initial 
organic endowment? Will Scotland pro- 
duce an increase in the relative numbers of 
the able? We as a people cannot be healthy 
if the general level of intelligence of the 
population is low and tends to become 
lower. 

Instruments or Measuring Intelligence 

During recent years, developments in 
psychology have provided instruments of 
precision for measuring the general intelli- 
gence of an individual or of a group. By 
general intelligence is meant mental cap- 
acity, mother wit, the ability to grasp ideas 
and to comprehend complexities : and it is 
mainly an inborn ability independent of 
special training or education. Such ability, 
measured by means of a battery of tests, 
becomes fully expressed by the age of about 
fifteen years, growing very rapidly up to 
this age but not at all thereafter. It is pos- 
sible by the use of such tests to assess the 
mental age of any given individual. Thr 
mental age multiplied by a hundred and 
divided by the actual age of the individual 
gives what is called the intelligence quotient 
or I.Q. Categories ranging from idiots 
(I.Q. o — 25) to those of very superior 
ability (I.Q. 120 — 140) exist in any given 
population. It is generally agreed that the 
attribute that these intelligence tests assess 
is the product of the interplay of nature 
and nurture, of an inborn potentiality and 
an environmental * opportunity. Nature- 
plays the greater role. It would be expected 
that the distribution of the various grade* 
of general ability among a population would 
be similar to the distribution of stature, and 
that in a population such as the Scottish 
there would be about 5 per cent, of the 
hisrhly gifted. 20 per cent, of the more 



862 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGISI 



December 28, 1946 



than usually able, 50 per cent, of average 
ability, 20 per cent, of individuals ex- 
hibiting ability of various grades but all 
below the average, and 5 per cent, that are 
completely subnormal and feeble-minded 
or worse. If the distribution of general 
ability in the population is markedly differ- 
ent so that, for example, there are dispro- 
portionate numbers of individuals of less 
than average intelligence, then it would 
mean that the new social structure would 
have to be attuned to the needs of the 
poorly endowed. 

Ability and Income 

As measured by the intelligence tests 
now in use, the grade of general ability ex- 
hibited by a given individual tends to be 
associated with the socio-economic group 
to which he belongs. The higher the socio- 
economic class, the higher is the average 
I.Q. of its component members. In general 
it is found that the highest grade of general 
ability is found among the professional 
classes and the lowest grade is associated 
with the least complicated and least res- 
ponsible tasks that are undertaken in our 
society. Thus there tends to be a harmony 
between the general ability of a socio- 
economic group and the responsibilities 
which its members are called upon to under- 
take. Do the conditions which surround 
or imprison a particular socio-economic 
group so thwart human development that 
a low grade of general ability must inevit- 
ably result, or, on the other hand, does the 
grade of the general ability of an individual 
tend to place him in his appropriate socio- 
economic niche? 

The grade of general ability of children 
has been shown to have a definite and sig- 
nificant relation to that of their parents. 
The children of the different socio-economic 
groups are to be distinguished amongst 
themselves by differences in the average 
level of general ability. The range of in- 
telligence quotients from the children of 
professional workers to those of unskilled 
labourers is only twenty points, and all fall 
within the categories " average to superior 
ability." None are subnormal, so that the 
differences between them do not divide 
them into good and bad but only into differ- 
ent grades of goodness. Are these differ- 
ences due to the environmental inequalities 
which undoubtedly distinguish the differ- 
ent socio-economic groups, or are they ex- 
pressions of differences in respect of inborn 
capacity? 

When children are reared in institutions 
or by foster parents apart from their own 



parents, there tends to be a correlation 
between their I.Q.s and those of their actual 
parents. The I.Q.s of children transferred 
from bad environments to good have in a 
number of studies moved up, but by no 
more than a few points. It has been sug- 
gested that improvement in general ability 
in such cases is to be expected only when 
the transfer from bad to good has been car- 
ried out at a very early age. 

Identical twins having the same heredi- 
tary constitution do not have the same I.Q., 
although they are much more alike in this 
respect than are fraternal twins. Certain 
studies would seem to show quite conclus- 
ively that, in the main, differences in re- 
spect of general ability are the expression 
of differences in inborn capacity. Educa- 
tion makes a relatively small contribution. 

There is no evidence to show that disease, 
save of the brain itself, and malnutrition 
affect the I.Q., but deafness and blindness 
necessarily retard the capacity to learn. It 
is a matter of some interest to note that in 
respect of this general ability there is no 
difference whatsoever between the male 
and the female, whilst the evidence that 
would seem to suggest that there are 
" racial " differences in respect of this qual- 
ity is inconclusive. 

There is apparently a negative correlation 
between the intelligence of the child and 
the size of the family to which the child 
belongs. In general the larger the family 
the lower is the average I.Q. of its com- 
ponents, perhaps because the more intelli- 
gent amongst us tend to marry later and 
produce fewer children. The later mem- 
bers of a large family tend to have an older 
mother and the I.Q. of the child seems to 
be influenced by the age of the mother. On 
the whole the average general ability of city 
children is higher than that of country 
children. 

Fall in Average I.Q. 

The average intelligence of total popula- 
tion, as measured by the tests, seems to be 
sinking generation by generation. There 
is, it appears, a slight but nevertheless sig- 
nificant difference in the average I.Q. 
between parental and filial generations, a 
difference of about two to three points. 
It is most important to be sure that this 
observation is correct : that the drop is not 
due to faulty sampling or to differences in 
the techniques of investigation or in the 
standards used. We must also discover 
whether or not the gentle but progressive 
lowering of the average intelligence is tak- 
ing place in Scotland as well as elsewhere. 



I 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



863 



Finally we must satisfy ourselves that this 
phenomenon, if it is occurring, is really of 
serious importance : whether the new world 
we are planning will demand for its man- 
agement and enjoyment a majority of in- 
habitants highly endowed with the qualities 
these tests disclose, or whether in the Scot- 
land of the future qualities other than the 
ability to deal with abstractions, concepts 
and relationships, qualities such as charac- 
ter, emotional stability, humour and apti- 
tude in the design and control of mechanical 
contraptions will be of greater value. 

Intelligence and Offspring 

Is the reproductive rate of parents with 
I.Q.s of eighty and under significantly 
higher than that of parents with I.Q.s of 
I20 and over? We have no means as yet of 
answering this question : there are no ade- 
quate records. Should it prove to be so 
then we must decide whether or not it is 
of importance. Appropriate steps to check 
or reverse the process can be taken only by 
reducing the number of offspring contri- 
buted to the next generation by the poorly 
endowed and increasing the contribution of 
the highly endowed. Legislative action must 
be based on biological rather than on eco- 
nomic considerations. 

Town planning must be designed to in- 
crease the family size of the skilled artisan, 
the clerical worker, the business man and 
the professional classes, and to decrease the 
family size of the unskilled and the in- 
capable. The producers must be encour- 
aged to reproduce as well as to produce. 
Democracy is impossible unless the 
majority of the citizens are competent to 
understand social and political complexities. 
The lower the average I.Q. the more likely 
it is that the ballot box will become the 
servant of the tyrant. 

At the present time the Dominions are 
attracting the skilled artisan, reinforcing 
themselves by individuals of our stock who 
are likely to be of average or above average 
I.Q. Scotland is losing craftsmen whose go- 
ing will tend to disturb the average of intel- 
ligence in the population, not only in this 
direction but also in the future. Develop- 
ments in the educational field, the raising 
of the school age, adult education, the sug- 
gested foundation of a fifth University, all 
derive their impetus from the assumption 
that large numbers of our young people are 
so equipped in respect of native ability that 
they can easily pass through these institu- 
tions. If the average intelligence is falling 
then ultimately it may be necessary to 
widen their gates. 



CHEMISTS' FEDERATION 

A MEETING of the Council of the Chemists' 
Federation was held on December 5, the 
president of the Federation in the chair. 
A meeting of the CF. Standards Committee 
had been held on the previous day. 

An application for manufacturer mem- 
bership of the C.F. from British Felsol Co., 
Ltd., in respect of Felsol powders was con- 
sidered and accepted. 

Three other applications were considered 
and were deferred for further consideration 
to enable matters concerning claims made 
and terms offered to be taken up with the 
manufacturers concerned. 

The following applications for additions 
to the schedules of existing C.F. agreements 
were considered and accepted from 
Wigglesworth, Ltd., in respect of Gould's 
black cherry linctus and Fumora cigarettes, 
from Christie George & Co., in respect of 
Calobalm antiseptic calamine balm ; and 
from Southern Utilities, Ltd., in respect of 
Anaemax. 

A report of the first two meetings of the 
C.F. Finance and Organisations Committee 
was received and adopted. A permanent 
Finance and Organisation Committee was 
appointed to consist of the following mem- 
bers : — The president, the treasurer and 
Messrs. G. A. Mallinson, R. C. Feather and 
F. J. Smith. 

The following C.F. manufacturers' rep- 
resentatives were appointed as members of 
the Northern Ireland C.F. Committee : — 

Mr. R. J. Jeffcrs (Allen & Hanburys, 
Ltd.), to serve for a further period of two 
years ; and Mr. C. J. Hall (Evans Medical 
Supplies, Ltd.), to serve for a further period 
of one year. 

It was reported that no C.F. manufac- 
turer had objected to the extension of C.F. 
agreements to cover the Channel Islands 
and it was decided that this extension of the 
activities of the Federation should take 
effect from January i. In connexion with 
the extension, it was agreed that the appli- 
cation of Renoufs, Ltd., 4.^ Don Street, 
Jersey, for wholesaler membership of the 
C.F. should be accepted. 

Other matters discussed by the C.F. 
Council included the sales of C.F. products 
by unqualified traders, supply of C.F. pro- 
ducts to approved drug stores, the question 
of special discounts given by C.F. manufac- 
turers to retail chemists acting as depots, 
and the arrangements to be made in con- 
nexion with the next annual meeting of 
C.F. manufacturers, which is to be held in 
London on January 30. iq47- 



864 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. 1946 



TRADE REPORT 



Spot quotations for pharmaceutical chemica 
of standard quality. Prices of crude drugs 

28 Essex St., W.C.2, December 24 

Only a negligible amount of business is 
being transacted this week, and most busi- 
ness premises are closed from this evening 
until December 30. There have been no 
price changes notified in Pharmaceutical 
Chemicals. In this issue, quotations for 
a number of additional products, mainl>- 
imported from the United States, are given. 
In some instances supplies are small and it 
is not always possible to satisfy the require- 
ments of would-be buyers. No appreciable 
changes have occurred in the market for 
Crude Drugs which has experienced quiet 
conditions during the past week. Shipment 
quotations for current-crop and new crop 
Gum acacia are given ; spot prices are 
somewhat easier. There has been a fair 
amount of business done in Waxes. Quota- 
tions for Carnauba are lower and a similar 
easier tendency is noted in Candelilla. 

The London Commodity Exchange, 
which closed at 12.30 p.m. today, will re- 
open on Friday morning, December 27. 

Pharmaceutical Chemicals 

Adrenaline. — Natural is quoted at 
5s. 6d. to 6s. per gram ; synthetic is priced 
at 2s. to 2s. 3d. per gram. 

Amidopyrine. — Quotations are in the 
region of ^.ys. 6d. per lb., according to quan- 
tity. Supplies are limited. 

Aspirin tablets. — Makers quote bulk 
supplies per 1,000 as follows : Under 5,000, 
3s. 6d. ; 5,000 and over, 3s. 46.; 10,000, 
3s. 3d.; 25,000, 3s. id.; 50,000, 3s.; 
100,000, 25. I id.; 250,000, 2s. io|d. ; 
500,000, 2s. lod. ; 1,000,000, 2s. gd. 

Benzocaine. — Quoted at 32s. 6d. to 
37s. 6d. per lb., according to quantity. 

Benzoic acid. — In limited supply, small 
quantities are quoted at 2s. gd. per lb. 

Boric acid. — The following are makers" 
current rates per ton lots of B.P. : Granu- 
lated, £60; crystal, £61; powder, £62. 
Commercial grades, £8 per ton less. Packed 
in i-cwt. bags, delivered carriage paid in 
Great Britain, in i-ton lots and upwards. 

Bromides. — Prices unchanged. Potas- 
sium, in quantities of 28 lb., is quoted at 
the following rates per lb. (containers in 
brackets): 3s. aid. (i-lb.); 3s. id. (4-lb.) ; 
3s. (7-lb.) ; 2s. ii^d. (14-lb.); 2s. lo^d. 
(28-lb.). Sodium, i Id. p(M lb. less, and 



Is represent the prices for wholesale quantities 
and essential oils vary as to brand or grade. 

.Ammonium, i|d. per lb. more, than above 
prices. Prices are net, without engagement. 

Calciferol. -Quoted at iis. to 12s. per 
gram. 

Chloral hydrate. — Prices are as fol- 
lows : 28 lb., 4s. 5d. per lb. ; 14 lb., 4s. gd. ; 
7 lb., 5s. ; less than 7 lb., 5s. 6d. per lb. 

Codeine. — Prices per oz., current in the 
home markets, are: Pure, ^ oz., 51s. gd. ; 
I oz., 49s. 3d. ; 2 oz.. 47s. gd. ; 3 oz., 47s. 
4 oz., 46s. gd. Hydrochloride, \ oz., 
46s. 4d. ; I oz., 44s. ; 2 oz., 42s. 6d. ; 3 oz., 
41S. gd. ; 4 oz., 41s. 6d. Phosphate, | oz., 
40s. gd. ; I oz., 38s. 3d. ; 2 oz., 36s. gd. ; 

3 oz., 36s. ; 4 oz., 35s. gd. Hydrobromide 
and Iodine as Pure ; Sulphate as Hydro- 
chloride. 

Glucose. ^ — Powdered monohydrate for 
the home trade is quoted as follows : 14. Ib.- 
28 lb., in 14-lb. lots, iifd. per lb.: 28 Ib.- 
112 lb., in 14-lb. lots, ii|d.; 28-lb., lo^d. 

GuAiACOLS. — Current prices are as fol- 
lows: Liquid, i6s. per lb. ; crystal, 15s. per 
lb.; carbonate, 15s. per lb. Supplies are 
limited. 

Homatropine.— Makers" prices per oz. 
are as follows (prices per gram in brackets) : 
Alkaloid. — i oz.. 97s. 6d. ; 4 oz.. g2s. 6d. ; 
16 oz., 87s. 6d. (4s.). Hydrochloride, 
Hydrobromide and Sulphate. — i oz., 
75s. ; 4 oz., 70s. ; 16 oz.. 65s. (3s. 2d.). 

Hyoscine hydrobromide. — Makers' 
price for i gram is 6s. 6d. ; i oz.. 150s.; 
larger quantities are quoted at T47S. fid. 
per oz. 

Ichthammol. — Importers" give the fol- 
lowing prices per lb. for B.P. material : bulk 
4s.; tins, 28-lb., 4s. pd. ; 14-lb., 5s.; i-lh.. 
5s. I old. 

Lactates. — Prices are as follows : Lac- 
tic ACID. — Six-winchester lots, 3s. per lb. : 
smaller quantities, 3s. id. Calcium lac- 
tate. — Small quantities, 2s. 5d. per lb. 
Calcium sodium lactate. — Powder, 
small lots, 3s. 7d. per lb. ; 14 lb.. 3s. 4d. : 
28 lb., 3s. 2d. ; granular, one penny per lli 
extra. 

Mandelk: acid. — Demand is good. Cur- 
rent prices are as follows : i lb., 22s. per lb. : 

4 lb., 20S. 3d.; 7 lb.. i8s. 6d. ; 14 lb.. 
1 6s. gd. ; 28 lb.. 1 5s. 

Mercury Salts. — Current rates per Ih. 
are as follows : Ammonium chloride, B.P.. 
powder. los. : lump, gs. lod. Bic hloride, 
B.P.. powder. 8s. lod. ; lump »)r granular. 



December 28. IV46 

9s. 2d. Mercurous chloride, B.P., 
los. 3d. Red oxide (light), B.P., iis. 
Yellow oxide, B.P., iis. 7-lb. lots art- 
6d. per lb. less #ian above prices. 

Morphine. — Prices per oz. current in the 
home market are: Pure, .J oz., 35s. 3d.; 
i oz., 52s. gd. ; 2 oz., 51s. 3d.; 3 oz., 
50s. 6d. ; 4 oz., 50s. 3d. Hydrochloride, 
i oz., 46s. gd. ; i oz., 44s. 3d. ; 2 oz., 
42s. gd. ; 3 oz., 42s. ; 4 oz., 41s. gd. Bime- 
CONATE and Tartrate, as Pure ; Acetate, 
Hydrobromide and Sulphate, as Hydro- 
chloride. 

Phenac:etin. - In limited supply. Small 
quantities would be worth 4s. 6d. per lb. 

Phenazone.— Importers" quotations are 
at 1 8s. to 20s. per lb. 

Phenobarbitone. -Clurrent price of this 
chemical and of Soluble phenobarbitone 
is 35s. per lb. 

Crude Dru^s 

Aloes. —Clura^ao is steady at 270s. per 
cwt., on the spot ; forward, from 235s. to 
245s., c.i.f. Cape is not available. 

Anise (star). — Steady. Quotations are 
unchanged at igos. to 210s. per cwt., on the 
spot; shipment, 120s., c.i.f. 

Areca nuts. - Ceylon is firmly held at 
65s. per cwt. ; shipment, 62s. bd., c.i.f. 

BucHU. — Quiet market. Short-rounds 
are offered from 4s, 3d. per lb., on the spot. 

Calabar beans. — Steady. Quotations 
are at is. gd. to is. loid. per lb., ex- 
warehouse Liverpool. 

CoLOCYNTH. — Fine-white is quoted at 
2S. 6d. per lb., spot ; medium-white, 2S. 3d. 
per lb. 

Digitalis leaves. — Portuguese is steady 
at 1 30s. per cwt.. spot; English-grown, 
from 2s. 3d. to 2s. 6d. per lb. 

Ergot. — Fair material is quoted at 
5s. 3d. per lb., on the spot. 

Gentian. — Quotations for French root 
are steady at i 12s. per cwt., spot. 

Ginger. — Jamaica No. i is steady at 
130S. per cwt.; No. 2, 115s.; No. 3, 105s. 
African is unchanged at 82s. 6d., on the 
spot. 

Gum ACACIA. — Kordofan cleaned sorts. 
74s. per cwt., spot London or Liverpool. 
Shipment, current crop, 70s., c.i.f. ; new 
crop, March-April. 70s., c.i.f. 

Henbane. — Indian leaf firmly held at 
250s. per cwt., spot. Egyptian {muticus). 
shipment, 80s. per cwt., c.i.f. 

Mercury. — Government-owned stocks 
are quoted at £25 per flask. Future deliv- 



B6S 

ery, quoted £20 15s. per flask. For ship- 
ment, £20 6s., c.i.f., U.K. 

Myrrh. — Quotations for .\den sorts are 
firmer at £14 to £17 per cwt., according 
to nuality ; siftings are quoted at £10 j)ei 
I wt. 

NuT.MEOs. West Indian, 80 s, is worth 
4s. gd. per lb. ; sound unassorted, 4s. bd.. 
on the spot, sellers. 

Orange peel.- Si)anish quarters, quoted 
at IS. gd. per 11)., on the spot; sweet ril)- 
bon, is. gd. per 11). Italian bitter quarter. 
I s. bd. per lb., spot. 

Papain. -Scarce on the spot. Nominal 
quotation, 25s. per lb. In East .Africa, the 
demand for this product continues, mainly 
from the U.S. .A., and the local price in the 
.\rusha district has made a further increase, 
states a Barclays Bank (Dominion, Colonial 
and Overseas) report, and now stands at 
Sh. 2 1 .25 per lb. 

Pimento. — Quiet. Quoted at is. id. per 
lb., spot, sellers; 122s. 6d. per cwt., c.i.f. 
The Barclays Bank " Overseas Review " 
reports that the Jamaica crop is now coming 
in and prices are in accordance ■ with the 
Government Order, which sets a minimum 
of 43s. per 100 lb. to the grower, and 48s. 
per 100 lb. to the country dealer for deliv- 
eries to Kingston. A reliable estimate of 
the crop is not yet possible but it is expected 
to be up to recent averages. 

Pyrethrum. Ministry's supplies are 
available at igbs. per cwt., less =s per cent, 
for 5-ton lots and 6 per cent, for over 10 
tons. .A Barclays Bank report states that 
better weather conditions in Kenya have 
improved flowering and increased deliver- 
ies are expected. Labour difficulties con- 
tinue to hamper picking in the Kilimanjaro 
area. 

Waxes. - Carnauba. — Fatty grey, 
1 .020S. per cwt., spot; January-February 
shipment, 88os., c.i.f. Chalky grey, g.^os. 
per cwt., spot ; shipment, 870s., c.i.f. Prime 
yellow, 1, 200s. per cwt., spot; January- 
February delivery, ex store, 1,150s.; Janu- 
ary-February shipment, 1.050s., c.i.f. Can- 
delilla. — Spot, 445s. per cwt. ; forward. 
440s., c.i.f. Bees'. — Dar-es-Salaam, spot, 
350s. per cwt. ; shipment, 34.7s. bd., c.i.f. 
Benguela, spot in bond, 310s. per cwt.: 
shipment, 315s. Lindi, 34.7s. 6d., spot: 
shipment, 345s., c.i.f. Sudanese, spot. 
342s. 6d. per cwt., duty paid ; shipment, 
3 I OS., c.i.f. Montan. — Crude Czecho- 
slovakian, 355s. per cwt., spot. Ouricuri. 

5 per cent., 355s. per cwt., spot: ship- 
ment. 6 per cent.. 4gos. 



IH€ CHfcMISI AND DRUGGISI 



866 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGlSl 



December 18. 1946 



CORRESPONDENCE 



Acknowledgment 

Sir, — I wish to express my hearty thanks 
to all those who participated in exhibiting 
such a high mark of favour to me as was 
evidenced at the presentation which took 
place at the Merchant Venturers' College, 
Bristol, on December 5. I should like to 
write to each invididual to show my appre- 
ciation, not only of his or her share in the 
handsome gift of which I was the happy re- 
cipient, but, also, of the kind thoughts 
behind it ; this is quite impossible. Many 
happy memories will be mine as I muse 
upon our past associations. 

D. J. Williams, 
Former Head of the School of 

Bath. Pharmacy, M.V.T.C., Bristol. 

For A' That 

Sir, — The comment of a member of a 
brains trust organised in Brighton by the 
local branch of the Pharmaceutical Society 
(C. & D., December 14, p. 788), that the use 
of a brightly coloured nail varnish was a 
means of catching a man's eye and of 
diverting it from other blemishes has, per- 
haps, a moral for pharmacy. With women, 
any illusion created by the use of such forms 
of "bait " is no doubt dispelled on further 
acquaintance. By the same token, perhaps, 
the impression created by any fancy- 
sounding titles which it may become the 
privilege of pharmacists to use, if certain 
recommended policies secure approval, may 
not prove enduring, should it be found that 
the " Pharmaceutical Chemist " of to- 
morrow is but the " Chemist and Drug- 
gist " of yesterday, and that the description 
" Fellow of the Pharmaceutical Society " 
has been applied as merely a "nail-varnish" 
to cover the present Ph.C. Our present 
qualifications may not be all that could be 
desired, but are we not deceiving ourselves 
in thinking we can increase their prestige by 
a mere change of titles? 

London, N.6. Colour Blind. 

" Dead Hand " on Pharmacy 

Sir, — May I thank Xrayser for his very 
able review of the Society's " masterly 
inactivity." I find it a matter of great 
satisfaction to read in your columns expres- 
sions of opinion which I have voiced for so 
long. There is a good deal of criticism of 
the way in which our affairs are managed. 
But the vast majority of pharmacists who 
voice this criticism seem to think it is not 



worth while trying to do anything about it 
And one can hardly blame them. If one 
dares to criticise the Council or its per- 
manent officials, one is accused of being 
"disloyal" or "disgruntled." A whispering 
campaign is launched and the columns of 
the society's journal are used to embarrass 
or nullify one's efforts, .^ny enthusiasm to 
make pharmacy a dynamic and progressive 
craft is regarded as an impertinence, and no 
matter how much energy and effort are 
made, unless the cause has the approval of 
No. 17 it undergoes a process of vitupera- 
tion and senseless opposition. There is a 
" dead hand " which rules our craft. Every 
light your journal can throw on this earns 
the gratitude of all pharmacists who are 
alive to the dangers which a never-ending 
policy of drift and negation involve. Thank 
you, Xrayser. The Society in examining 
its constitution may yet realise that its 
monopoly as an examining body demands 
active protection of its graduates. 

Edgware. J. Ross-Mansell. 

An Examination Paper 

Sir, — I feel sure there are many " quali- 
fieds " who, like myself, take an interest in 
what someone else was given for his prac- 
tical pharmacy paper in the Qualifying 
examination. The paper given below was 
set for the Northern Ireland examination. 
It shows that the standard in that area is 
as high as at York Place, Edinburgh (I well 
recall my fateful days there!) and Blooms- 
bury Square, London. When the Christ- 
mas rush is over, perhaps some of your sub- 
scribers would like to try the questions on 
the apprentice. 

Pulv. trat;. 1 
S V.M. 7 mils 

Glycerin. 14 mils 

01. arachis 3 mils 

Tinct. benz. simp. 2 mils 
Aqua nd 100 mils 

Ft. cremor. M. d. u. 
II 

Ichthvol. ijr. V 

Antifebrin. (?r. ii 

Atropin. alk. vx- 1/75 

Ft. supp. Mittc tabs. v. M. d. u. 
Ill 

Prepare and send 50 c.c. liq. iodi mit. 
IV 

Ferri et nuin. cit. 7>i 
Sodii salicyl. 3ii 
.•\quam ad ^^i 
Sig. : Coch. amplum quartis horis sumend. 
V 

Prepare 50 c.c. of a solution containing 5 per cent, 
w/vv iodofoi-m in ether meth. 0.7S0. 

Bell Armagh. 



December 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



867 



OVERSEAS TRADE NEWS 



Savannah Rosin and Turpentine Market. 

The U.S. Civilian Production .Adminis- 
tration has announced a ^o.ooo drum in- 
crease in the rosin export quota for the 
quarter ending December 31, 1946, brini<ing 
the total which may be shipped abroad to 
125,000 drums. This is regarded by the 
mdustry as a forciunner to complete decon- 
trol of trade. 

Production of Medicines in Japan. 
The average monthly value of the output 
of patent medicines in Japan during the 
Irst six months of 1946 was 46,230.289 
en, states the U.S. " Foreign Commerce 
eekly." Arrangements have been made 
o distribute through normal trade channels 
atent medicines valued at 51,000,000 yen. 
The ratio of Japanese yen to U.S. dollars 
s 15 to I, under the Allied Control Com- 
ission. The value of production of biolo- 
icals in Japan reached a monthly average 
3f 4.929,150 yen in the first half of 1946. 
Their manufacture was resumed in Decem- 
)cr 1945. A wide range of vaccines and 
>rra has been produced. 

Brtizil*s Menthol and Mint Oil Exports. 

-Exports of menthol through the port of 
Santo; during the first six months of 1946 
imoujited to 166,959 kilos. Of this 
imount, 94,182 kilos went to the United 
States and 37,655 kilos to Great Britain. 
France, Switzerland, Spain, and Sweden 
vere other markets. In 194.5 exports of 
nenthol totalled 568.409 kilos, the U.S. 
;aking 454,019 kilos; Great Britain, 71,266 
cilos ; and Sweden, 21,568 kilos. Mint oil 
exports during the first half of 1946 totalled 
34,94.6 kilos. Great Britain purchased 
^1,388 kilos; the U.S., 6,204 kilos; and 
France, 16,846 kilos. In July, stocks of 
nint oil amounted to about 20 tons and 
)f menthol crystals, between 150 and 200 
ons. 

Ar^Jentine Linseed. -The latest official 
\rgentine crop and weather report states 
hat the outlook for the linseed crop is 
generally favourable, notwithstanding re- 
ports of excessive rains, hail, high winds and 
ust damage, while the amount of locust 
iamage reported is relatively small. Lin- 
ked yields in northern Buenos Aires are 
iround 1,000 kilos per hectare; in South- 
A-estern Santa Fe the range is from 800 to 
1,000; in North-western Santa Fe 500 to 
>oo ; Central Santa Fe 900 to i.ioo, and 
n Entre Rios and Central and Southern 
3ordoba 500 to 800 kilos per hectare. The 
argest item in the United Kingdom's pur- 



chase of Argentine oilseed products is 
100,000 tons of linseed oil. 

Ari{entine Import Restrictions. - Infor- 
mation has been received from Buenos Aires 
regarding new import lestrictions imposed 
in .Argentina. Import quotas lia\e been 
established in .Argentina, among otiiers, loi 
the importation of tooth-brushes, certain 
kind of combs, citric acids, sulphur, and 
calcium carbide. The whole of the quotas 
has been reserved for the Institute for the 
Promotion of Interchange, to be introduced 
either direct or through registered importers. 
In announcing this policy, the Central Bank 
statement refers to the necessity of making 
the best possible use of the funds accumu- 
lated abroad and which will become avail- 
able for purchases in various countries. 

Cinchona Stocks in Netherlands E.I. — 

1.500 tons of cinchona bark, equivalent to 
about 105 tons of quinine sulphate was 
found in Bandoeng, Java, states the U.S. 
■ Foreign Commerce Weekly." Similar 
stock piles are expected to be discovered in 
other parts of Java and in Sumatra. Re- 
cently 5.000,000 quinine tablets and 12 tons 
of quinine powder were found in Malaya. 
The latter were presumably shipped across 
the Malacca Straits by the Japanese durine 
the war. but were not distributed because of 
transport difficulties. The greater part of 
these preparations will have to be reprocessed 
before being used. The quinine manufac- 
turing plant at Bandoeng, which had been 
damaged by the Dutch before enemy-occu- 
pation, was fully repaired by the Japanese. 

Expansion of Indian Chemical Industry-. 

—India's chemical industrv- is expanding, 
and research on the production of many 
lines from materials available in the country 
is increasing. A new company has been 
floated in Travancore, to be known as 
Fertilisers and Chemicals Ltd., and on 
completion, the plant will rate among the 
largest of its kind in the world. In Kash- 
mir, the Government has instituted an in- 
dustrial research laboratory which will be 
devoted to exploring such problems as the 
manufacture of tartaric acid from tamarind, 
oxalic acid from sawdust, tannic acid from 
myrobalan. sodium glycocholate from ox 
gall and insulin from ox pancreas. The 
-Alembic Chemical Works in Baroda has 
been experimenting on the manufacture of 
alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, strv'ch- 
nine and caffeine. Factories in this State 
are already producing sulphuric acid, liquid 
Noaps. soluble oils, varnishes and polishes. 



468 



fHE CHEMIST AND DRUGGibl 



December 28. 1946 



BUSINESS QUERIES AND ANSWERS 

!!iub8cribers are invited to address inquiries to the Editor on problems of management 
accounts, stock-keeping, taxation. To ensure that no information of a confidentia 
nature is disclosed to a competitor, replies will be given under initials or a pseudonym 
If it is necessary to forward documents, copies only and not originals should be sent 



Cash Trading 

" Recently I opened two retail shops 
•vhere sales of chemists' sundries are trans- 
acted on a strictly cash basis, and as separate 
books are not kept on the spot I shall have 
to make the necessary accounts from returns 
(ent in to me. I should be pleased if you 
uuould give examples illustrating the proce- 
dure.— H. D." 

A weekly sales return should be made out 
by each branch manager, giving details of 
the cash received and paid away, and a 
typical pattern of return is reproduced be- 
low : — 



Balancing the Books 

" At the date of stocktaking I presurru 
it will be necessary for me to prove the cor 
rectness of the entries in my set of book, 
before attempting to arrive at the amoun. 
of profit made. Would you please outliru 
the usual procedure, and show how tht 
various books and balances should bi 
treated? — H. L." 

The accuracy of the records must be veri 
fied by preparing a trial balance, and there 
are two ways of doing this. One consiatJ 
of casting the debit and credit sides of 
each account and listing these totals ; the 



Sales Return 



.Branch 



Week ended 19. 



Receipts 



Monday 

Tuesday 

Wednesday 

Thursday 

Friday 

Saturday 



Shop 
Takings 
d. 



£ 



Date 



Payments 



I d 



Particulars of all goods and articles sup- 
plied to the branches may be entered in 
the sales book kept at head office, the 
amounts being debited to each branch on 
the departmental principle. The cash re- 
presenting shop takings should be debited 
in the head office cash book and credited 
to the particular branch account, whether 
the cash is paid to bank, remitted to head 
office, or retained at the branch. The 
amounts representing expenses, purchases, 
and wages should be shown in the head 
office cash book, and posted to the debit 
side of the branch account. Sums paid to 
bank should be verified with the figures 
shown in the pass book or bank ledger ab- 
stract, and the balance of cash in hand at 
the end of the week must be carried for- 
ward to the receipts side of the following 
week's sales return. A statement of ex- 
penses, a list of direct purchases, and a 
schedule of wages paid out should be at- 
tached to each return as vouchers, and, 
where possible, receipts should be produced 
in support of the payments. 



Sundry expenses, as per 
attached statement 

Cost of direct purchases, as 
per attached list... 

Wa^es, as per schedule ... 

Cash paid to bank 

Cash in hand 



Other, and better, method is to find the bal- 
ance of each account and make a list of 
these balances, debits being inserted in one 
column and the credits in another column, 
The accounts of customers and debtors can 
be ruled off by writing in the balance on 
the credit side, in each instance, and bring- 
ing down the balance as the first item tO 
commence the following period. The ac- 
counts of creditors and suppliers should be 
balanced in a similar manner, but if the 
ledgers have not been kept on the self-bal- 
ancing principle this will be more difficult 
A good deal will depend on the accuracy 
of the stock figure, and the stocktaking 
should be conducted in a manner which wilL- 
avoid any undue inflation or deflation on 
the profit balance. When assessing the 
value of creams, lotions, powders, and fancy 
goods, etc., the quantities in each shop or 
room should be called out by one assistant 
and set down on the stock sheets by another. 
Assets such as screens and wall fittings, 
mirrors, lamps, apparatus, machines, etc.. 
for which separate accounts have been 



December 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



869 



opened, must be excluded from the stock, 
as also must any goods which may have 
been sold to customers and recorded in the 
*ales book on or before the balancing date, 
but which have not yet been delivered. 
When all the stock on hand has been set 
down on the sheets, each item will have to 
be priced, the usual basis being the cost 
price. Where the prevailing market price 
has dropped below actual cost it is safer to 
*how the items at the current wholesale 
price level, but temporary increases in 
market prices should be disregarded. 
Materials which have become soiled or 
damaged can be priced out at an estimated 
value, but old stock of an unsaleable nature 
«hould not be priced. To allow for dis- 
counts granted off the invoiced prices for 
prompt settlement of accounts, a small per- 
centage may be deducted from the total 
grosfc value of the stock. 

To balance the set of books the value of 
the stock on hand at the commencement of 
the period must be shown on the trial bal- 
ance as a debit item, the value of the clos- 
ing stock being recorded in the stock ac- 
count after the trial balance has been 
agreed. Where it is the practice to classify 
the stock under a variety of headings for 
separate treatment, a number of accounts 
can be kept, but as a rule one stock account 
opened in the private ledger will be suffi- 
cient. If no errors have been made in any 
postings or. additions, the total of the debit 
balances shown on the trial balance will 
correspond to the total of the credit 
balances, and the following specimen in- 
dicates the usual method of compilation : — 

Trial Balance 



Juno 30, 1946 

Debit 

Cash in hand 30 3 

Bank balance 217 16 ^ 

Trade ciediioi-s 



Credit 



W31 17 9 
J. 747 10 o 



Sundry debtors ii 



Proprietor's capital account 
Proprietor's drawings 

account 400 o o 

Freehold property i,750 o o 

Furniture ana fittings ... 210 10 o 

Shop front, fixtures^ etc. 157 15 o 

Machines and apparatus 139 17 6 

Van and cycles 7-i 18 6 

Stock — June 30, 1945 ... 422 12 3 
National Sa\ings-Ioan a/c 
Sales, net 

Purchases, net 1,036 13 6 

Rates and taxes 59 19 6 

Carriage inwards 35 8 2 

352 9 3 

Discounts 43 8 6 

Bad debts 368 

Postages and stationery . 20 2 2 

Sundry trade expenses ... 41 9 9 



84 8 10 
1.963 16 3 



€5.070 > 4 €5,070 



MISCELLANEOUS INQUIRIES 

Formulas jjiven below may have beer 
prepared for overseas subscribers and the 
inclusion of substances therein is no in> 
dication that they are available in Britaii> 
or, if available, permitted to be used. 

Block Face-powder by Wet Process.— 
J. M. G. For producing a cake make-up 
by a " wet " method a suitable proccdurr 
is as follows : — 

Mineral oil . . 80 
Beeswax ... .. 2.24 

Stearic acid ... ... ... 13.5 

Tricthanolamine ... ... 1.34 

Potassium or sodium hydroxide 0.66 
A liquid emulsion is made with the mineral 
oil, stearic acid, tricthanolamine, plastic- 
isers, etc. The binder or mucilage is added, 
and the whole incorporated in the powder? 
and pigments, placed already in the heavj 
paste mixer or a " pony " mixer. LargeJ 
quantities of the liquid emulsion could bf 
made ahead and stored for daily use. Thf 
water should be cut down to a minimum 
because the paste has to be dried and the 
less the amount of water the sooner the pro- 
duct will dry. It is best to have the colour? 
and other pigments micropulverised before 
the liquid emulsion is incorporated, or to 
have the colours and powders treated in thf 
same way as for making ordinary face pow- 
der. By this means the necessity would be 
avoided of having to run the paste through 
a colloidal mill. The paste is spread on 
trays and dried over night. The following 
day perfume is added and the dried magma 
is crushed and sifted through a No. 40 
sieve ; the powder is then ready to press. 

Cake Make-up. ^r. P. — The following 
formulas are for two variants of cake make- 
up of the kind you have in mind: — 
T 

Zinc oxide . . 24 

Precipitated chalk 30 

Talc 18 

Petroleum jelly . . 3 
Boro-glycenn mixture 24 
Perfume ... ... . . ... i 

To prepare the boro-glycerin mixture 
thirty parts of boric acid are dissolved in 
seventy parts of glycerin. To this the mixed 
dry materials are added, then the petroleum 
jelly, and finally the perfume, mixing untii 
smooth. ij 

Talc ... ... ... ... 50 

Zinc oxide ... ... ... 20 

Precipitated chalk ... ... 14 

Tragacanth mucilage (3 per cent.) 10 
Starch .. ... ... 5 

Perfume 1 



870 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 

TRADE MARKS 



December 28. 194^ 



{From " The Trade Marks Journal," 

November 27) 

Application Made to the Cutler's 
Company, Sheffield. 

Silhouetted device of boar rampant; for 
safety razor blades (8). By the Rotax 
Razor Co., Ltd., Nursery Works, Eldon 
Street, Sheffield, i. 642,387/7722S. 
Applications Amended After 
Advertisements. 

Specification No. 642,005 by Ashe Labora- 
tories, Ltd., should be altered so as to 
read " Pharmaceutical preparations for 
use in the treatment of liver disorders." 
(From " The Trade Marks Journal," 
December 4) 

*' Ma Griffe " ; for toilet preparations (not 
medicated) and perfumes (3). By 
Societe a Responsabilite Limitee Car- 
ven, 6 Rond Point des Champs Elysees. 
Paris, France. 641,243. 

" Monval " ; for toilet preparations (not 
medicated), cosmetic preparations, per- 
fumes, soaps, essential oils, dentifrices 
and hair lotions (3). By Ste. d'Etudes 
Scientifiques Techniques et Publici- 
taires, 8 Rue Jean Goujon, Paris, 
France. 641,733. 

" Sillage " ; for perfumery, cosmetic and 
toilet preparations (not medicated) (3). 
By Financiera de Perfumeria S.A., 
Avenida A. 20, Panama City, Republic 
of Panama. 642,057. 

" JaM/vl " in distinctive writing on check 
dejign ; for toilet lotions and sachets, all 
fo;- use in waving and curling the hair 
(3>. By Sales Affiliates, Ltd., Elstree 
\>ay, Boreham Wood, Herts. 643,285 
(Associated). 

■ Frj^nds " ; for soap, soap powder and 
soap flakes (3). By Frances Ruth Smith. 
i(5 Allandale Road, Leicester. 643,442. 

' Breze " on device of leaves being blown 
off a tree ; for breath deodorants (5)- 
By Douglas Walker Products, Ltd., 7q 
Baker Street, London, W. i. B642,996 
(Associated). 

" Menovir " ; for pharmaceutical prepara- 
tions and substances (5). By Clinical 
Products, Ltd., 2 The Green, Rich- 
mond, Surrey. 643,512 (As.sociated). 
Dettocide ' and Dettol on sword 
device ; for pharmaceutical substances 
(5). By Reckitt & Colman, Ltd., King- 
ston Works, Dansom Lane, Hull. Yorks. 
643,826-27 (Associated"). 



" Mypep " ; for razors, scissors and knives 
included in this class (8). By Stanley 
Rogers, 118 Queen Street, Melbourne. 
Australia. 639,829. 

" Morning Smile " ; for razor blades (8). 
By Richards Bros. & Son, Ltd., 202 
Broomhall Street, Sheffield. 643,938. 

" Venule " ; for medical and surgical 
syringes (10). By Bayer Products, Ltd., 
14 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, London. 
S.W.I. 634,405. 

" Vim " ; for hypodermic needles for ex- 
port to the United States. Canada, the 
West Indies and Central .America (10). 
By MacGregor Instrument Co., 904 
Highland Avenue, Needham 92, Massa- 
chusetts, U.S.A. 640,211 (Associated). 

'■ White-Saniswan ; for white toilet 
paper (not medicated) ; white cleansing 
tissues (not medicated), white paper 
towels, etc. (16). By Swan Mill Paper 
Co., Ltd., 92 Regent Street, London. 
W.I. 643,059 (Associated). 

{From " The Trade Marks Journal,' 
December i i) 

" Foamolon ; for detergent preparations 
for use as soap substitutes (3). By The 
British Detergent Co., 42-44 Hill Road. 
Wimbledon, London. S.W.19. 643.214. 
.\my Blackburn of Bond Street,'' with 
portrait of applicant on label device ; 
for toilet preparations (not medicated) 
cosmetic preparations, perfumes, per- 
fumed soap, and toilet articles included 
in this class (3). By .Amy Blackburn's 
Chryzla Beauty Preparations. 16 Old 
Bond Street, London, W.i. 643,580. 
SuFATOL " ; for all goods (3). By Stand- 
ard Chemical Co., Cheadle Works, Mill 
Lane, Cheadle, Cheshire. 643,756 
(.Associated). 

■' LiLPUT " ; for preparations and substan- 
ces for laundry use : cleaning, polishing 
and scouring preparations, and soaps 
(3). By Leon Dell, 58 Sevington Road. 
Hendon, London, N.W.4. 644,024. 

■ Gad.\bout " : for perfumes and toilet 
preparations (not medicated) (3). By 
R. Desvau.x & Co., i Shorrolds Road. 
Waliiam Green, London, S.W.6. 
644,089. 

• Havoc " ; for preparations for killing 
weeds and destroying vermin (5). By 
Keystone Chemical Co., Ltd., 16 St. 
James's Street. London. S.W.i. 
8641,228. 



December 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 




Over ike kill. . 

A supplement of vitamin B, is 
often effective in overcoming 
anorexia after illness, and the 
convalescent whose appetite is 
thus restored will soon be on the 
road to good health. 

Vitamin B| is available in a con- 
centrated and palatable liquid 
form: 'Betaxan' Elixir contains 
0*675 mg. B| per teaspoonful — 
an 8 oz. bottle will last a month. 

'BETAXAN' 

ELIXIR 



P.A.T.A. DISPLAY TERMS 

Bott/e of 8 oz. (2 4 nett) $e//$ ot 3 6 p/us 5d. p.t. 
Bonus of 13 to the dozen m return for window 
or counter display. 



' B^tnan ' is a trade mark 
(brand of aneunn hydrochloride) 



BAYER PRODUCTS LIMITED • AFRICA HOUSE • KINGSWAY • LONDON- W.C.2 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28. I94fc 



BROMIDES 

(Ammonium, Potr-ssium, Sodium B.P.) 

regularly available for export to 
all markets 

produced by 

mmi POTASH ITD. 



Registered Office : 
13 Mansfield Street, London, W.I 



Submit Mquiries to : 

THE SOLE SELUNG AGENTS: 

C. TENNANT SONS & CO. LTD. 

ONE of the TENNMT Group of COMPANIES 

4 COPTHALL AVENUE, LONDON, LC.2 



Teltphone : 
Monarch 774 1 



Telegrams : 
Tennants, Stocl<, London 



Acacia 
Tragacanth 
Karayg j 

Benzoin 
Copil 



SHELLACS 

and 

WAXES 

Japan Wax. White 
Bees Wax, Candelilla 
Wax, Carnauba Wax 
In natural and powder 
form 




A. F. SUTER & CO., LTD. 

15 Philpot Lane, 
London • E.C.3. 

Phone; MANtion House, 2274/5 



Roura & Forsas, Ltd. | 



QUICKSILVER 



l/S BROAD STREET PUCE 
LONDON, E.C2 



Telephone No«.: 
LONDON WALL 5191/2 



I 



BURNSIDE'S EUCALYPTUS OILS 

Distilled in Australia by the largest distillers and refiners of Eucalyptus Oils 
in the world— W. K. BURNSIDE, PTY., LTD., MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA. 



80/85% B.P. 
Oil Euc. Dives 40/45% 
Oil Euc. Citriodora 



70/75% B.P. 
Piperitone 90/95% 
Oil Euc. Pheilandra 



.... Pheliandrene .... 
UNIFORMITY OF QUALITY . CONSISTENCY OF ODOUR 
Agenufor U.K.: WILSON & MANSFIELD LTD., 15 Philpot Une. London, E.C.3 

'Phone: MANSION HOUSE 9264-5-6 (WHOLE ;ALE ONLY) 'Grams: WYFIELD. LONDON 



Oecemb«r 28. 1946 



THfe CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



C79n Impressioft o/ one o/^ 
our Quinine Exi^raction Plants 
( Our own design ) 

7^ Quinine f 

EstaJbltshed IS 92 




H. JARVIE b COMPANY LIMITED COATBRIDGE SCOTLAND 



fexoort OeDt.. 10, Poriman St., London. W.I. 




ERNEST M. SINGER 

5, Whittinplon Avenue, E.C.3 
Telephone : M ANsion House 6 6 6 6 



MENTHOL crystals. 

CAMPHOR powder, 
tablets and slabs. 

GUMS Kordofan, 
Karaya, Tragacanth, etc. 
(whole and powdered) 



ESSENTIAL 0 LS, DRUGS. 
WAXES, SHELLAC, CHEMICALS 

Import — Export 



w. SUTTON&Co 

DRUGGISTS SUNDRIES 

LONDON LTD. 



w / s h a / / their 

Chemist Friends 
A Successful 
and Pro s p e rous 
New Yea t 



HORSESHOE LANE. CHASE SIDE. 
ENFIELD. MIDDLESEX 

Telephone ENFIELD 4747 (10 lines) 
Telegrams VINAIGRETTE ENFIELD 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



Decemoer 28. 1946 




BRITISH MANUFACTURED 

poTmnn 

(Commercial and B.P.C.) 



COMMERCIAL GPADE 94/95% — 
Prac 'cally White 

Available for prompt and early 
forward delivery. 

B.P.C. GRADE 




Available for the moment in re- 
stricted quantities only. There 
are priority requirements. 

ENQUIRIES INVITED 



MARLOW HOUSE. LLOYD'S AVENUE, E.C.3 



Telephones: ROYAL 7077/8/9 
Telegrams: Beafredma, Fen, London 
Codes'. A.B.C.Sth & 6th, Bentley's, Liebers. 

Private, Western Union 5 letter 
edition, Rudolf Mosse. 




FOR 

BARKS 

ROOTS 
HERBS & GUMS 

WHOLE 

CUT 
or POWDERED 

TRY— 

BROME & SCHIMMER 

WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS 
BOTANICAL DRUG IMPORTERS 
AND SPICE MERCHANTS 

4 LEATHER MARKET, LONDON, S.E.I 

T«l: HOP. 0825^-7 Cable; : Bomshim, London 
Telegrams : Bomshim, Sedlst, London 

Specialists in Crude Drugs 



LUCULLUS 
BRAND 




VERMOUTH 
HERBS for 
Export 

CULINARY HERBS 
Packets and Bulk 

HERBAL SMOKING 

MIXTURE 

Bulk Quantity 

R. BROOKS & CO. 

LUCA.8 J. L. B. LUCAB) 

27 MAIDEN LANE 
LONDON, W.C.2 
Phone: TBMTLa uam 9464-1891 



'Dibutyl Phthalate, Aspirin Powder and Crystals," 
Caffein Alkaloid BP, Caffein Citrate BP. Bersta- 
mot Oil. Lemon^rass Oil 70/75%, Cassia Oil, 



5, ha 



Aniseed Oil, Anise Seeds, Lanette Wax and Car- 
nauba Wax off-ered in substantial quantities. We 
require Glyceryl Mono Stearate; will pay highest 
market prices or will exchange for any of the 
• above. 122/874, C. & D. Office. . 



RUPERTO BUSTO 

CORNELIA (BARCELONA) SPAIN 
Exports — Rare Ores, Chemicals, Raw Material*. 
Medicinal Herbs and Roots, Essential Oils, 
Crude Drugs, Dried Fruits, Seeds. 
Imports— Chemicals, Metals, Raw Materials, 
Drugs, Spices, Colonial Producu. 



-BOTTLES- 

FOR THE 

HOME TRADE 

(Medicinal Products Only) 

Obtainable from 

CONSOLIDATED GLASS LIMITED, 
17 Collingham Gardens, London, S.W^. 

FROBISHER 27 16 



Decerrvber 28. r946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



V 



a' 





This is the curl that's (au^in^ commeni. Vou— and your customers — will see 
it advertised in all the leading newspapers . . . it's the new motif for bandbox — 
the really scientijic soapless shnwiioo. Bandbox adxxrtising, strikingly unusual has 
already won the hearts and hair — of women throughout the country. 
Terms are generous . . . 33°o cver\- sale. Retails at 2/- (4-oz. size), 162 - per 
gross. 7/6 (16-oz. sizc\ 31 - a dozen. Plus P.T. 

A.sl:e scientists originally created a special formula for cleansing human hair 
clippings from which the important biological chemical Cystine is extracted. 
Scrupulous clear-liness. u itliout injury to the most sensitive hair, was essential. 
\ou\ this :ery .-.pci ud shampoo is available to you under the name Bandbox. 

Ashe Laboratories Ltd. 120 22. Victoria St. S.W.I, and at Liverpool and Glasiow 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28. 1946 




194- 4> 



1945 



1946 



VALDERMA has establish- 
ed itself as the leading anti- 
septic balm and the demand 
Is still growing. This 
demand will be maintained (a) because Valderma 
is a first-class product (b) because powerful and 
consistent advertising is seen by over 35,000,000 
people every month ! Make sure you get 
your share of this good business by always 
keeping a good stock of Valderma in hand. 



VALDERMA 



ANTISEPTIC BALM 




ORDER TODAY. STANDARD SIZE 2/- a jar includinc tax Trade price 
15/- per doz. Purchase Tax 2/6 per doi. LARGE SIZE 3/6 a jar. including tax. 
Trade price 26/- per doz. Purchase Tax 4/4 per doz. 



DAE HEALTH LABORATORIES LTD.. 25/27. BERNERS SIREFT. lONDON. W.I. 



Deceflnber 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



vli 



If You're out of One 

Recommend the Other 

In these days, when, do what we will, we cannot always 
cope with demand, there is an added advantage in the 
two kinds of Parmint and their three sizes. 

All our press advertising features both Parmints and 
mentions all their prices. 

At the moment the 1/5 ready for use Parmint Syrup is 
in short supply. If you are temporarily out of stock, 
recommend your customers to take a 2/10 bottle or a 
3/1 1 bottle of the Parmint Concentrated Essences. 



Both are both 




PARMINT 

Concentrated Essences 
and 

PARMINT 

SYRUP 

INTERNATIONAL LABORATORJES 
LIMITED 

1-3 SMEDLEY ST.. LONDON. S.W.8 




Regd. Office: ALBERT GLASS WORKS. HUNSLET. LEEDS. Tel:2l568. Grams Feeders. 
London Office; 29. LUDCATE HILL. E.C.4. TeL City 7170. . . Phone.Lceds' 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



IX 



FOR SUPREME ACCURACY 

insist on — ^ 

BRANNAN 

THERMOMETERS , V C/i 

ALL TYPES- ' ' 
CLINICAL 
HOUSEHOLD 
INDUSTR.AL y 




ETC 



S. BRANNAN & SONS 

LTD. 

FOREST HILL, LONDON 
S.E.23 

TEL. • ■ FORmc Hill 3414/S 




ROBERTS' 
PATENT 

"LEO** 
VACUUM 
FILLER 

Fills all sizes of 
bottles with 
Liquids from 
drachm to quart 
— long, short or 
sprinkler neck. 

Clean A Rapid 
No Over Filling 
Broken Bottles 

Rejected 
Easy to clean 
Self Rinsing 



Write for 

Particulars 



oberts* Patent Filling Machine Co. Ltd. 

BOLTON, LANCASHIRE 

Rkew of every description of Bottle Fllllag and Shullow Jar 
and Tin KlUing Macblne for the Chenilsta" a»« 

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 




Accuracy in Calibrating 

The accurate calibrating of PYREX Brand Glass- 
ware is an art in itself. Here we see the calibrating 
of PYREX Brand Measuring cylinders. Each 
cylinder is first filled with water, each level being 
carefully marked off with a hair line. The cylinder 
is then waxed, put into the dividing machine, 
and the levels are marked off on the wax coating 
with a needle. By means of a quadrant, con- 
trolled by a skilled operator, the divisions are 
then subdivided and marked off into Mis. with 
perfect accuracy. Finally, the calibrations are 
clearly etched on the cylinder with acid. 

Note : For everyday laboratory work, PYREX Brand 
Graduated Glassware is calibrated to N P L class B 
standard, but for more meticulous analysis or intricate 
research work, N P L class A can be supplied, ac the 
appropriate extra cost. 

nyRi:X Hr.nut GraitiutU-d Glassware is 
fiiif>piied only tlirniigh Laboratory Furnish- 
ers, but illuslralcd catalogue and two 
/rt'c copies of our Chemist's S'otehook u-ill 
he sent direct on application to iin. 

PYREX 

l'.K(;I> TKAl'K MU K IIIUMI 

GRADUATED 
GLASSWARE 

made by 

James A. Jobling & Co. Ltd. 
Wear Glass Works, Sunderland. 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



Dtcember 28, IM6 




FROM RUBBER 

DINGHIES 
\BACK TO... 



Just as Dunlop helped 
to equip the services to 
win the war, so their 
workers and plant will again 
meet the needs of the 
day by resuming the production 
of the famous range of Dunlop hot water bottles. 

Obtainable from your usual faaor or wholesaler, when 
supplies are available. 




DUNLOP HOT-WATER BOTTLES 

DUNLOP RUBBER CO. LTD., General Rubber Goods Division, Cambridge Street, Manchester. 



For Better Sales 




Sale Makers THOMAS WARD & SONS, LTD. 
Wardonia Works Sheffield. I. 



46 ORG ,21 



Beautiful BOTTLES and JARS 

Plastic or metal caps, sizes up to 10 oz., wide and 
narrow mouth. Prompt delivery of unlimited 
quantities. 

POPLAR GLASSWORKS LTD.. 41 Sackville 
Street, London, W.I • Tel. : REGent 7200 (10 lines) 



All types of High Class machinery for fine chemical 
cosmetic and similar trades, including laboratory 
equipment. 

REED BROS. (Engineering) LTD.. 
Bevis Marks House, London, E.C.3. 
Telephone: AVEnue 1677-8 



CALL IN WE Expemf 



The best way to ensure satisfaction in grinding is to 
call in the experts — Porteus. Not only do they know 
what exactly is required, but they can and do invari- 
ably advise on the best type for the job in hand. 
Lengthy experience in design and construction is at 
your service — why not write now? 

GEORGE PORTEUS & SONS (Leeds) LTD. 

LEEDS BRJD.GE WORKS, L E E D S.< I 0 



GRINDER 
No. 1544 




GP7a 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



for the Pharmacist who retails 
SUPERIOR 
SURGICAL GOODS 




HOT WATER BOHLE 




SPONGt DAU 



We are glad to be able to announce 
that early in 1947 we shall again be 
able to supply you with our well- 
known surgical goods. All the most 
successful pre-war lines are again 
going into production and new items 
being introduced include the Ll-L# 
Whirling Spray and "Travelette" 
Spray. The trade-mark "A Ll-L# 
Product" is your guarantee of the 
quality and dependability of all 
diese goods. 

P B. COW & COMPANY LIMITED. (ESTABLISHED 1836) 
12 HAY HILL. BERKELEY SQUARE. LONDON, W.I. 
Tti: Regen 740/ (10 hnes) 




Col mND BtU .HLLiirtd 



TO WHOM IT HAT CONCIRN 

Irooks Rupture Appliances: 

WARNING ! 

e name " BROOKS " is registered as 
Trade Mark of the Brooks Ap- 
ce Co., Ltd., for use in connection 
Rupture Appliances. Injunctions 
lave been granted by the High Court 
Justice restraining Traders from 
assing off Rupture Appliances or 
russes not the manufacture of the 
rooks Appliance Co., Ltd., as if they 
^ere the Brooks Appliances manufac- 
ired by such Company and from using 
le term "Brooks pattern" or the 
ord "Brooks" in connection with 
ich appliances. 

Brooks Rupture Appliances mr« 
obtainabte only front the sole 
suppliers, Brooks Appliance Co., 
Ltd., 80 Chancery Lane. London, 
W.C.2, and Hilton Chambers, 
Hilton Stre«t, Manchester. 



GYNOMIN 



The Scientific 

Contraceptive 

Added responsibilities and changed 
social conditions account for the 
increasing interest taken in 

PLANNED PARENTHOOD 

KEEP ADEQUATE STOCK. 
WRITE FOR SPECIAL TERMS. 
LITERATURE ON REQUEST 

COATES & COOPER LTD. 

NORTHWOOD 
MIDDLESEX 
ENGLAND 





OUR PUBLICITY 
WILL BRING JIEW 
CUSTOMERS TO 
YOUR PHARMAa 




THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28, 1946 




0 
0 



/^PPLIANCES 

• ARCH SUPPORTS 

• HEEL GRIPS 

• FOOJ BANDAGES A 

• INSOLES ^ ^ 

Made in a wide range of st)andard 
and adjustabl^ ^*<5^<}gs- 
Prompt attei(ttpft 'gfve>Kto special 
orders and /D<>ctor$*7prescrlptions. 



Wr/U for fulUpmlfXilmi 

to tm H'&mtf'^ituiers :~- 

EMSA^ORK$^ HERBERT FOOT 

Jijm^NCE LTD. 
Patersott^treet, Blackburn. Lanes. 



0 



RECD. TRADE MARK 



TOILET PAPER 

FELVET 



Teats for Feeding Bottles 

Medicine Droppers 
Nipple Shields 
Finsrer Stalls i^eatiu 



and Rubber 



Cot Sheets 



Watch Spring 

Pessaries 



E S C 0 (RUBBER) LTD 

99 King-iland High Street 
London - E.8 
Tei : Cirsoid 1717 Cables : Sbupax London 




STOCKING (except Black). 16^- gross 
CURTAIN & COLD WATER. 24/- gross 

(Including Black Stocking) 

Please order from our Sole Ageati 

Gt BritaIn — W. B. CATtwrifhc. L(d, KawdM. L»m4t 

N. Ireland— T McMulhn & Co. Ltd^ ■G. Vtacxn Strvri, 

E)r« — Miy Roberu (hehnd) Ltd, Grind Cinil Quay, Oublim C-* 



VELVET CREPE Wi JlI'l'l'I^J T0( L^f T ^P^APE R 

MANOKtRCMIEFS 



> »APER CO. LTD 




RAZOR BLADES 

Supplies are short but 
definitely worth asking 
your wholesal«r for. 
Twenty - five yean 
reputation for finest 
quality still maintalM 



LONDON AND PROVINCIAL FACTORS LTD 



RojiJ LONDON. 



December 28, 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



Hava you welfhed up the Idei of making the dofi 
and catt In your district into cu«omeri? P«t 
welfare is becomlni an Incrcaiinj P"b"c J""'^*"- 
Pet owners are consulting experts about the health 
of their dogs and cats. Every chemist «" t"™ 
these facts to profitable '^vantage by «ockln| 
George Bell's Blood Salts for Dogs, and Cat Powdera 

Send for trada pr/ce hit f 
liL L A SONS, LTD., Veterinary ChemUii 
LIVERPOOL 13 

GEORGE 



—BELLS— 

BLOOD miES^Sbfs 
CAT POWDERS 




lESTROY FLIES ON CONTACT 



THIS YEAR'S FASTEST SELLING LINE 



Scott's D.D.T. Fly Papers will clear a room 
of flies, gnats, midges, etc., in no time. 
D.D.T. isabsorbed through the padsofthe 
flies' feet which causes death very quickly. 

PRICE 36/. PER GROSS 

TRADE & WHOLESALE ENQUIRIES INVITED 



Soil M/l/^C'fACt 

J. b K. SCOTT. 



;m 1 STs, 

INGHAM. J. 



LUI II " I ' ^ SWI N NERTON S 

HIRE DAK WAREHOUSE • STONNALL • WALSALL. 



Qt^GOOD 

J7 ^<^o^<!tfi*tji1tfei 




Famous since 1909 
GAYFORD ROAD LONDON WI2 SHt in* (nvi linjs) 



PACKING SERVICE 

We have the factory space and 
the machinery - Let us share 
your work and problems. 

1. Powders and Liquids packed. 

2. Raw material supplied if required. 

3. Distribution undertaken if required. 

4. Any quantity handled. 

5. Guaranteed confidential service. 

Write for details 
Quotations given free 

RODMILL CHEMICAL CO. LTD. 

St. Anne Street, Liverpool 3. 



TELEPHONE 



NORTH 1393. 



I 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28, 1946 




1/3 3/. 
4/101 
12/- & 21/9 



BoxypJlLs 




BEAR 



BRAND 



HONEY 

BULK AND PACKED 

FOR MANUFACTURING 
AND TABLE USE 



L. GARVIN & Co. Ltd. 

BRANCH 

THE BEAR HONEY CO. LTD. 
ISLEWORTH. MIDDLESEX 

Hounslow 3483/4 




Grape sugar, phosphates and vita- 
mins are all contained in Winox — 
not only a wine but a predigested 
food acceptable to enfeebled diges- 
tions. Because supplies are short, 
please help us to reserve available 
stocks for invalids only. 



WINOX 



ARGOTONE 

NASAL € EYE DROPS 



■Moraine T/^iETS 



BEAUFOYS WINES LTD., VILLIERS ROAD. KIN-iSTON, 

SoU distributors to the Pharmaceutical Trade : 
BROOKS & WARBURTON LTD., 232 VAUXHALL BRIDGE RD.; 
S.W.I. 




RONA LABORATORIES LTD.. 159 Finchiev Rd.. N W.3. 



TABLET TUBES 

Enquiries invited from Home & Export Buyers 

GLASS CONTAINER CO.. 21 HAYES LANE, 
KENLEY, SURREY. 

Works : 25-27 Averse/ Street, Liverpool, I . 



PRITCHARD'S 

TEETHING POWERS 



(APERiENT) 

PRITCHARD'S 
COOLING POWDERS 

(NON-APERIENT) 



1/3 (20 Powders). 6/- (96 Powders) inc. Tax. 
The 6/- Size Sold at Id. each— Good Profit. 

Pritchard's Ltd., Cheadle, Cheshire, Eng. 



I 



December 21. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



Every Cough 
is a Call^ 
for 




^ To enable you to 
satisfy more of the 
"calls" at your own 
counter, preference in 
production is given to 
the I /5 size, and supplies 
of the 3/5 size may be 
intermittent. 



SANGENE 

Brand 

PRODUCTS 

announce that their 

ANTISEPTIC INFANTS 
DUSTING POWDER' 

in Sprinkler Tins is a 
delightfully packed 

NURSERY REQUISITE 

Distributed by S. MAW, SON & 
SONS. LTD. of NEW BARNET 



SANGENE PRODUaS LTD 

MONUMENT BUILDINGS, 

11/15 Monument Street, London E.C.3. 
•Phone: MAN. 2712 



'VIM' 

NEEDLES 
DESERVE 





¥IM 

SYRINGES 

RECORD FITTING 

The ' Good Point ' in 
Vim Needles has many 
counterparts in Vim 
Hypodermic Syringes. 
These include — special 
'heat-resistant,' 'slow- 
ground ' glass : indi- 
vidually mated glass 
plungers working in 
individually calibrated 
barrels; superb crafts- 
manship ; great eco- 
nomy. Limited supplies 
avaikble. Enquiries wel- 
comed. 

SPECIAL NOTICE 

With Vim Syringes, 
sterilization is possible 
by AUTOCLAVING— 
one of the methods 
recommended by the 
Medical Research Coun- 
cil in War Memorandum 
No. 15. 

SAMPLE NEEDLE and 
particulars (rem Chas. 
F. Thcckray Ltd., Park 
St.,Leedsor 252 Regent 
St., London, W.I 




Empire Distributors 
(Except Canada) 



THE OLD MEDICAL SCHOOL 

Park St., Leeds I Telephone 20085 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28. ]94(, 



THERMOGEXE 

VAPOUR RUB 

If you are asked for "a jar of T.V.R.'' 
— this is what is wanted 

Made by the makers of THERMOGENE MEDICATED WADDING 



For health and 
hygiene in the home 





It's Illegal- 



Maybe ? — to use « distillation apparatus in one's boudoir 
nitbout a Tery special permiL The Field organisation, howeTef, 

nitfa its sdenli6c plajinini, permits the produits of distillaliun 
to be used for all fine perfamery and 

•ids to beauty anywbere. Can 
m tStt yoo our tKbnic«l belp ? 



« CO. lAIOMlTICa ITS. 




renfUME awtPouND spixiausts 
turr TiiMKfci, AirEHTos. middlesh 



I. Boon Products embody new 
anticeptics, of higher, more uniform 
I germicidal power than those previously 
available. 2. New bases enhance the 
healing efficiency of these antiseptics. 
3. Boon Products are pleasant to use, 
non-poisonous, non-irritant, non-stain- 
ing. Full particulars (packing, terms, 
etc.) from the Sole Distributors to the 
Chemist Trade : — 
S. MAW, SON AND SONS LTD., 

Aldersgate House, New Barnet, Herts. 

Manfrs : P. A. C. CHEMICALS LTD., EPSOM, SURREY 



TEL.: CANONBURY 3401 



BUCKLEY BOWKER TABLET CO. LTD. 

PARKFIELD STREET, LONDON, N.I 

OVBH 40 YEARS PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE 



COMPRESSED TABLETS 



EVERY KIND 
(BULK or PACKED) 

PRIVATE FORMULAS COMPOUNDED BY EXPERTS {Sihctesi Secrecy Guaranteed) 
S^man'y CONTRACEPTIVES (Special Formulas). TABLETS and JELLIES 



I 



December 28. 19-46 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



xvii 




ABOK 



THE WONDER WOOL 
Cl»ans as It Po//sh«s 

THX tlODtMK MXTHOO OF CUAN1NO 

Gold, Silv*r. Electro Plat*. Chromium, Etc. 

XjmtD BT ALL LEASTNO SILVItlUMrna 

TrmtU Enqmrits U: 

Tbe RABOK MANUFACTURING Co. Ltd. 

OUGHTIBJUDGE . . . SHEFFIELD 



DENTAL STICKS 

Almost unlimited stocks are now 
available of Dental Sticks, including 
Stimulators, Whalebone Sticks, 
Hard Wood Sticks, Soft Wood 
Sticks and Firm Wood Sticks. 

Price List and Samples from : 

BRITISH DENTAL STICKS LIMITED 
Newoutle-on-Tyn*. 4 




DrJANSSENS 

BRAND 

TEA&TABLETS 

These tonic remedies for figure 
fitness are in greater demand 
than ever. National advertising 
stimulates this demand and makes them 
ready sellers. Supplies are readily available. 
If you want to share in this 
demand write for details 
of prices and packings. 

# WholMak dli. 
tributing agents 
are wanted in 
most areas 
throughout the 
country. 




DrJANSSENlP 

52. BAKER ST LONDON Wl 



xvlii 



TM6 CHEMIST AND DRUGGlSi 
SUPPLEMENT 



Dec«mbef 28 I ♦46 



mm 



A special process of Sulphonaie of Alcoho's with a 
P.H.7 value unrivalled for the manufacture of 
Reconditioning Soapless Siampoo, H Jr Tonic, 
Scalp Lotion. Dandruff Lotion, Foam Bath Fluid, etc. 
10/- and 15/- per bottle. Suggested formulas with 
eech order. Special quotations for large quantities 



0 F.tlECKH EATON 



T. Wood & Son, (Cieckheaton, Ltd.) S/ke Works. 
Cleckheaton. Grams: Phone: C'eckheuon 86. 
London: 12 Little Newport S:., Leicester Square. 
W.C.2. (rear of Hippodrome). Phone: Gerrard 1793 -K 



malnutrition 

The marvellous nutritive 
power of yeast is well known. 
By adding real value to your 
food VIRDOX corrects mal- 
nutrition, lack of appetite, 
weariness, digestive troubles, 
skin affections, anaemia, 
"nerves." VIRDOX re- 
energises young and old. 



VIRDOX 

. . REOD. 

nutrition « 



Agents appointed for areas not 
yet represented 

VIRDOX. 75 KINGSWAY, LONDON, W.C.2. 



icrt QUICK-SELLING 



SELTO 

jbe/itcJL ScJbb 



13 TO TH£ UOZ^N— 33<i"o DISCOUNT 




SELTO (Eastbourne) Ltd. 
Hampden Park Eastbourne 



Order early to ensure supplies of our 
two new fast selling lines 

ALUM BLOCKS 

IN CARTONS 

BIL-PINE NEEDLE CRYSTALS 

IN CARTONS 



BEECHWOOD INDUSTRIES LTD., 
447, CALEDONIAN ROAD, N.7 

'Phone North 39 9. 




Manufactured only by 

J. F. WHITE & CO., LTD. 

Lovington Laboratory, Bermon St., Leedt, 7 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



xhr 



^ Stops 





Scurf SDandrufTLotioa 

If you find any difficulty in obtaining supplies send 
us the name of your usual Wholesaler and wt 
will do our best to assist you. 

So/e Manufacturers and Proprietors — 

ILEX SUPPLY CO., LTD. 252b GRAYS INN ROAD, W.C.I 



Trade 18^"* ^oz. 
Plus Tax ONE SIXTH 
Retail 2/9 




HARKUHS 

erhcoc^oua and 
picasam, with 
>o% tugar 

onteni — 
.'ackedin i/6 
Fins. 

Trade Price 
io/6perdoz., 
plus Purcha e 
Tai(i6|%;or 
per gross. C. w. O. 

QUICK SELLING 
SEASONABLE LINES 

UNIVERSALS 

3id. and 6^d. in amact- 
ivc Ditplay outert. 
Trade Price 47/- per 
gro»8, plui tax (6 Jd. tue) 
or X3 . 12 . I C. w. O. 
and 25/6 per g oi», plus 
tax (aid. 9i»c) or ,C 1-8.4 
C. w. O. IMPROVED 
BAbE. 



Harcombe 

Cooper bUaa Ltd 



ROUNOHAY «IUN«i 
LiEOS 8 




HOUSEWIVES ARE BEING TOLD 

THAT irs OATREX for 





The question of the hour is food and how families can 
get the most goodness out of available supplies. 
OATREX is giving the answer in wide regional press 
advertising. It is telling how O.^TREX, prepared from 
the finest Scottish oats is rich in valuable 
" OATRITION " for buUding health and vitaUty. 

Retail selling prices : Medium Ground {Green label) 1 lb 
and 2 lb. 1/4 and 2/6. Fine Ground (Red label) 1 lb. and 
2 lb. 1/5 and 2/8. 

A Produri of Otorg* 
King * Co. LimUod, 
Kimgt^ry, L4md«n, 
S.W.9. 



Oatrex 



KINGS FAMOUS PIECOOKED OATMEAL 



C«fN4KM to MimftefMktft^^ (Bein) /. Lm4m Bridge B.W i 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28. 1946 



Be 

Prepared! 

MORE and more people, 
both through our advertising 
and through their experience, 
are getting to know that 
SevenSeaS Cod Liver Oil is 
the answer to sun-starvation. 
Add two facts — that 1946 was 
a poor year for sunshine, and 
that this is the sixth winter 
of fat-rationing, and you see 
why we say — be prepared for 
a strong run on your 
SevenSeaS supplies — oil and 
capsules ! 



BRITISH COD LIVER OILS (HULL & GRIMSBY) 
LTD., ST. ANDREW'S DOCK, HULL, ENGLAND. 




EUCRYL LTD 

SOUTHAnPTtfK 



ESTABLISHED 1793 



INFANTS' WESERVillTlVE 



Tho Beit and S&fest Infants' Medioin* of 
150 ye&n' it&nding 

DoM not contain anj Soh«daled PoUon 

ROBERT BARKER & SON, LTD. 

It WBSLST ST., C. SB M.. MANCHB8TEB 



r 



THE "BESTSEllER" 
IHAJ PAYS YOU JO STOCK 

TRADE ENQUIRIES INVITED 

M. CALTHORPE & CO. LTD. 
Manufacturing Chemists, Ossett 

sou DISTRIBUTORS 




December 28, 1946 THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST xxi 

SUPPLEMENT 



Aberdfen 

accringt(jn 

ALNVV IC K 
ASHTON-UNDf R- 

Lynf. 

BaMU RY 

Barnsfapi I 
Hi DioRi) 
Hi I I \si 

BlRKI SUKAIJ 
HiRMINCiHAM 

Hi a( Ki'ooi. 

HoDMIN 

HosioN 

Hoi UM MOUIll 

Hrxdiord 
Hrk.hion & 

Hove 
Bristol 
Burton 
Bury 

St. Edmunds 

Cafrnarvon 

Cambridob 

Cannock Chase 

Cardiff 

Carlisle 

Car.vcarthen 

CHtLTFJSfHAAf 

Chesterfiiid 

Conway 

Coventry 

Darlington 

Darwen 

Denbigh 



Derby 

DoNCASTtR 

Dorchester 
Dublin 
Dundee 
Durham 



Edinburgh 
Exeter 



Grimsby 
Guernsey 

Halifax 
Hereford 

HUDDFRSrieLD 

Hull 

Ipswich 

Isi K Of Man 



KrNDAL 
LaNC \STKR 

Liins 
Llic i sri R 
Lin( oln 

LlVF.RI>(X)L 

Luton 
Manchf.stfr 

MlXBORUrOH 



Is your town here ? 




Ne\vca»tle Paisley 

NiVVPORf PEN/.AN(P 

(I OP W ) PrriRBoiioLon 

. Plymouth 

Newport (MoN.) Portsmouth 

Northampton Prmton 
Norwich 

Nottingham Ri auinw 

Nuneaton RoTMiRHAy 

Sr. Hi.i ENS 

SALrOHl) 

Salisbury 

SCARB<)R(JL'OlJ 
SFfVFULI D 

Southampton 
Soutiifno 

SfiUTHPOR r 

Stafford 
Stamford 
Stoilk 

STOUHlRlDGt 
SUNDBRLANU 



MUSTARD OINTMENT 



advertising is appearing 
in these towns now! 



Glasgow 
Glolcfstfr 
Gixii t: 
Grantham 
Grfi nock 



Jersey MiDni i sbrough Oban 

Kfighlfy Nfwbury Oldbury 

and EIRE Oldham 

and LONDON Ovtord 



Taunton 
Tru«o 

Walsall 
Whitby 

WrsCHESTtR 
WORCUTFR 

Wrexhajh 
York 



To 



Chemist and Export Merchants 



We have to offer a limited 
quantity of HIGH GRADE Amer- 
ican PROPHYLACTICS, ynade 
and packed originally for the 
U.S.A. Forces. 

The Brand is 'SIL VERTEX' 

made by the KILLIAN Mfg. Co., 
Akron, Ohio, U.S.A. 

These are first class goods in 
oerfect condition, individually 
ealed in heavy tin foil, on perfor- 
ated strips of 6, plain reinforced 
mds, not teat etids. Beautiful Silky 
juality and will if necessary keep 
IS packed for years and not lose 
Elasticity. Particulars from . . . 



Sir John Pratt & Co. 

Cht mius and Druggists Sundries 
Wholesale and Export Only 

89 Forset Court, Edgrware Road 
London, W.a Tel. Padding ton 4104 





L.. 



Retail Prices 1/5 & 2/6 inc. Pur. Tax 

Cupal margins and discounts 

CUPAL LTD., 

Manufacturing Chemist, BLACKBURN 



xxii 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28. 1946 




Shake as you will the powder cannot escape — 
one tap on the disc and Presto ! — there is the 
powder, ready for use. 

The "Non-Spill" is finely constructed with no 
sifter to replace, and finished in a variety of 
attractive designs. 



7Ae Ae^ ' KOH'SPfM 

POWDER C O M P A GTii 



(BRITISH MADE) 
Wholesale, Retail & Export enquiries to 

Sole Distributors 

MADELOX LIMITED 

(dept. a) 

168 CORPORATION STREET. MANCHESTER. 4 
Telephone: BLAckfrlars 0177/8 




FOR 

PRESTIGE 
AND 

PROFIT- 
SELL 




ARIEL 

CURLERS 

Obtainable through your 
usual wholesaler 

MADi BY I A D MVIT CO LTD 
TEMPLI R O A D • L E I C E S T E R 



WYNNOSPRITE 

^Perfumers' Quality Spirit 

GIVES PERFUME THAT PRE-WAR " PING " 

AT LAST — IT LASTS 
WITH WYNNOSPRITE IT DOESN'T FADE 

NOTE— The scientific compounding of our spec/'o/ 
ingredients enables you to purchase Wyr^no- 
sprite without spirit licence or requisition 
forms. 

ANGLO-DUTCH PHARMACIEUTICAL CO. LTD. 

IIO DALE END BIRMINGHAM 4 



THE CREAM 
OF HAIR DRESSINGS 
Limited supplies of Paracreme and 
new attractive display material 
now available. Retails at I /9 

per bottle. (Inc. Pur. Tax). 
CATFORD TOILET SUPPLIES LTD.. 

127 Catford HIII,S.E.6. Forest Hill 2332 




HERBALENE 

It's worth stock'iDg ! 

There is an ever increasing demand for 
HERBALENE, ensured by nauonal advertising 
and the recommendations of satisfied users. 
This laxative gently and effectively promotes the 
natural functioning of the internal system and 
purifies the blood. It is equally suitable for 
children and adults. 

Retail price: l/4id. and 2/3d. p«r packet. 
Attractive thowcari on rtqutst. 

LUSTY'S NATURAL PRODUCTS CO. 

WESTCLIf F-ON-SEA. ESSEX. 



Oeoember 28. 1946 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUG<<lST 
SUPPLEMENT 



■kMI 




u\ 



G)lae s 

Leaui^ liouncl 

•NEOLITE 



Luxurious in 
fin sh. 
Elegant in style 
Captivating in appeal 



NEOLITE Brushes owe their popularity to the 
harmony of crystal-clear and pastel colourings 
which blend with the gleaming silvery nylon bristles, 

LADIES' MODEL (Illustrated) RETAIL 37/6 inc. tax 
(240/- doz. less 5% cash 7 days, plus 6/4 tax.) 

The NEOLITE range al'o includes Gents' military 
Clothes, Children's, Babies' and Comolexion 
Brushes. Crystal dressing CDmbs to match. 

Entirely British " Hand-made ' Wi e-dra'Am 



UNIVERSAL BRUSH COMPANY. LUTON, BEDS"| 




TWO 



HOSiGlilRD 



4 LADVEK itOP-i 




HOSE GUARD stops ladders 
instantly, yet the materlil 
remains soft; it does not harm 
the finest stocking or prevent it being invisibly 
mended. 

HOSE GUARD is a chemical solution made 
especially for hosiery; has been acclaimed by many 
leading actresses and is nationally advertised. 

Supplied in small bottles for the handbag to 
retail at 1/6d. Attractive display packs rtady for 
ywa counter ooatalning 2 dozen bottles. 
Obtaimsble from 

SALE TILNEY & CO.. LTD. 

3. LLOYDS AVBNUe. LONDON. E.O. 



by the 

Evan Williams 

CO. LTD. 

REPRESENTATIVES FOR SCOTLAND— To 

1 increase our service to you. and facilitate your 
business vdth us, we have appointed two special 
representatives who will personally contact you 
during the following months as from January- 1947. 
j This entirely supersedes the previous arrangement 

of agency representation. 

, Edinburgh and Ea$t Coast - P. Ci thbertson 

' Glasgow and West Coast • - D. Murdoch 

PRICE REVISION OF EVAN \HLLIAMS WAVE 

2 SET — ^ ill all our customers please note that 
owing to increased manufacturing costs, we shall 
be obliged to make a si ght increase in the price 
of this poptilar product. This will in no way affect 
its value as a first class stocking line. 

I Basic Wholesale Price • . 4/7 per doz. instead of 4/. 
(tox 100%). 

' Retail Price (inc. Tax) lljd. per bottle instead of lOJd. 

RETAILER'S PERCENTAGE OF 
I PROFTT FLXLY MAINTAINED 

The Evan Wiluam* Co, Ltd., Perlvale, Greenford 



xxlv 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 
SUPPLEMENT 



December 28, 1946 




A 

NEW MARKET 
for the 
CHEMIST 



BRONCHIAL Mixture for DIABETICS 



^^HEMISTS can now recommend this new preparation to diabetics 
for the alleviation of Coughs, Colds and Bronchial ailments. It 
can be taken with perfect safety since it does not disturb the metabolic 
balance ; and it is suitable even for uncontrolled diabetics. Chemist, 
customer and physician will readily perceive the immense advantages. 



ACTIVE INGREDIENTS 



Fluid Extract of Brvony Root Aqueous (1 : 1 with 

Glycerine 23%) " .05% 

Fluid Extract Coltsfoot Herb Aqueous (1 : 1 with 

Glycerine 25%) .15% 

I.i<*jid Extract of S«iuill - - - - .1% 



Liquid Extract of Ipeoacuanha 
Oil of Anise .... 
(Jil of Peppermint - - - 
Chloroform . . - - 
Tincture of Quillaia - 



- .1% 

- .(i2Vo 

- .02% 

- .5% 

- .02% 



yery low carbohydrate content — less than .31% 
Sugar — absent. Direct calorific valu« — Nil. 

DOSAGE: ADULTS : 2 teaspoonfuls three times daily, 
CHILDREN: A proportionately smaller dose. 

Trade Price 21/4(1 per dozen, plus ta.x • Retail Price S/Od including tax 
Ask your wholesaler or write 

ASHLEY & WEEKS LTD 

Manufacturing Chemists 
MITCHAM ROAD, LONDON, S.W.I7 



December 28. 1946 THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 




WILLIAM MAIHEH LTD DYER SIREEI CHLSIEB HU MAMuHEbUH lb 

Telephone BLAckfriats 6/68 Te/e g'rams ■ 'Ba/samic Mancheiier 



THE CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST 



December 28. I946 




Resuming Normal Supplies 

Although all demands for FELSOL cannot yet be met 
RS quickl/ as we should like, we are pleased to announce 
that production is now steadily increasing week by week. 
Supplies therefore are not so limited as previously and the 
delays In deliveries caused through war-time hindrances are 
gradually being overcome. 

.With the efforts now being made to resume normal 
supplies, it is hoped that, in the near future, all orders for 
the standard size will be executed without delay. For the 
time being the large size must still be reserved for 
physicians' private prescriptions, hospital and N.H.I, 
dispensing purposes. 

In thanking pharmacists for their patience and co- 
operation, we again apologise for inconveniences caused by 
circumstances beyond our control. 



BRinSH FHSOL COMPANY UP 

WICTOTN house. 206-212 STJOHN STREET. CLERKENWELL. LONDON. EC I 

Tvtephon.!. CLErk<rnw<ll. 5862 Cdbles. Felsol Smith. London. 



PrlsUd by TuK Uatcock Prjsss, Ltd., 106-140 Neate atr«et, Cambenrell, H.E.5, and Pnbllaiied by Ut« Proprt*t«ai, 
MoaoAN B&OTHKBa (PuBLiBBXM), LiMiTBD ,at 38 £«MX street, Strand, LoadoD, W.CLa.